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VOL. 21 JANUARY, 1974 NO. 1 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


God of our 'life, through all the circling years, 

We trust in Thee; 
In all the past, through all our hopes and fears, 

Thy hand we see. 
With each new day, when morning lifts the veil, 
We own Thy mercies, Lord, which never fail. 

God of the past, our times are in Thy hand; 

With us abide. 
Lead us by faith to hope's true Promised Land; 

Be Thcu our guide. 
With Thee to bless, the darkness shines as light, 
And faith's fair vision changes into sight. 

God of the coming years, through paths unknown 

We follow Thee; 
When we are strong, Lord, leave us not alone; 

Our refuge be. 
Be Thou for us in life our Daily Bread, 
Our heart's true Home when all our years have sped. 

—Hugh T. Kerr, 1871-1950 

THE FML-GR1M is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church, Subscription rate: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 


Hew much time do we really have? Can we actually 
number our days that we can be sure of growing to matu- 
rity? We know that life is uncertain, even to those 
who are blest with abundant . health and strength. We 
are living in the time when deaths by accidents are 
common, of everyday occurrence I Jesus says: "My time 
is not yet come, your tine is always ready *" As our 
time of departure is not known to us, we should be al- 
ways ready for that departure* Jesus says, "Therefore 
be ye always ready: for in such an hour as ye think 
not the Son of man cometh." (Matthew 24s 44) "So teach 
us to number our days, that we may apply our hearts 
unto wisdom, " (Psalm 90:12) 

Since We have this knowledge of the conditions of 
the time, it is well to pause from the busy rush in cur 
lives and take stock of ourselves; that should our pur- 
pose in life be not on the right track, the quicker we 
begin to use the time wisely, the better! Our time 
left us here could be very short indeed!, Jesus says 
by James: "For what is your life? It is even as a 
vapour, that appeareth for a little time, and then van- 
isheth away." (James 4? 14) Paul the Apostle had such 
a good outlook in all this, for he wrote: "For whether 
we live, we live unto the Lord; and whether we die, we 
die unto the Lord: whether we life therefore or die, 
we are the Lord's." What a secure and satisfying way 
to livel Though storms may come to try our very souls, 
we are the Lord's, and if we have faith and trust in 
Him we can be assured and know by our own experience 
the words of the apostle: "And we know that all things 
work together for good to them that love God, to them 
who are the called according to His purpose." (Romans 

And regarding this further central fact and condition 
of our lives, let us consider seriously these words cf 


Paul concerning himself that also concern our Christian 
lives: "I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I 
live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in me: and the life 
which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of 
the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself for me," 
(Galatians 2:20) "And they that are Christ's have cru- 
cified the flesh with the affections and lusts," 
(Galatians 5:24) 

When Paul said r, I am crucified with Christ/ 1 he meant 
these very words. The affections and lusts of the world 
were en trial in his life as they should be in our lives. 
This is bearing the cross and a very evidence in our 
lives that God is working in us. And this is on the 
positive side: "For it is God which worketh in you both 
tc will and to do of his good pleasure." (Philippians 
2:13) Then comes the assurance and the good pleasure 
of His love — the solid rock of satisfaction, for we are 
beginning to fit into the purpose that God has intended 
that we can be. We are beginning to experience the 
pleasures of a life that's hid with Christ in God. For 
Jesus says, "If any man will do his will, he shall know 
of the doctrine, whether it be of God, or whether I 
speak of myself." (John 7:17) 

On this new year time may we all give serious study 
of our true condition in the sight of God and take a 
review of our life with the urge to do better by God's 
helping hand* And that means we come to God as He has 
so fully directed, believe to the saving of our souls 
and trust God all the way. Give Him our whole life > 
and fully and truly believe His holy Word. 


Awake my soul: consider well 

The way I go, what I may tell; 
The way of God my course I go; 

What I may do, what I may know, 

I've gone in lifetime quite a way, 
Still pressing on, I cannot stay; 

But I can trust Thy hand to guide 
And evermore be near Thy side. 


Sc coming to another year, 

What do I have to really fear? 
If I but love Thee as I should, 

I know that things will turn out good. 

I cannot see the way ahead , 

So take my hand, that I be led; 
The blind man go, the lame led on 

Till daylight comes and night is gone. 

It seems that as I older grow, 

The way more steep-— I harder go, 
And living in this sinful day 

We have great need to watch and prayl 

Teach us to love Thy Word divine 
And may its precepts in us shine; 

And love this living, dying race, 
For all to Thee will have to face. 

For this my race is nearly done, 

All come to end that have begun; 
I long to see Thee face to face 

And be at Thy grand dwelling place, 

— J, I* Cover 

Sonora, California 


January Is the month when most of our subscriptions 
are due for renewal. We thank those of you who have 
renewed already. For those who are not sure when their 
subscriptions expire, we refer you to the date after 
your name on the envelope of each issue. We cannot 
send individual notices because of mailing regulations* 
The rate is $2.00 per year. However, if you know of 
anyone who might profit by receiving this paper, please 
let us know and we will be glad to send it to them free 
on a trial basis. 

We urge the readers to participate by writing for 
this paper as the Lord leads and by sending selected 
material that has been especially helpful to you. — L.C. 



Probably every Christian has been asked in one way 
or another what is required for salvation . Certainly 
when someone asks this question, he has placed a great 
deal of responsibility on whoever he has asked. First, 
if he is serious, he has demonstrated that the Holy 
Spirit has been convicting him of his past sin. Second- 
ly, he has inferred that the person he has asked is a 
Christian and knows what is required for salvation. The 
question that we as Christians must therefore consider 
is whether we know what to tell such a person who might 
ask us the way to salvation. Our answers should reflect 
those given in the Holy Scriptures — no more and no less* 

Jesus faced this question during His ministry when a 
young man asked, "Good Master, what good thing shall I 
do, that I may have eternal life?" .Jesus answered, 
"... if thou wilt enter into life, keep the command- 
ments. He saith unto him, Which? Jesus said, Thou 
shalt do no murder, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou 
shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, 
Honor thy father and thy mother: and, Thou shalt love 
thy neighbour as thyself. The young man saith unto him, 
All these things have I kept from my youth up: what 
lack I yet? Jesus said unto him, If thou wilt be per- 
fect, go and sell that thou hast, and give to the poor, 
and thou shalt have treasure in heaven: and come and 
follow me." (Matthew 19:16-22) (See also Mark 10:17-22 
and Luke 10:25-37) Two points were made by Jesus to 
the young man. The first involved the keeping of the 
commandments. The second involved placing everything 
in life secondary to following Jesus. 

Certainly, nothing is more important than believing 
on and following Jesus if one would be saved. On the 
day of Pentecost, about three thousand collectively 
asked, "Men and brethren, what shall we do? Then Peter 
said unto them, Repent, and be baptized every one of 
you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of 
sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost." 
(Acts 2:37-38) Before He ascended into heaven, Jesus 
also confirmed the need for belief and baptism: "He 


that believeth and is baptized shall be saved; but he 
that believeth not shall be damned." (Mark 16:16) 
Peter and John also spoke plainly before Annas the high 
priest and the religious rulers of the day: "Neither 
is there salvation in any other: for there is none 
other name under heaven given among men, whereby we 
must be saved." (Acts 4:12) 

Thus far , we have seen that salvation involves re- 
pentance, belief, and baptism. Today there are those 
who play down the importance of baptism. This is dif- 
ficult to understand, for while it is not the baptism 
that saves, the Scripture clearly teaches that God has 
intended for man to be baptized when he comes to the 
Lord. Jesus Himself insisted on being baptized "to 
fulfill all righteousness" and was approved by God 
saying, "This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well 
pleased." (Matthew 3:14-17) Later, when the Holy 
Spirit was poured out on Cornelius and his household, 
Peter 1 s response was, "Can any man forbid water that 
these should not be baptized, which have received the 
Holy Ghost as well as we? And he com manded them to be 
baptized in the name of the Lord*" (Acts 10:47-48) The 
New American Standard translation says he ordered them 
to be baptized c Surely this would leave no doubt as to 
the importance that was placed on baptism. 

One important aspect of salvation mentioned earlier 
is the gift of the Holy Spirit* Peter indicated that 
all who believed, repented, and were baptized would re-* 
ceive the gift of the Holy Spirit. Paul in his letters 
to the Romans indicates that a person must have the 
Holy Spirit indwelling in him to be counted among the 
saved* "Bab ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, 
if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now if 
any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of 
his." (Romans 8:9) Paul also tells about the law of 
the Spirit as opposed to the law of the flesh, "There 
is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in 
Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after 
the Spirit. For the law of the Spirit of life in 
Christ Jesus hath made me free from the law of sin and 
d^th. For what the law could not do, in that it was 


weak through the fleshy God sending his own Son in the 
likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in 
the flesh: That the righteousness of the law might be 
fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh, but after 
the Spirit." (Romans 8:1-4) 

Even though salvation comes by the atoning work of 
Jesus en the cross, there are those who feel they must 
do something in return for it so that they may earn it. 
Paul tells us this is not the case, n That in ages to 
come he might shew the exceeding riches of his grace in 
his kindness toward us through Christ Jesus. For by 
grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of your- 
selves: it is the gift of God: not of works, lest any 
man should boast. " (Ephesians 2:7~9) We should remember 
that there is nothing we have ever done or can ever do 
to earn salvation. It has been given to us by a loving 
Heavenly Father, through the death and resurrection of 
His Son Jesus Christ. 

Having accepted the principle that salvation is free 
by the grace of God, one might still ask, n but aren*t 
there some laws or rules which we must keep in our day 
to day life? M This problem comes up in the early church. 
After Christ* s death, the church was Jewish in character. 
Therefore, when Gentiles began to join the church, the 
question as to whether they should keep the Jewish law 
and be circumcised arose. The question was debated and 
settled at a church council in Jerusalem. The Holy 
Spirit led James to propose that most of the requirements 
of the Jewish law be dropped* Then a letter was sent 
out to the local churches in which it was stated, n For 
it seemed good to the Holy Ghost, and to us, to lay upon 
you no greater burden than these necessary things: That 
ye abstain from meats offered to idols, and from blo©d, 
and from things strangled, and from fornication: from 
which if ye keep yourselves, ye shall do well. Fare ye 
well." (Acts 15:28-29) This was the example set by the 
apostles under the guidance of the Holy Spirit. No 
longer are men bound by tradition, but they are to be 
free through the grace of Jesus Christ and the law of 
the Spirit, 


The question that we mast ask ourselves is this: Lo- 
we give the pure message of salvation to unbelievers, 
or do we have our own ideas and preconditions about 
what a person must do to gain salvation, just as some 
of the early Jewish Christians did? The Holy Scriptures 
must be our guide in this matter. We may not require 
anything of a person who is seeking salvation than what 
has been set down by the Lord Jesus Christ and the Hcly 
Spirit. Let us diligently search our hearts to make 
sure we are giving out the pure gospel, unadorned by 
traditions which may be acceptable as good works when 
done voluntarily but which the Lord would not require 
as a condition for membership in His eternal Church, 

Finally, when talking to unbelievers, let us remem- 
ber the words of Jesus and His invitation: "Come unto 
me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will 
give you rest. Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; 
for I am meek and lowly in heart: and ye shall find • 
rest unto your souls. For my yoke is easy, and my bur- 
den is light," (Matthew 11:28-30) We must also remem- 
ber that when we take Christ *s yoke, we should be will- 
ing to place Him ahead of everything in our life and 
proclaim His word boldly , "And he said unto them all, 
If any man will come after me, let him deny himself, 
and take up his cross daily, and follow me. For whoso- 
ever will save his life shall lose it: but whosoever 
will lose his life for my sake, the same shall save it. 
For what is a man advantaged, if he gain the whole 
world, and lose himself, or be cast away? For whosoever 
shall be ashamed of me and of my words, of him shall 
the Son of man be ashamed, when he shall come in his 
own glory, and in his Father's, and of the holy angels," 
(Luke 9:23-26) 

—Glen W. Shirk, M.D, 

Mcdesto, California 

Watch therefore, for ye know neither the day nor 
the hour wherein the Son of man cometh. 

Matthew 25:13 



Another year is well in the past and we are steadily- 
living into the new one. Have we been reviewing that 
old year? Did we make a few mistakes that year — or 
was it quite a few? And did we learn anythi ng from 

I have heard our ministers say years ago that a 
Christian should be willing to change — to acknowledge 
his Imperfections and mistakes and to learn from them* 
Centuries ago the Lord through the prophet Isaiah called 
on the people of Israel to repent and be washed clean 
from their sins. He told them, "Though your sins be as 
scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; though they be 
red as crimson, they shall be as wool." (Isaiah 1:18) 
At the same time God told them, "Cease to do evil; 
learn to do well." We can make this kind of progress 
only by the help of the Spirit of God. We must have 
God's help or we make the same errors over and over. 

I know a man with a serious physical defect, and to 
use strong drink at all is hard on him and aggravates 
his physical problems. Yet he is lonely and discouraged 
and turns to drink in spite of the suffering it means. 
We probably all know of smokers who would rather con- 
tinue smoking even though it makes them cough and 
damages their lungs. How many little damaging habits 
each of us has, God knows* But when we know them, we 
should be willing to let the Lord help us overcome 

The beginning of a year is a good time to grapple 
with our bad habits. It is a good time to take a fresh 
start, develop good habits and let the Spirit of God 
search us out and show us ourselves. 

One of the most helpful habits we can develop is 
regular Bible study. From God's Word we learn what 
godliness is, what God is like and what He expects of 
us. We learn what Jesus did to save us and what our 
position is in God's sight. Regular prayer is another 
habit that brings divine help into our daily mortal 


The store where I work recently bought a new cash 
register* It is different from the old one and a lot 
better. To use it like we used the old one would mean 
errors and headaches for the bookkeeper. The only^ way to 
learn to use it is to elimanate the old one and concen- 
trate on the new one with its new and better methods. 
Sometimes we forget and slip into the old habits and 
punch the wrong keys. But when we do, we become more 
determined and more able to do it right next time. 

So it is with a new year. If we want this to be a 
better year for us — a year of victory — we must learn 
from the mistakes of the past. We must discard them 
as a year that is past — as an old cash register. Now 
we begin to live with the new year and oufc new resolves 
to do better— to let the Lord lead us daily. By His 
grace and our yielding to His Spirit, we can begin 
good new habits and daily victorious living. "...But 
this one thing I do, forgetting those things which 
are behind, and reaching forth unto those things which 
are before, I press toward the mark for the prize of 
the high calling of God in Christ Jesus." (Philippians 
3:13,14) — L.C, 



Luke 6:30 says, "Give to every man that asketh of 
thee; and of him that taketh away thy goods ask them 
not again." How do these words of Jesus apply to us 


Such clear language needs no interpretation. I see 
at least three areas of its application. 

1. Need . All of the ministries of the Holy Spirit 
are for the needs of our fellowman. They are both seen 
in needs for the body and needs for the soul. Evident- 
ly we are to be sympathetic and quick to react to meet 
the need. As channels of the grace of God, we glorify 
our Father in Heaven by giving to a need. "Freely ye 
have received, freely give." "Such as I have, give I 



2* Persecution , Jesus foresaw and foretold the 
fiery trials which were waiting for His disciples. He 
taught them to trust His Father 1 s daily care, and al- 
ways share the daily blessings. More: Sometimes by 
howling mobs and sometimes by court action, wicked men 
would seize their property and drive them from their 
homes. Having totally committed their lives to their 
Lord j they were to ""rejoice, and be exceeding glad: 
for great is your reward in Heaven." The history of 
the Church is rich in its men and women who gave all 
for Christ , and many sealed their testimony in their 
own blood, 

3- The Judgment Seat of Christ . The time of giving 
account is ahead of all of us. "For we must all appear 
before the judgment seat of Christ." The lives we live 
here must pass before Him. He and His Apostles have 
forewarned us. Jesus even gives us the words we will 
hear in that day: "Inasmuch as ye did it unto the least 
of these my brethren, ye did it unto me." "Inasmuch 
as ye did it not to one of the least of these, ye did 
it not to me." 

We do not know just who are Christ's brethren and 
who are not, but as the Spirit prompts us to give, 
somehow Christ is served in a way known only to Him. 

— James Cover 

Mode sto , California 

Next month 1 s question: 

"Why baptizest thou then, if thou be not that Christ, 
nor Elias, neither that prophet?" (John 1:25) 

Submitted by Daniel F; Wolf 

You are invited to send your comments on this ques- 
tion or send a question of your own to The Pilgrim * 

We were all glad when Brother Clyde and Sister Ruth 

Flora joined our fellowship in the Indiana congregation 

on November 17. _* 

— Elmer Brovont 



Bro, Abraham Cassel is fond of speaking of some of 
the German Pietists as pathfinders for the Brethren, 
If we understand the term to mean men who broke away 
from dogmatic theology and exalted individual experience 
as the test of Christian excellence, he is correct. If 
by the term we mean men whose teachings were instrumen- 
tal in forming the congregation we have only a half 
truth. If by the term we mean men who shaped the pur- 
pose and directed the organization we are wholly wrong. 
Neither Catholic, nor Protestant, nor Pietist, did that. 
The church was the joint product of Bible study and 
protest against all existing forms of worship. 

Among the Pietists who did yearn for a better day 
and a purer faith combined with a holy life was 


He was born in Alsace, January 13, 1635, and died in 
Berlin, February 5, 1705. He advocated a system of per- 
sonal and practical piety and taught that "Christianity 
is first of all life, and the strongest proof of the 
truth of its doctrine is to be found in the religious 
experience of the believer," Hence to Spener only per- 
sons inspired by the Holy Ghost could understand the 
Scriptures. His influence upon Alexander Mack was re- 
mote and indirect, 


He was born in Lubeck, March 23, 1663, and died June 
8, 1727. He is chiefly known as the founder of a char- 
itable institution at Halle for the education of poor 
children and orphans, which early became widely known 
for its good worko It is known as "das Hallische 
Waisenhaus," The missionary department of this orphan- 
age sent Rev, Henry Melchior Muhlenberg, the founder of 
the American Lutheran Church, to Pennsylvania. Francke 
was a successful pastor at Glaucha, a suberb of Halle, 
In 1694 he became Professor of Oriental Languages, and, 
later, of Theology at Halle University. From Halle the 
Bible was issued in the German Language. Numerous 


editions were published, one of which, the 34th, is the 
basis of the text of the Saur Bible of Germantown in 



A Lutheran clergyman and well-known writer in Mystic 
Theology, born September 5, 1666, at Annaberg, Saxony, 
was the author of numerous works that influenced the 
thought of the early Brethren. He was a Theological 
student at Wittenberg and a follower of Spener. He was 
Professor of Church History at Giessen, and, after suc- 
cessive pastorates at Werben and Berleberg, was made 
court historian to Frederic I, founder of Halle Univer- 
sity. He wrote a widely-known history of religious be- 
Impartial History of the Church and of Heretics, pub- 
lished in 1699 > and a later work, SOPHIA, or the 
MYSTERIES OF DIVINE WORSHIP, largely influenced the more 
mystical part of the German emigrants to America; nota- 
bly the founder of the Ephrata Society, Conrad Beissel, 
who was from 1724 to 1?28 an Elder in the GERMAN BAPTIST 
BRETHREN CHURCH. A third work of Arnold's, A GENUINE 
by the founders of the church of the German Baptist 
Brethren, From it Alexander Mack in A PLAIN VIEW OF 
page 18, edition of 1888, to show that infant baptism 
does not date beyond the second century after the birth 
of Christ; and again on the question of laying the ban 
upon such as eat blood Alexander Mack quotes from the 
same work of Arnold. (See above edition, p, 54) Arnold 
advocated most of the doctrines held by Hochmann and 
adopted by Mack; such as non-swearing, trine immersion, 
baptism of adults only, feet-washing, the salutation, 
anointing, and non-resistance. 


Alexander Mack in discussing immersion says, n The 
command to baptize properly signifies, according to the 
Greek word, TO IMMERSE, and it has been so translated 
by Jeremias Felbinger, and many others. " Felbinger was 
born in Brieg, Silesia, in 1616. He was fifty years 


earlier than Arnold and largely influenced the latter 
in his interpretation of Scriptures. He was Superin- 
tendent of Schools at Coszlin in Pomerania, and later 
he formed associations by letter with Dr. Grossen, 
Superintendent at Colberg, Dr. Pelargo and others. 
Later at Amsterdam he was so poor that, notwithstanding 
his great learning , he gained a meager livelihood as a 
proof reader in a large printing establishment. As 
early as 1660 he translated the New Testament literally 
into German. He was conversant with Holland, Latin, 
Greek, German, and Hebrew, and wrote or translated into 
these different languages. His principal work, so far 
as relates to the Brethren, is his CHRISTIAN HAND BOOK 
or CHRISTLICHES HANDBUCHLEIN. The volume in seven chap- 
ters treats of Man's Apostasy and Reconciliation; of the 
Admission of Immature Children into the Visible Church; 
of Holy Baptism; of Church Discipline; of Feet Washing 
as an ordinance of the Church; of the Holy Supper; and 
of the Problem of the Oath. 

He shows that the Kingdom of Grace established by 
Christ reconciles all who will to be reconciled; that 
children are saved by the death of Christ and do not 
need to be baptized; that baptism means immersion; that 
feet-washing is commanded in the Holy Scriptures; and 
fails in discussing the Holy Supper to distinguish be- 
tween the Lord's Supper and the Communion. He argues 
against the Oath; and. in general, touches most of the 
fundamental doctrines of the Church of the Brethren. 

— History of the Brethren , 1899 

ERNST CHRISTOPH HOCHMANN is the last person named 
under the above title of "Pietistic Pathfinders" in 
Histor y of the Brethren . There is a lenthy account of 
his life and association with Alexander Mack, before 
the Brethren or "Tunker" Church was organized at 
Schwarzenau in 17 08. In our next issue we intend to 
give some account of both Hochmann and Mack before 
1708. — D.F.W. 


NOW is the only time we have; 
We gave to God our past. 
The future He controls; 
Our life will not forever last. 

i Then savour every hour; ; 

Enjoy a conscience clear. \ 

The time to live is NOW — | 

This day, this month , this present year. 

Your life will be more full, 
The present be more dear, 
The past forgiven and forgot. 
The future void of needless fear. 

Then thank the Lord for all, 
And take what comes in stride; 
He 1 11 give you strength for NOW 
Though you be sorely tempted, tried. 

—Guy Hootman 

Heirs of the P romise 3 a booklet by Daniel F. Wolf 
is still available « This is worthwhile reading on the 
subject of the purposes of God regarding Israel and 
the Church of Jesus Christ. Single copy: 154 

Also available (without charge) are the following 
pamphlets by the same author: 

The Old Test ament S abbath and The New Testament 
Lord* s Day . 

Biblical Separation . 

Christian Attire . 

The Drawing of the Father and The New Birth . 
Send to: THE PILGRIM Rt. 5, Box 874, Sonora, Cal. 95370 
cr Daniel F. Wolf 3561 McDonald Ave. Modesto, Cal. 95351 

CHILDREN'S PAGE (Continued) 

we will not be deceived by Satan. Jesus can be our ■ 
"rainbow in the sky 11 — a promise to us that if we live 
for Him, He will bless us with eternal life. 

— Rudy Cover 


CHIUm'S PAGE Genes . s 8:20 ^ 22; 

When Noah and his family came out of the ark *n dry- 
land they were glad and thankful that God had been so 
good to them. And Noah built an altar and offered burnt 
offerings to the Lord, God smelled the burnt offerings 
and it pleased Him that Noah remembered to thank Him for 
saving them from the flood of waters. So God made a 
promise to Noah. God said, "I will not again curse the 
ground for man's sake; neither will I smite every living 
thing as I have done. While the earth remaineth, seed- 
time and harvest , and cold and heat, and summer and 
winter , and day and night shall not cease." 

God told Noah that the animals and the plants that 
grew would be for man to eat but that mankind should 
never kill one another. If they did, they themselves 
would have to die for doing such a thing. 

And God said that never again would He destroy the 
earth with a flood. The promise that God promised Noah 
was called a covenant or an agreement between God and 
Noah and his sons. So that man would remember this 
promise God put a rainbow in the sky. We all know what 
a rainbow is, and we have seen them many times. The 
colors are very beautiful indeed, and every time we see 
the rainbow we should remember how good God is and that 
He has promised never to bring a flood upon the earth 
again to destroy it by water. 

What a big world it must have seemed to Noah and his 
sons. To realize that the earth was theirs to use, 
that there were no enemies to molest them. The best cf 
soil was theirs to till, and God was their friend and 
would help them. What a blessing was given to them. 
Yet, it wasn't many years till man again began to d© 
things not pleasing to God. Man did have an enemy, and 
that enemy was the same one that was in the Garden of 
Eden. It was Satan, the devil, who had deceived Eve 
witli a lie in the beginning. Satan is still around — 
even today — and is causing man to sin whenever he can. 
If we stay close to Jesus, believe and live by His Word, 

(Continued on page 15) 


VOL, 21 FEBRUARY, 1974 MP. 2 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the sou\" 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


Jesus! when my soul is parting 
From this body frail and weak, 

And the deathly dew is starting 

Down this pale and wasted cheek — . 

Thine /my Saviour, 
Be the name I last shall speak, 

Jesus I When my memory wanders 
Far from loved ones at my side, 

And in fitful dreaming ponders 
Who are they that near me glide — 

Last, my Saviour, 
Let my thoughts on Thee abide. 

When the morn in all its glory 
Charms no more mine, ear nor eye, 

And the shadows closing o f er me 
Warn me of the time to die — 

Last, my Saviour, 
Let me see Thee standing by. 

When my feet shall pass the river, 

And upon the farther shore 
I shall walk, redeemed forever — 

Ne*er to sin, to die no more; 
First, Lord Jesus, 

Let me see Thee, and adore. 

— Thomas Mackellar 

Selected by Susie Wagner 


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The doctrine of Christian separation from the world 
is clearly set forth in the Holy Scriptures. In Romans 
Paul states: "I beseech you therefore, brethren, by 
the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a liv- 
ing sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your 
reasonable service. And be not conformed to this world; 
but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, 
that ye may prove what is that good, and acceptable, 
and perfect, will of God." (Romans 12:1-2) If we are 
to be separate, just what does this involve? Let us 
examine what the Scriptures have to tell us about the 
conduct of a Christian that makes him distinctive and 
separate . 

The people of God have always been called to be sep- 
arate. The Lord told Moses to tell the children of 
Israel, "Now therefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed, 
and keep my covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treas- 
ure unto me above all people: for all the earth is mine: 
and ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests, and an 
holy nation." (Exodus 19:6-6) The Israelites were also 
told, "For thou art an holy people unto the Lord thy 
God, and the Lord hath chosen thee to be a peculiar 
people unto himself, above all the nations that are 
upon the earth." (Deuteronomy 14:2) Deuteronomy 26:18 
also states "And the Lord hath avouched thee this day 
to be his peculiar people. . ." As we have already 
seen, this call to be a separate, peculiar people was 
also given to the followers of Jesus under the new cove- 
nant. No longer is the call to be separate to Israel 
alone, but to the Gentiles who would believe and follow 
Jesus as well, Paul, in his letter to Titus, states, 
"For the grace of God that bringeth salvation hath ap- 
peared to all men, teaching us that, denying ungodliness 
and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, 


and godly, in this present world; looking for that 
blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great 
God and our Saviour Jesus Christ; who gave himself for 
us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and puri- 
fy unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good 
works*" (Titus 2:11-14) 

Thus far we have established the principle of separa- 
tion of God^s people from the world. In so doing, we 
have learned that we are to be "transformed by the re- 
newing of the mind", to "deny ungodliness", and to "live 
soberly, righteously, and godly". Of these, the key is 
to be transformed by the renewing of the mind, for if 
this truly happens all else will follow. How do we 
transform our minds? Romans 8 speaks of the power of 
the Spirit to transform lives. "For as many as are led 
by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God," (Romans 
8:14) "Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he 
is none of his." (Romans 8:9) Therefore, to be trans- 
formed, we must give ourselves over to Christ and allow 
the Holy Spirit to lead us. This gives us the basic 
principle of separation from the world, namely, the 
Christian is distinct and peculiar in that he is filled 
with the Holy Spirit. A Christen is thus different 
because the Spirit dwelling in him is in control of his 

What are some of the signs that a person has been 
transformed? First and foremost is that each brother 
and sister willingly submit to God's order, Paul 
teaches that "... the head of every man is Christ; 
and the head of the woman is the man; and the head of 
Christ is God." (I Corinthians llr3) This clearly 
teaches that God's line of authority is God, Christ, 
man, woman. In a Christian family, Christ is the head* 
However, it is each brother's responsibility to see that 
he (while being in subjection to Christ) is bringing up 
his family "in the nurture and adwonition of the Lord." 
(Ephesians 6:4) The key to this is love. Paul says, 
"Husbands, love your wives, even as Christ also loved 
the church, and gave himself for it." (Ephesians 5:25) 
I realize that in Ephesians 6:4 Paul is talking about 


a man's relation to his children and in 5:25 his rela- 
tion to his wife, but surely the key to both is love, 
through the Holy Spirit. 

How wonderful it is that Christian women are not con- 
cerned about women's liberation and the fading pleas- 
ures of the world, but have submitted themselves to 
God ! s order* This, no doubt, is one of the reasons 
that God warned the children of Israel concerning the 
Canaanites, "Neither shalt thou make marriages with 
them; thy daughter thou shalt not give unto his son, 
nor his daughter shalt thou take unto thy son, for they 
will turn away thy son from following me, that they may 
serve other gods. . ." (Deuteronomy 7:3-4) This warning 
is brought to us today by Paul: "Be ye not unequally 
yoked together with unbelievers: for what fellowship 
hath righteousness with unrighteousness? and what com- 
munion hath light with darkness? and what concord hath 
Christ with Belial? or what part hath he that believeth 
with an infidel? and what agreement hath the temple of 
God with idols? for. ye are the temple of the living God; 
as God hath said, I will dwell in them, and walk in 
them; and I will be their God, and they shall be my peo- 
ple. Wherefore come flirt from among them, and be ye sep- 
arate, saith the Lord, and touch not the unclean thing 
. . ." (II Corinthians 6:14-17) This is important be- 
cause marriage is the closest union two people can have. 
Jesus himself said, "They twain shall be one flesh," 
(Matthew 19:5) Please notice the question, "What part 
hath he that believeth with an Infidel?" What is an in- 
fidel? According to Webster's Dictionary, an infidel is 
one who does not follow the religion that is prevailing, 
in this case, Christianity. Therefore, every non- 
Christian is an infidel, and as such, should not be 
joined in marriage to a Christian brother or sister. 
Lest the application of the above Scripture be consid- 
ered too narrow, we should also consider it in other 
facets of our life, such as business partnerships. 

At this point it should be made clear that in being 
called tc be separate, we are not called to turn our 
backs completely on unbelievers. Consider Paul's in- 
structions to the Corinthians: "I wrote unto you in 


an epistle not to company with fornicators: yet not al- 
tcgether with the fornicators of this world, or with 
the covetous , or extortioners, or with idolators; for 
then must ye needs go out of the world* But now I have 
written unto you not to keep company, if any man that 
is called a brother be a fornicator, or covetous, or an 
idolator, or a railer, or a drunkard, or an extortioner; 
with such an one no not to eat/' (I Corinthians 5:9-11) 
This tells us that we are not even to eat with a so- 
called brother who is a partaker of these sins, but rec- 
ognizes that If we refused to speak to unbelievers we 
would have to n go out of the world 11 ♦ The important 
point in separation from the world is not to partake in 
the sins which the world has to offer. This was the 
example given to us by Christ. He led a sinless life, 
refusing to become involved In sin, but not in the sin- 
ner. Indeed, If we would not speak to unbelievers, how 
could we expect to carry out His command, n Go ye there- 
fore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name 
of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost 
♦ * J' (Matthew 28:19) 

How will the world know we are transformed? What 
outward sign does the Christian have that marks him as 
being peculiar and distinct? Jesus said, "By this 
shall all men know that ye are my disciples, if ye have 
love one to another." (John 13:35) Love, then, is the 
outward mark of a Christian. It is a sign that he is 
filled with the Spirit, It is not natural for a person 
to love everyone — yet Jesus said, "Love your enemies, 
bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate 
you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and 
persecute you." (Matthew 5:44) Only the Holy Spirit 
can give a man true love such as Christ asked of us. 

John has written much about love. From his writings 
we get the same message — love is a distinct feature of 
the Christian. "Beloved, let us love one another; for 
love is of God; and every one that loveth is born of 
God, and knoweth God, He that loveth not knoweth not 
God; for God is love." (I John 4:7-8) "Beloved, if God 
so loved us, we ought also to love one another." (I John 
4:11) "If we love one another, God dwelleth in us, and 


his love is perfected in us," (I John 4:12) These are 
but a few examples which teach us the importance ©f love 
in our lives as Christians. 

Over the years the brethren have placed a great deal 
of emphasis on separation from the world. We should 
thank God for this, as it is not only Biblical , but 
necessary if we are to be among the redeemed. May the 
Lord continue to preserve this doctrine among us as 
Christian believers 9 and may we continue to show that 
we are a peculiar people, transformed by the renewing 
of our minds with the fillings of the indwelling Holy 
Spirit. May we continue to be distinct, wearing the 
outward mark which is "unfeigned love of the brethren" 
and loving one another "with a pure heart fervently", 
(I Peter 1:22) for if these distinctive marks of love 
and the indwelling Holy Spirit are not present, every- 
thing else we may do to be separate for God is in vain. 

"But ye are a chosen generation, a royal 
priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar 
people; that ye should shew forth the 
praises of him who hath called you cut 
of darkness into his marvellous light." 
(I Peter 2:9) 

—Glen W. Shirk M.D. 
Modesto, California 


Poor? No, of course not I Why, how could I be, 
When Christ, the King, is taking care of me? 
Tired? Sometimes; — yes, more than tired; but then 
I know a place where I can rest againl 
Lonely? Ah, well I know the aching blight; 
But now I've got Jesus with me day and night i 
Burdens? I have them; oft they press me sore, 
And then I lean. the harder, trust the more. 
Worthy? Oh, ho! The marvel of it is 
That I should know such boundless love as His I 
And so I'm rich; with Christ I am "joint heir", 
Since He once stooped my poverty to share. 

By Edith Lillian Young Selected by Herman Royer 



"Be careful for nothing; but in everything by prayer 
and supplication with thanksgiving let your requests be 
made known unto God*" (Philippians 4:6) 

"Casting all your care upon him; for he careth for 
you." (I Peter 5r7) 

I think probably one of the hardest things to do in 
all our Christian life is to be able to completely and 
without reservations trust the Lord with our problems 
and keep our own hands off. We seem to think we still 
have to worry over them and make suggestions to Him as 
to how He can best solve them. And we nearly always 
think He isn T t doing it fast enough I No matter how 
many victories we have won over this weakness and no 
matter hew many times we have seen the Lord work in a 
wonderful way in our life, each time a new burden or 
problem confronts us we seem to have to fight the battle 
all over again to be able to "Rest in the Lord and wait 
patiently for Him," How true: the spirit is willing, 
but the flesh is certainly weak. 

It reminds me of a story told about one of our little 
grandchildren. His parents were unloading some firewood 
and stacking it in the garage to protect it from the 
weather. Naturally the little boy wanted to help, too* 
So he went running to get a piece of wood. But instead 
of picking up a small piece that he could have carried 
easily, he insisted on picking up a very large piece, 
at least large for him. And of course, as it was much 
toe big and heavy for him, he kept dropping it on his 
toes and then would cry pathetically and get very upset 
about it. But when his daddy earnestly tried to get him 
to give the big load to him to carry, he stubbornly re- 
fused and kept on struggling and dropping it and crying 
because it was so hard for him. Now isn't this about 
the way it is with us when we have a load too heavy to 
carry but refuse to give it up to Jesus who so plainly 
and lovingly tells us He will carry our burdens for us? 
We are so human and earthbound. 

At first when a strange and heavy trial comes upon us 
it weighs us down until we think we simply cannot bear 


it. But little by little as we are able to lean more 
fully on the Savior and trust Him to help us carry It, 
one day we suddenly realize that instead of a crushing 
boulder on our back it has become a stepping stone un- 
der our feet to lift us up a little higher. And this 
is the way we ascend the path of life, a little higher 
each day, turning our troubles into stepping stones ♦ 
And little by little we know our Lord a little better 
and our relationship grows a little sweeter and more 

In looking back over my past life I can honestly say 
there hasn*t been a single one of the hard times that 
hasn't been good for me and I have been blessed by it. 

There is a song that- has a message that has been a 
wonderful help to me in learning to rest my burdens in 
the Lord. The one line that says so much to me is this: 

"I don't need to understand, 
I just need to hold His hand. 11 

What a rest for the soul to realize we don't have to be 
able to understand the why or how , we just have to trust 
Him and let Him carry it and work in His own time. 

I can T t help but think that when we reach the end of 
this earthly journey and if in that last moment we have 
the opportunity to look back over the long years behind 
us that often seemed so heartbreaking; surely our hearts 
will overflow with joy and thankfulness for every heart- 
ache and burden and they will seem very precious to us 
because truly Jesus led us all the way I 

— Vera Miller 

Tuolumne, California 


The Salida congregation have agreed, the Lord wil- 
ling, to hold our spring Love Feast on March 30 and 31 
of this year. A hearty invitation and welcome is ex- 
tended to members and friends to attend. 

—Daniel F. Wolf 



"Why baptize st thou then, if thou be not that Christ, 
nor Elias, neither that prophet?" (John 1:25) 


The reason for this question to be asked is because 
of unbelief. The prophets spoke clearly of who he was, 
and what his mission was. (Isaiah 40:3 and Malachi 3:1) 
Also the angel in bringing to Zacharias the news of his 
birth, said, ' n And he shall go before him in the spirit 
and power of Elias, to turn the hearts of the fathers 
to the children, and the disobedient to the wisdom of 
the just; to make ready a pe ople prep ared for the Lord ." 

John, in speaking for himself, said, "I am the voice 
of one crying in the wilderness, Make straigh t the way 
of the Lord , as said the prophet Isaiah. I indeed bap- 
tize you with water unto repentance, but he that cometh 
after me is mightier than I, whose shoes I am not worthy 
to bear j he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost, and 
with fire." 

In light of these Scriptures, the reason for John's 
baptism was to prepare people to receive the Holy Ghost, 
We can rejoice that there were some ready to receive 
the Holy Ghost at the onset of Christ 1 s ministry. 

This message is still out, as Peter said on the day 
of Pentecost, "Repent, and be baptized, every one of 
you, in the name of Jesus Ghrist for the remission of 
sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost." 

— Kenneth Martin 
Nappanee, Indiana 

John baptized because God sent him to do this in 
order to identify or reveal "The Lamb of God which tak- 
eth away the sin of the world." 

Those who asked this question were of the Pharisees. 
Jesus said these were hypocrites and children of the 
devil. Luke says they trusted in themselves that they 
were righteous and despised others. They themselves 
accused John of having a devil, and rejected the counsel 


of God against themselves by refusing his baptism. The 
great crowds who came to John naturally posed a grave 
threat to the Pharisees 1 status as religious leaders. 

Hence I would conclude that they were not so much 
concerned with his baptism as with challenging his 
authority in hope of eliminating a rival. 

The question indicates that the Pharisees under- 
stood that something like this was to take place. 

— Harold G. Royer 
Goshen, Indiana 

Next month 1 s quest ion r 

What do these words of Jesus mean to us? (Matthew 
5:29) "And if thy right eye offend thee, pluck it out, 
and cast it from thee; for it is profitable for thee 
that one of thy members should perish, and not that 
thy whole body should be cast into hell." Also verse 30. 

Submitted by Kenneth Martin 

You are invited to send your comments on this ques- 
tion or send a question of your own to The Pilgrim . 


Income tax time will soon be here. Once again all 
people in this country will be called on to pay to the 
government a percentage of their earnings for 1973. 
Perhaps this is not just like the tribute money paid 
by the Israelites to the Roman government, but in a 
way it Is similar. 

The Israelites of New Testament times hated to pay 
the tax to the Romans. They likely avoided it when 
they could. They despized the publicans who collected 
it. And perhaps they thought that all good Israelites 
would refuse to pay if they could get by with it. 
Money was big to them. They came to Jesus with this 
question and thought they could "entangle Him in His 
talk." But we should notice that Jesus pointed them 
to a greater, weightier matter of duty and service. 


"What thinkest thou? 11 they asked, "Is it lawful to 
give tribute unto Caesar, or not?" Jesus knew they 
were trying to tempt Him and He answered them with some 
of the grandest , simplest logic found anyplace. "Shew 
me the tribute money. " When they brought a penny He 
asked them, "Whose is this image and superscription?" 
They answered, "Caesar 1 s." Then Jesus spoke those 
words that endure as a standard for us today: "Render 
therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar* s; 
and unto God the things that are God's," 

What is more reasonable than to give to Caesar that 
which bears his image? What then is the part we are 
to render to God? What is it that bears His Image? 
Genesis 1:27 says, "So God created man in his own image, 
in the image of God created he him,.," So it is our- 
selves that we are to render to God. Romans 12:1 
speaks of the body as a living sacrifice. When we 
make such a sacrifice to God we can be conformed to 
the image of His Son (Romans 8:29) even as by the 
Spirit of the Lord. (II Corinthians 3:18) He has re- 
deemed us for this very purpose. 

Perhaps it goes hard for us to pay high taxes to a 
wasteful government. We may think we can use the money 
in a better way. But if Jesus told the Jews to pay 
tribute to a government that despised them and later 
persecuted the Church, we should gladly support one 
that allows us so much freedom. 

In this age of political confusion, Christians still 
owe three things to the nation and its leaders: 1. 
Willing payment of taxes, (The govermment asks justice 
here — not more nor less that what is ours to pay by 
law.) 2. Obedience to laws, (Romans 13:1) recognizing 
the Supreme Lawgiver as the final authority even over 
governments. 3. Earnest prayer and giving of thanks 
for our rulers. (See I Timothy 2:1-3) 

"Render therefore to all their dues: tribute to whom 
tribute is due; custom to whom custom; fear to whom 
fear; honour to whom honour." (Romans 13:7) We are in- 
debted to our government, but we owe God a far greater 
debt (our very lives) which we should render as regular- 
ly and as literally as we pay our taxes. — L.C. 



Alexander Mack was born at Schriesheim, Germany July 
27, 1679. According to the History "Schwartezenau 
Yesterday and Today", by Lawrence W* Shultz, 1954j he 
was the youngest child of a family of eight children 
(four boys and four girls) , of Johann Philipp Mack, son 
of George Mack, and great grandson of Ebert Mack who 
bought a mill in Schriesheim about 1560 and became the 
ancestor of a family of mill owners in and around 
Schriesheim* Alexander was married to Margaretha Kling 
January 18, 17 01, who was one of the three sisters in 
the original organization- at Schwartzenau in 1708* His 
father and his father-in-law were both members of the 
local town council and also held senior offices in the 
local church which was of the orthodox Calvinistic 

One year after Mack was married his mother died, and 
at the same time his father, who had been in poor health 
for about ten years, divided his possessions to his four 
children who were still living. It is said that the 
legal document of this transfer is still to be found in 
the local town records, Alexander and his brother Jacob 
each received a half interest in the mill owned by their 
father, for their share of the estate. 

It is generally recognized that Alexander Mack was 
the leader of the eight persons (five brethren and three 
sisters) who organized the Brethren or "Tunker" Church 
in Schwartzenau in 1708. These eight persons were part 
of a larger group of about fifty who fraternized and 
worshiped together before 1?08, under the leadership of 
Ernst Christoph Hochmann, a Pietest preacher who trav- 
eled over much of Germany preaching his pietistic doc- 

It is said that Mack became acquainted with Hochmann, 
who was about ten years older, as early as 1705;, and 
possibly before that time. And when on March 5* 1706 
he sold his share of the mill to his brother Jacob, he 
reserved for himself a kitchen and a "great room" for 
ten years. This rl room n became the meeting place in 1706 


for Hochmann and a number of his followers from Mannheim 
and Heidleberg, It is said that Mack's father was much 
grieved by the religious activities of his son, outside 
of the regular orthodox church, and it was thought by 
some that it hastened his death* But his father-in-law, 
although he held- a senior office in the local church, 
was dissatisfied with the cold formalism of the State 
church, and also, took part in the meetings with Hochmann 
in Mack' s-mill* 

It will be recalled that M. G. Brumbaugh in "History 
of the Brethren" says that the Westphalia treaty, 1648, 
at the close of the ! ! 30 years war", only recognized 
three churches, viz. the Catholic, Reformed, and Luther- 
an; which were all state churches^-and any who dissented 
from their ecclesiastical decrees, were excommunicated 
and subject to arrest and punishment by the state au- 
thorities, - 

Thus it is said that when "the meeting" in Mack's 
mill became known to the local government, they tried 
to arrest them in August 170.6, but all escaped. And in 
October 1706, Mack sold all his possessions in Schries- 
heim and moved with his wife and family to Schwartzenau 
where liberty was granted to the. Pietists to continue 
their meetings and worship. 

Brumbaugh says that "the- new congregation at 
Schwartzenau studied .all denominations, and knew all 
shades of faith, and then turned from Ecclesiasticism 
and Pietism alike to carve out* a new and distinct order 
of faith and practice f " To understand the meaning of 
these terms better^, and why Mack and his associates 
separated from the pietists, we will give here in a con- 
densed form some extracts of a lengthy account in 
"History of the Brethren" of the Pietist Hochmann, 

More than all others conbined did Ernst Christcph 
Hochmann influence the mind and conduct of the founder 
of the Church of the German Baptist Brethren (or Tunkers), 

A careful study of his life and teachings will un- 
questionably reveal the atmosphere in which the spirit 
of Mack was stimulated and guided in the organization 
of a separate and unique band of believers. . . He was 
born about 1670, and was the son of a customs officer 


of Sachsen-Lauenberg. His father was of a distinguished 
noble family, who, in his later years, settled at 
Nernberg, where as a citizen and as Secretary of War 
he passed his closing years, . * 

Ernst was brought up in the Lutheran faith. His 
mother and his godfathers were, however, Catholics , At 
an early age he went to Halle to hear the celebrated 
Thomasius lecture on law, At Halle Hochmann was "awak- 
ened 11 by August Hermann Franke, a pupil of Spener, In 
1693 he was arrested and expelled from Halle because of 
his testimony for Jesus Christ and his strictures upon 
the state religions, • . 

In 1697 he came to Giessen and became associated with 
Gottfried Arnold and other like-minded ones, notably 
Dippel, Here Hochmann was drawn into a new religious 
order and became more emphatic in his hostility to all 
the creed-centered churches of the state, , . 

While at Frankfort he issued an earnest exhortation 
in an open letter to the Jews, urging them to seek con- 
version in view of the immediate second advent of the 
Lord, In the synagogue he delivered such earnest and 
impassioned prayers that the Jews fell to weeping and 
moaning, and some took Hochmann to be a Jew, Many of 
them followed him, and for their approaching conversion 
they sang with him a hymn he composed for the occasion— 
"Wenn endlich, etc." 

Hochmann, however, soon learned that the conversion 
of the Jews was the hardest of all works of Christian 
charity, Gichtel in 1702 wrote : "The dear Hochmann 
will at last come to know himself; Good intentions often 
deceive us. Without the spirit of God we cannot accom- 
plish anything before the appointed time. I have also 
labored to convert the Jews and I know that God's time 
is different from our own-.-" 

Then he turned his whole attention to the destruction 
of the organized sectarian churches. He regarded them 
as Babel, and labored to gather the believing ones into 
closer unity. If he did not absolutely insist upon the 
awakened ones leaving the church, he yet alway preferred 
that they should, from a most pronounced inward desire, 
sever their connection completely from the State 


churches. He warned all those who had gone forth from 
Babel not to return to it, etc* 

Many other interesting things might be written about 
the Pietist Hochmann, but this is sufficient to show 
the nature of Pietism; and of its "Church in the Spirit 
Only" doctrine , i.e. it did not see the visible church, 
and consequently could find no place in its system for 
the outward church ordinances, which the New Testament 
so plainly teaches. It can readily be seen why this 
opposition to organized religion. It was- & reaction to 
the organized state religions which were cold and spir- 
itless and yet assumed an ecclesiastical authority which 
persecuted those who sought a living faith and connec- 
tion with Christ their Lord. 

Thus Hochmann 1 s exhortations to his followers to a 
deep and prayerful study of the Scriptures, and loving 
obedience to the same, led Mack and his followers to 
see, not only the invisible, but also the visible Church 
and body of Christ, and that the New Testament teaches 
that there must be sufficient organization or corpora- 
tion of the members of the body of Christ to exercise 
the Church discipline which Christ and the Apostles 
taught, and to practice the outward ordinances of the 
Church which are a visible sign of an inward reality. 
And when those eight persons under the leadership of 
Alexander Mack began to see the Pietists, with all their 
sincerity and good intentions, failing to embrace all 
of the New Testament teaching concerning the Church and 
that they were beginning to disintegrate .and go their 
separate ways, because of this, they determined to ob- 
tain what was lacking among the Pietists, and undertook 
by the Grace of God to organize a New Testament Church; 
free of both ecclesiasticism, and the error of the 
Pietists.. —Daniel F. Wolf 

(CHILDREN- 1 S PAGE CONTINUED) suddenly spoke a different 
language? They became so disgusted with one another 
that they went in every direction to get away from so 
many crazy people. "So the Lord scattered them abroad 
from thence upon the face of the whole earth: and they 
left off to build the city." —Rudy Cover 

16 ." . THE PILGRIM 

A CITY AND A TOWER Genesis 11:1-9 

Noah lived 150 years after the flood and died, God 
told Noah and his sons to be fruitful and multiply and 
replenish the earth. It wasn't many years till there 
were many people on the earth, and they all spoke one 
language. Today we have many languages. Why do you 
suppose that people today don't all speak the same 
language like they once did? 

The people of the earth began to move toward the west 
until they came to a plain in the land called "Shinar". 
This "was located in a country later called " Babylonia*' 
and is where the country of Iraq is today. The plain of 
Shinar was for many centuries perhaps the most fertile 
region on earth. The land was very rich and produced 
excellent crops. The descendants of Noah who lived there 
were very much like people today. When they found land 
that produced well and they could make an easy living, 
that is where they wanted to be. This plain was very 
large but it soon became overpopulated with people. 

Because this was such a good place to live and nobody 
wanted to leave, somebody got the idea of building a 
city. And they said, "Let us build us a city and a tower, 
whose top may reach unto heaven; and let us make us a 
name, lest we be scattered abroad upon the face of the 
whole earth* " Now God had told Noah to replenish the 
earth but the people had it so good that they just didn't 
want to move out. 

When the Lord came down and saw the city and the tower 
He was much displeased. Here was a people that aspired 
to learn about heaven in their own way— maybe they wanted 
to learn more about the stars. We really don't know how 
far developed these people were, but God said if they 
continued that nothing would be restrained from them 
which they had imagined to do. We wonder what God thinks 
of people today — trying to conquer space, searching for 
new worlds, landing on the moon* 

And God said, "Let us go down, and there confound 
their language, that they may not understand one anoth- 
er's speech." Can you imagine how it would be if everyone 

("Continued on page 15) 


VOL. 21 MARCH, 1974 NO. 3 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


If I would be a child' of God, 

I surely must obey His word; 

With cheerful heart and willing mind, 

To all His precepts be inclined. 

The last great feast-time having come 
Before our Lord was going home — 
Adorned in humbleness complete, 
He washed His twelve disciples 1 feet. 

Then, seated in their midst again, 
This new example to explain, 
He taught them how to understand, 
And to observe this plain command: 

"Ye call Me Lord and Master, true, 
For so I am." Then ought ye, too, 
Be of a meek and lowly mind; 
In sweet obedience pleasure find. 

"If I, your Lord, have seen it meet 
To stoop and wash My brethren's feet, 
• No greater than your Lord are ye; 

Then in this act do follow Me." 


Dear Lord, well gladly follow Thee: 
We come in deep humility; 
Oh, bless us now while here we meet, 
Thy will to do in washing feet. 

blessed Redeemer 1 Thou who hast died for me, 
Whatever Thy will may be, dear Lord, III! gladly 
follow Thee. _Lydia A Forney 

THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate; $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 


Some authentic testimonies from the earliest Chris- 
tian writers j how the Church observed the first day of 
the week for a day of assembly and worship in the first 
and second centuries A.D. 

edition, vol. 1, pp. 122-3, says: 

" Since then there was such a variety in 
the ritual and discipline of the primitive 
churches, it must be very difficult to give 
such an account of the worship, manners, and 
institutions of the ancient Christians, as 
will agree with what was practiced in all 
those countries where the Gospel flourished. 
There are, notwithstanding, certain laws, 
whose authority and obligation were universal 
and indispensible among all Christians, and 
of these we shall here give a brief account: 

"All Christians were unanimous in setting 
apart the first day of the week, on which the 
triumphant Saviour rose form the dead, for 
the solemn celebration of public worship. 
This pious custom, which was derived from the 
example of the church of Jerusalem, was founded 
upon the express appointment of the apostles, 
who consecrated that day to the same sacred 
purpose, and was observed universally through- 
out all the Christian churches, as appears 
from the united testimonies of the most cred- 
ible writers. 

"The seventh day of the week was also ob- 
served as a festival, not by the Christians 
in general, but by such churches only as 
were principally composed of Jewish converts, 
nor did the other Christians censure this 
custom as criminal or unlawful." 


vol. 22, p. 688: 

!l According to the four evangelists , the 
resurrection of our Lord took place on the 
first da^.r of the week after His crucifixion, 
Matthew 28:1; Mark 16:2; Luke 24:1. Mark 
16:9, and the fourth gospel describes a sec- 
ond appearance to His disciples as having 
occurred eight days afterwards (John 20:26)* 
Apart from this central fact of the Christian 
faith, the Pentecostal outpouring of the 
Spirit, seven weeks later, described in Acts 
2, cannot have failed to give an additional 
sacredness to the day in the eyes of the 
earliest converts. 

"Whether 'the primitive church in Jerusalem 
had any special mode of observing it in the 
daily meetings in the temple (Acts 2:46) we 
cannot tell; but as there is no doubt that in 
these gatherings the recurrence of the Sabbath 
was marked by appropriate Jewish observances, 
so it is not improbable that the worship of 
the first day of the week had also some dis- 
tinguishing feature • 

"Afterwards, at all events, when Christian- 
ity had been carried to other places where 
from the nature of the case daily meetings 
for worship were impossible, the first day of 
the week was everywhere set apart for this 
purpose. Thus Acts 20:7 shows that the dis- 
ciples in Troas met weekly on the first day - 

of the week for exhortation and the breaking 
of bread • 

"1 Corinthians 16:2 implies at least some 
observance of the day; and the solemn commem- 
orative character it had very -early acquired 
is strikingly indicated by an. incidental ex- 
pression of the writer of the Apocalypse (1:10), 
who for the first time gives it that name ("the 
Lord's day") by which it is almost invariably 


referred to by all writers of the century 
immediately succeeding the apostolic times , 
(underlining mine) 

"Among the indications of the nature and 
universality of its observance during this 
period may be mentioned the precept in the 
(recently discovered) TEACHING OF THE APOSTLES 
(DIDACHE c. 14): "And on the Lord's day of 
the Lord come together and break bread and 
give thanks after confessing your transgres- 
sions , that your sacrifice may be pure." 
Ignatius (Ad magn* , c. 9) speaks of those 
whom he addresses as H no longer Sabbatizing, 
but living in the observance of the Lord ! s 
day, on which also our life sprang up again." 
Eusebius (H.E., 4:23) has preserved a letter 
of Dionysius of Corinth (175 A.D.) to Soter, 
bishop of Rome j in which he says: "Today we 
have passed the Lord f s holy day, in which we 
have read your epistle;" and the same his- 
torian (ILE. 4:26) mentions that Melito of 
Sardis (170 A.D.) had written a treatise on 
the Lord's day. Pliny's letter to Trajan in 
which he speaks of the meetings of the Chris- 
tians "on a stated day" need only be alluded to* 

"The first writer who mentions the name of 
Sunday as applicable to the Lord's day is 
Justin Martyr; this designation of the first 
day of the week , which is of heathen origin 
had come into general use in the Roman world 
shortly bef ore Justin wrote ( around 140-1 $0 
A.D .) . (Underlining mine) The passage is too 
well known to need quotation (Apcl. 1:67) in 
which he describes how "on the day called 
Sunday" town and country Christians alike 
gathered together in one place for instruction 
and prayer and charitable offerings and the 
distribution of bread and wine; they thus met 
together on that day, he says, because it is 
the first day in which God made the world, 


and because Jesus Christ on the same day rose 
from the dead, 

"As long as the Jewish Christian element 
continued to have any prominence or influence 
in the church, a tendency more or less strong 
to observe Sabbath as well as Sunday would of 
course persist. Eusebius (H.E. 3:27) mentions 
that the Ebionites continued to. keep both days, 
and there is abundant evidence from Tertullian 
onwards that so far as public worship and ab- 
stention from fasting are concerned the practice 
was widely spread among the Gentile churches." 

Special attention is directed to the dates cited in 
the above histories under consideration, i.e. from the 
day of the resurrection of our Lord in the first century 
to not later than the middle , or third quarter, of the 
second century (175 A.D.)j and of the fact (in one of 
the underlined portions) that the custom of the church 
observing the first day of the week as a day of assembly 
and worship of the risen Lord, predates the naming of 
the days of the weeks after the names of the planets, 
by the Romans. 

Therefore the decree of the Emperor (321 A.D.), or of 
some council or pope still later, respecting the observ- 
ance of any special day for Christians, can have no valid 
bearing on a practice already in use in the church many 
years before — from the very day that Jesus rose from the 

dead (Luke 24). 

—Daniel F. Wolf 

Modesto , California 


reason that God continues to bless oir nation? May 

thi© country never turn against the children of Abraham. 

God also said, "And in thee shall all the families 
of the earth be blessed." God has indeed blessed all 
the families of earth. Jesus Christ, born of Mary who 

was ■ of the children of Abraham, came into this world 
to die that all those that believe in Him might have 
eternal life. — Rudy Cover 



"Let the words of my mouth, and the meditation of 
my heart , be acceptable in thy sight , Lord, my 
strength, and my redeemer. 11 (Psalms 19:14) 

Slow down; take time to meditate and seriously con- 
sider our way and course in life. We have conditions 
to face in life that demand our serious concern for the 
evil conditions we meet in these perhaps closing scenes 
before the coming of our Lord Jesus, Jesus says: "And 
take heed to yourselves, lest at any time your hearts 
be overcharged with surfeiting, and drunkenness, and 
cares of this life, and so that day come upon you un- 
aware s." (Luke 21:34) 

Jesus will clean up the evil doings of mankind to 
prepare for the peaceful reign of a thousand years of 
peace, prosperity and happiness to those who will in- 
habit this earth during this glorious reign. We long 
to see these conditions fulfilled, and should be hoping 
and praying for the "blessed hope, and the glorious ap- 
pearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ." 
(Titus 2:13) 

Meditate what it must be to us to be relieved from 
all these evil conditions, and to expand and grow in 
love, righteousness and good will to all who are living 
in that glorious time. 

Meditate on the goodness of God that leadeth thee to 
repentance. (Romans 2:4) How wonderful that we can turn 
away from idols to serve the living God! (I Thessalonians 
1:9) Idolatry is still in this world. "For where your 
treasure is, there will your heart be also." (Matthew 
6:21) "Thou shalt no more worship the work of thy 
hands." (Micah 5:13) No more in that glorious day will 
idolatry flourish I 

Meditate upon the wonderful time of living with the 
faithful of all ages, all having new bodies as God will 
arrange to change us from corruption to incorruption, 
from mortality to immortality. (I Corinthians 15:54) 
Death swallowed up in victoryl 

Meditate upon the complete change of a new heaven 


and a new earth; the first heaven and the first earth 
will pass away. How inspiring to realize the possibil- 
ity of our. -changing worlds-, of going to the place Jesus 
has prepared for His people I 

Some things we have here will not enter the new 
heaven and the new earth: no sea, no sorrow, no crying, 
no pain, no curse, no night and no death. (Revelation 
21 and 22) How wonderful to live where these things 
can never cornel 

We should meditate upon the time of His coming to 
earth to gather together His elect from the four winds, 
from the one end of heaven to the other. (Matthew 24:31) 
And meditate lovingly upon the following: "But I would 
not have you to be ignorant, brethren, concerning them 
which are asleep, that ye sorrow not, even as others 
which have no hope. For if we believe that Jesus died 
and rose again, even so them also which sleep in Jesus 
will God bring with Him. For this we say unto you by 
the word of the Lord, that we which are alive and re- 
main unto the coming of the Lord shall not prevent them 
which are asleep. For the Lord himself shall descend 
from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the arch- 
angel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in 
Christ shall rise first: Then we which are alive and 
remain shall be caught up together with them in the 
clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we 
ever be with the Lord. 11 (I Thessalonians 4:13-17) 

It is good to meditate and review every day what has 
been our thoughts which come to us. Many of them we 
instantly reject as not right or proper, but do we allow 
other thoughts, evil thoughts (as Jesus says) to dwell 
unchecked, and to repeat over and over again? To check 
and banish evil thoughts is like cutting weeds when 
small . 

King David speaks of the blessed man; his delight is 
in the law of the Lord, "And -in his law doth he meditate 
day and night." ( Psalm 1:2) 

To meditate upon God T s Holy Word and to follow Jesus, 
so that in times of temptation we think then of God ! s 
Word that applies to that particular.: temptation and we 


can think and say as Jesus did, "It is written." These 
thoughts by God's help can block the temptation. 

"Finally, brethren, whatsoever things are true, 
whatsoever things are honest, whatsoever things are 
just, whatsoever things are pure, whatsoever things 
are lovely, whatsoever things are of good report; if 
there be any virtue, and if there be any praise, think 
on these things. Those things, which ye have both 
learned, and received, and heard, and seen in me, do: 
and the God of peace shall be with you." (Philippians 

It's not too late to meditate 

Upon our way of going; 
And thinking too and to review 
Our course where we are going. 

What have we done the way we run, 
Where is our heart-life center? 

Is earthly wealth or common health 
The way to life we enter? 

Life's ebb and flow as on we go 

To us must have some meaning J 
Does life end here on earthly sphere 

Without a thought of gleaning? 

No thought of home or time to come, 
Earth mound to be our dwelling? 

We go away, here cannot stay, 
For time and ages telling. 

Of places dead where we are led, 

By age and time decreeing; 
Old houses worn to state forlorn, 

As we are daily seeing. 

God's book divine, its pages shine, 

Tell us the true line story; 
To choose the road, and bear the load 

That leads to life and glory. 


Think on the things God's message brings , 

And live as God is teaching. 
For heavenland of golden strand 

Is now within our reaching * 

— J, I. Cover 

Sonora, California 


"It is naught, it is naught, saith the buyer: but 
when he is gone his way, then he boasteth." (Proverbs 


What a picture of today 1 s worldly businessman! The 
wise King Solomon knew human nature, and people haven't 
changed. We tend to brag on our own wares and run down 
those of others — especially when it might affect the 
price, And we like to brag about a good deal we made. 

We have probably all been buyers and sellers at some 
time, and we might remember that even in these situa- 
tions we should show that we are followers of Jesus. 
His ways should affect every part of our life and deal- 
ings. We don't like to be cheated, but we should be 
equally concerned that we do not cheat others. 

Sometimes dealing fairly means giving good measure. 
Jesus says (Luke 6:38)> "Give, and it shall be given 
unto you; good measure, pressed down, and shaken to- 
gether, and running over, shall men give into your 
bosom. For with the same measure that ye mete withal 
it shall be measured to you again." One of my grand- 
fathers was said to give this kind of measure in his 
dealings. He wasn't a wealthy man, but he was loved 
by those who knew him. 

We should remember how great has been the measure 
of God to us. Jesus said, "Freely ye have received, 
freely give." Is there an area of our lives exempt 
from this beautiful rule? 

"Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins 
in his own blood, And hath made us kings and priests 
unto God and his Father; to him be glory and dominion 
for ever and ever. Amen." (Revelation 1:5,6) — L.C. 




"And they asked him and said unto him, Why baptiz- 
est thou then, if thou be not that Christ, nor Ellas, 
neither that prophet? (John 1:25) 

— Submitted by Daniel F. Wolf 


This seems to be the final question demanded of John 
by the priests and Levites. The first one was, "Who 
art thou?" The questioners were of John's tribe and 
might well have been his relatives. John's popularity 
with the common people was worrying them, 

The question is one of John's ministry. It is of 
itself a deep study, involving Old Testament prophecies, 
the rituals of the temple, and angel manifestations. 
John's evasiveness as to his pedigree shows he had un- 
derstanding^ and deliberately cut loose from his priv- 
ileges as a priest of the altar. 

His name was well known, however, in spite of his 
cry, "I am the voice of one crying in the wilderness." 
And then he went right on preaching and baptizing. 
Luke dates the start of his ministry (3:1-2), "The word 
of God came unto John*" From then on, John's preaching 
and teaching all pointed to Christ. 

The priests and Levites, learned and steeped In law 
and its ritual, would have liked a dissertation on water 
baptism. There is much mystery connected with "water" 
and consequently "water baptism" . John himself made no 
pretention of superior knowledge here. He made it plain 
he was only obeying the "Word" given unto him. 

A marked contrast is shown here between the legal 
mind, proud of its really tiny store of knowledge before 
God, and the surrendered mind and heart willingly obedi- 
ent to the seemingly least of God's commands. 

There is always heavenly wisdom in obedience to God's 
word. John and his ministry is only enhanced by the 
telling through the centuries. 

God's minister today does not attempt to explain wa- 
ter baptism to his convert before or after the solemn 


rite. The convert starts his life's testimony to Christ 
in simple obedience. Like John, the baptizer points to 
the "Lamb of God that takes away the sin of the world." 

Baptism when done in belief in Jesus and knowledge 
of the Holy Ghost need only to be done once. But faith, 
repentance and obedience will be a dominant part of a 
daily walk with God. 

Sins of commission and omission are soon evident to 
the searcher of God's word. The word "debts" in our 
Lord's prayer for disciples makes us remember our sins 
of omission* Because of Christ's blood shed for our 
sins we do not seek the baptizer and the water again. 
"The blood of Jesus Christ cleanses us from all sin." 

We do not know why God chose to test our obedience 
in water baptism. Nor should we think small of it or 
even attempt lengthy explanations. What is written in 
God's word should be enough. Having obeyed in faith 
and repentance, we will continue in faith, repentance 
and obedience to our Lord until our time on earth is 

"Why baptizeth thou then?" Their question and often 
ours, can be answered in one thrilling word: 


— James D. Cover 
Modesto, California 

Next month's question: 

What do these words of Jesus mean to us? (Matthew 
5:29) "And if thy right eye offend thee, pluck it out, 
and cast it from thee; for it is profitable for thee 
that one of thy members should perish, and not that thy 
whole body should be cast into hell," Also verse 30. 

Submitted by Kenneth Martin 

Ycu are invited to send your comments on this ques- 
tion or send a question of your own to The Pilgrim . 

"I am come a light into the world, that whosoever 
believeth on me should not abide in darkness. » 
Words of Jesus in John 12:46 




It pleased the good God in His mercy, early in the 
beginning of this (last) century, to support His "grace, 
that bringeth salvation, and which hath appeared to all 
men, n by many a voice calling them to awaken and repent, 
so that thereby many were aroused from the sleep and 
death of sin. These then began to look around them for 
the truth and righteousness, as they are in Jesus, but- 
had soon to see with sorrowful eyes the great decay (of 
true Christianity) almost in every place. From this 
lamentable state of things they were pressed to deliver 
many a faithful testimony of truth, and- here and there 
private meetings were established beside the public 
church organization, in which newly awakened souls 
sought their edification. Upon this, the hearts of the 
rulers were embittered by an envious priesthood, and 
persecutions were commenced in various places, as in 
Switzerland, Wurttemberg, the Palatinate, Hesse and 
other places. 

To those persecuted and exiled persons the Lord 
pointed out a place of refuge, or a little ,! Pella n in 
the land of Wittgenstein, where at that time ruled a 
mild count, and where some pious countesses dwelt. Here 
liberty of conscience was granted at Schwarzenau, v/hich 
is within a few miles of Berleburg. And from this cause, 
though Wittgenstein is a poor and rough country, many 
people, and those of various kinds collected at 
Schwarzenau, and this place which had been but little 
esteemed, became so much changed, that in a few years 
it became a place extensively known. 

Those who were brought together there from the perse- 
cution, though they were distinguished by different opin- 
ions, and also differed in manners and customs, were 
still, at first, all called Pietists, and they among 
themselves called each other Brother. But very soon it 
appeared, that the words of Christ, Matthew 18, where He 
says: "If thy brother shall tresspass against thee, go ^ 
and tell him his fault between thee and him alone, etc., n 

THE PILGRIM _____ 13 

could not be reduced to a proper Christian practice , be- 
cause there was no regular order yet established in the 
church. Therefore some returned again to the religious 
denominations , from which they had come out, because 
they would not be subjected to a more strict Christian 
discipline; and to others it appeared, that the spirit-* 
ual liberty was carried too far, which was thought to be 
more dangerous than the religious organizations they had 

Under these circumstances some felt themselves drawn 
powerfully to seek the footsteps of Va% primitive Chris- 
tians, and desired earnestly to receive in faith the or- 
dained testimonies of Jesus Christ according to their 
true value. At the same time, they were internally and 
strongly impressed, with the necessity of the obedience 
of faith to a soul that desires to be saved. And this 
impression also led them at the same time to the mystery 
of water-baptism, which appeared unto them as a door in- 
to the church which was what they earnestly sought. 
Baptism, however, was spoken of among the Pietists in 
very different ways, and the manner in which it was 
sometimes spoken of, caused pain to the hearts of those 
that loved the truth. 

Finally, in the year 1708, eight persons consented 
together, to enter into a covenant of a good conscience 
with God, to take up the commandments of Jesus Christ as 
an easy yoke, and thus to follow the Lord Jesus, their 
good and faithful Shepherd, in joy and sorrow, as His 
true sheep, even unto a blessed end. These eight per- 
sons were as follows: namely, five brethren and three 
sisters. The five brethren were George Grebi from Hesse 
Cassel, the first; Lucas Vetter, likewise from Hessia, 
the second; the third was Alexander Mack from the Palat- 
inate of Schriesheim between Manheim and Heidelberg; the 
fourth was Andrew Bony of Basle in Switzerland; the 
fifth John Kipping from Bariet in Wurttemberg. The 
three sisters were, Johanna Noethiger or Bony the first; 
Anna Margaretha Mack, the second; and Johanna Kipping 
the third. 

These eight persons covenanted and united together as 
brethren and sisters into the covenant of the cross of 


Jesus Christ to form a church of Christian believers. 
And when they had found in authentic histories , that the 
primitive Christians in the first and second centuries, 
uniformly , according to the command of Christ, were 
planted into the death of Jesus Christ by a threefold 
immersion into the water-bath of holy baptism, they ex- 
amined diligently the New Testament, and finding all 
perfectly harmonizing therewith, they were anxiously de- 
sirous to use the means appointed and practiced by 
Christ Himself, and thus according to His own salutary 
counsel, go forward to the fulfillment of all righteous- 

Now the question arose, who should administer the 
work externally unto them? One of their number, who was 
a leader,' and speaker of the word in their meetings, had 
visited in sincere love, different congregations of 
Baptists (Tauf gesinnten) in Germany, most of which ad- 
mitted, that holy baptism when performed by an immersion 
In water and out of love to Christ, was indeed right; 
but they would also besides this, maintain that the 
pouring" of a handful of water might also do very well, 
provided all else would be right. 

The conscience however of them (the Brethren) could 
not be satisfied with this. They therefore demanded of 
him, who led in preaching the word, to immerse them ac- 
cording to the example of the primitive and best Chris- 
tians, upon their faith. But he considering himself as 
unbaptized required first to be baptized of some one of 
them, before he should baptize another. So they con- 
cluded to unite in fasting and prayer in order to obtain 
of Christ, Himself the founder of all His ordinances, a 
direction and opening in this matter. For he who was 
requested to baptize the other, wanted to be baptized by 
the church of Christ, and the rest had the same desire. 

In this their difficulty, they were encouraged by the 
words of Christ, who had said so faithfully, * Where two 
or three are gathered in my name, there am I in the 
midst of them. ,r With such confidences in the precious 
and sure promise of God, they, under fasting and prayer 
cast lots, which of the four brethren should baptize 
that brother, who so anxiously desired to be baptized by 


the church of Christ, They mutually pledged their word, 
that no one should ever divulge, who among them had bap- 
tized first (according to the lot), in order to cut off 
all occasion of. calling them after any man, because they 
had found that such foolishness had already been re- 
proved by Paul in his writings to the Corinthians. 

Being thus prepared, the Eight went out together one 
morning, in solitude, to a stream called Eder, and the 
brother, who desired to be baptized by the church of 
Christ, when he was baptized, he baptized him, by whom 
he had been baptized, and the remaining three brothers 
and three sisters. Thus these Eight were all baptized 
at an early hour of the morning. 

And after all had come up out of the water, and had 

changed their garments, they were also at the same time 

made to rejoice with great inward joyfulness, and by 

grace they were deeply impressed with these significant 

words, ,T Be ye fruitful and multiply." This occurred in 

the year above mentioned, 1708. But of the month of the 

year, or the day of the month or week, they have left no 

record. N 

By Alexander Mack, Jr. (Concluded next issue) 

Reprinted from The Pilgrim , June, 1957 


The Salida congregation have agreed, the Lord wil- 
ling, to hold our spring Love Feast on March 30 and 31 
of this year. A hearty invitation and welcome is ex- 
tended to members and friends to attend. 

—Daniel F. Wolf 

We, the members of the Old Brethren Church in Canada, 
Ohio and Indiana expect to hold our Annual Meeting in 
our Wakarusa meeting house May 31st, June 1st and 2nd, 
the Lord willing. 

We extend a hearty invitation to our members and 
friends to come and be with us at that time. 

— Elmer Brovont 




And God said unto Abram, "Get thee out of thy coun- 
try; and from thy kindred, and from thy father's house, 
unto a land that I will shew thee." 

Abram or Abraham, was a man that believed in God. 
He was a descendent of Noah's son, Shem. When God told 
Abraham to leave his country and his father's house, he 
got up and went. This was probably not an easy thing 
for Abraham to do. It appears that Abraham had it good 
with his father, Terah. Abraham had married a woman 
named Sarah and he was 75 years old when he left his 
country and his father's house. Abraham's nephew, Lot, 
went with him and they took the flocks and herds that 
belonged to Abraham and also many servants. In his 
time Abraham was a rich man. The land that God had 
given to Abraham to live in was the land of Canaan. 

The promise that God gave Abraham was this, "And I 
will make of thee a great nation, and I will bless thee, 
and make thy name great; and thou shalt be a blessing: 
And I will bless them that bless thee and curse him that 
curseth thee, and in thee shall all the families of the 
earth be blessed." 

When Abraham arrived in Canaan the Lord appeared unto 
him again and said, "Unto thy seed will I give this 
land," meaning that the descendents of Abraham and his 
children would inherit this land of Canaan. 

The land of Canaan is what we .call Palestine today, 
and because of the unfaithfulness of the Jews (Abraham's 
seed) they were scattered into all other nations and 
their country was possessed by others. However > God's 
promise to Abraham still stands; and today we see the 
land of Palestine again occupied by the nation of Israel, 
the children of Abraham. 

God told Abraham He would "bless them that bless thee 
and curse him that curseth thee." We wonder how God 
can bless our country so abundantly when so many do not 
believe in Him. America has always been good to God's 
people, the Jews. Do you suppose that this is the 

(Continued on page 5) 


VOL, 21 APRIL, 1974 NO. 4 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


They tried my Lord and Master, 
With no one to defend; 
Within the halls of Pilate 
He stood without a friend. 

The world may turn against Him, 
I'll love Him to the end, 
And while on earth I ! m living, 
My Lord shall have a friend. 

I * 11 do what He may bid me ; 
I'll go where He may send; 
1*11 try each flying moment 
To prove that I*m His friend. 

1*11 be a friend to Jesus; 
My life for Him I'll spend; 
I'll be a friend to Jesus 
Until my years shall end* 

Johnson Oatman 

Selected by Orpha Wagner 

"THE F 3 ! LGR1M is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F, Wolf. 


They laid Him away with respect and sorrow. Decency 
and kindness now came forward in the persons of Joseph 
of Arimathaea and Nicodemus, both who knew Jesus well. 
On the Sabbath day Jesus' body lay in repose. 

Early the Lord's Day the divine power and person of 
Jesus entered the Roman sealed tomb and raised His own 
body to life. For Jesus had said, "Therefore doth my 
Father love me, because I lay down my life, that I might 
take it again. No man taketh it from me, but I lay it 
down of myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have 
power to take it again. This commandment have I re- 
ceived of my Father. 11 (John 10:17>18) 

Here was revealed our glorious Redeemer showing His 
mighty power of His own self to do as He wills. He was 
a willing sacrifice and He laid down His life. No power 
could take His life away. No power feebly expressed by 
the sealed tomb could prevent His rising. The mystery 
of His indwelling life He manifested but did not explain. 
"In Him are hid all the treasures of wisdom and know- 
ledge." His laying down of His life and taking it again 
forever shows His Divinity, the right to be God. Truly 
we can worship and adore Him who had made possible our 

Roman soldiers fell down in abject fear at the an- 
gelic display". Then they fled to tell to the wicked 
Jewish powers the truth of our risen Lord, to meet the 
forces of evil who would try to cover up our dear 
Saviour's wonderful presence and power. Cowardice, 

hypocrisy, and lying will be fully revealed and punished 
at the Judgment Day. 

No power of nail, or cross, or spear 
Could take the life of God away; 

Mankind received this message clear; 
Was known then, we know today. 


Indwelling life to give or take, 

Above the power of mortal man; 
By His decree the earth will quake, 

And open graves and rise again. 

The keys of hell and monster death 

Upon the girdle of our Lord; 
Again the dead have living breath, 

According to our Saviour's word. 

God has the power to cast away 
Death into second death* s abyss; 

For in the resurrection day 

No death can be where Jesus is. 

Death has become life's open gate; 

All who believe shall never die, 
For at departing angels wait 

To bear the ransomed ones on high. 

to be here when Jesus comes I 

To twinkle into living power 
When Jesus takes us to our homes 

In holy resurrection hour, 

— J. I. Cover 

Sonora, California 


We, the members of the Old Brethren Church in Canada, 
Ohio and Indiana expect to hold our Annual Meeting in 
our Wakarusa meeting house May 31st, June 1st and 2nd, 
the Lord willing. 

We extend a hearty invitation to our members and 
friends to come and be with us at that time. 

— Elmer Brovont 

Let every thing that hath breath praise the Lord. 
Praise ye the Lord. —Psalm 150:6 



The role .of works in the life of a Christian has been 
a source of considerable confusion to those who would 
follow Christ, There have been those who would teach 
us that works are unnecessary. On the other hand, some 
would teach us that we earn our salvation by our works. 
Perhaps a study of the Scriptures can help us to see 
the role that, works are to play in our lives. 

The relative position of faith and works in our 
lives seems to be set forth in Ephesians 2-.: 8-10: n For 
by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of 
yourselves: it is the gift of God: not of works , lest 
any man should boast. For we are his workmanship, 
created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God hath 
before ordained that we should walk in them. 11 These 
verses teach us that we are saved by grace, through 
faith. In other words, God, in His love for mankind, 
provided a ,way that we might be brought back into a 
relationship with Him through faith. We should espe- 
cially note that our salvation here is not -by our works, 
for otherwise we might be tempted to fall through pride. 
This, then, establishes an important principle: We can 
not earn sa l vation by our works . Nothing we can do 
will make our salvation more sure, for Jesus Christ has 
done that. However, we should also notice that we were 
"created in Christ Jesus unto good works." This, then, 
sets forth a second important principle: A Christian 
is expe ct ed to do good works. By using other Scriptural 
references, it is hoped that these two principles will 
become clear. 

Paul teaches that under the law something more, than 
works was involved in salvation. In Romans 3:20 we 
read, "Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall 
no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law is 
the knowledge of sin." Speaking of those under the 
law, Paul says: "For if Abraham were justified by 
works, he hath whereof to glory; but not before God. 
For what saith the scripture? Abraham believed God, 
and - it was counted unto him for righteousness. Now to 
him that worketh. is the reward not reckoned of grace, 


but of debt. But to him that worketh not, but believeth 
on him that justifieth the ungodly , his faith is counted 
for righteousness. Even as David also describeth the 
blessedness cf the man, unto whom God imputeth right- 
eousness without works. * . ft (Romans 4:2-6) These 
Scriptures both seem to confirm the principle that we 
can not earn salvation by works. We are taught that 
both Abraham and David gained righteousness through 
faith apart from works. 

At this point, having used Abraham as an example 
above, we should turn to James who also uses Abraham as 
an example. He says, "Was not Abraham our father jus- 
tified by works, when he had offered Isaac his son upon 
the altar? Seest thou how faith wrought with his works, 
and by works was faith made perfect? And the scripture 
was fulfilled which saith, Abraham believed God, and it 
was imputed unto him for righteousness: and he was 
called the Friend of God. Ye see then how that by works 
a man is justified, and not by faith only." (James 2: 
21-24) At first glance, this Scripture might seem to 
contradict the passage taken from Romans. However, we 
know that all Scripture is inspired by God (see II 
Timothy 3:16) and we must, therefore, assume that what 
one apostle wrote would not contradict another apostle. 
They must somehow be different facets of the same basic 
truth. At this point, we can thus add a corollary to 
the principle that works are expected of the Christian; 
specifically, works complement our faith and are proof 
that our faith does, in fact, exist. 

We may continue, then, with further Scriptures. Paul 
states, "But Israel, which followed after the law of 
righteousness, hath not attained to the law of right- 
eousness. Wherefore? Because they sought it not by 
faith, but as it were by the works of the law. For 
they stumbled at that stumblingstone," (Romans 9:31-32) 
This clearly shows that works alone, even under the law, 
could not bring salvation. Faith must come first. An 
empty faith is likewise of no value. We must have an 
object on which to base our faith, and this is the death 
and resurrection of Jesus Christ our Lord by the grace 
of God. Paul reminds us of this central fact: "Knowing 


that a man is not justified by the works of the law, 
but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed 
in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith 
of Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by the 
works of the law shall no justified." (Gala- 
tians 2:16) 

Apparently there was confusion in the Church even in 
Paul's days concerning works, for he asks, "This only 
would I learn of you, Received ye the Spirit by the 
works of the law, or by the hearing of faith? Are ye 
so foolish? having begun in the Spirit, are ye now 
made perfect by the flesh?" (Galatians 3:2,3) Apparent- 
ly, some were trying to have the early Christians rig- 
idly keep the law as a requisite for salvation. We may 
see this in our day in those who would try to "pay" for 
their sins through various "acts of contrition". The 
Bible teaches us that Jesus made one sacrifice for all 
sin (see Hebrews 7:25-27) so we may therefore infer 
that works directed toward this end will be to no avail. 
Why would we even want to try to improve on the perfect 
sacrifice of our Lord through our flesh? Titus 3:5 
teaches "Not by works of righteousness which we have 
done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the 
washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy 
Ghost. ♦ ." 

Having established that we can not earn salvation by 
works, we will move on to examine the principle that 
good works are expected of the Christian. We have 
stressed in the past that we are saved by grace, through 
faith, not by works because we have wished to give 
credit for our salvation to whom it belongs, namely, to 
our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. In doing this, we 
have not meant to imply there is no place for works in 
the Christian life; quite the contrary. As the Scrip- 
tures plainly teach, works are expected of us and com- 
plement and perfect our faith. Without works, a Chris- 
tian's life is empty and unfruitful. Paul, whom we 
have quoted frequently, teaches Christians to "learn 
to maintain good works for necessary uses, that they 
be not unfruitful." (Titus 3:14) What position should 
one take on works? Paul again answers "This is a 


faithful saying , and these things I will that thou af- 
firm constantly, that they which have believed in God 
might be careful to maintain good works. These things 
are good and profitable unto men." (Titus 3:8) Surely 
a Christian , who has committed his life to Christ, would 
want to do those things which are "good and profitable" . 
This is the way to peace and happiness. 

Many of us have heard discussions concerning faith, 
works, and grace. Surely there can be no doubt that 
these are not to be held apart from one another, but 
were meant to be compatible. Paul teaches, "For the 
grace of God that bringeth salvation hath appeared to 
all men, teaching us that, denying ungodliness and 
worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and 
godly, in this present world; looking for that blessed 
hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and 
our Saviour Jesus Christ; who gave himself for us, that 
he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto 
himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works." 
(Titus 2:11-14) Does grace exclude works? From the 
preceding passage, we would have to conclude that it 
teaches us good works and makes us "zealous of good 
works". Turning once again to James, we find "Yea, a 
man may say, Thou hast faith, and I have works: shew 
me thy faith without thy works, and I will shew thee my 
faith by my works." (James 2:18) This would seem to be 
telling us that we need works to prove that we have 
faith, for "faith without works is dead". (James 2:20) 

In summary, what we have seen is that our salvation 
is freely given to us by the grace of our Lord and 
Saviour Jesus Christ, "Who hath saved us, and called us 
with an holy calling, not according to our works, but 
according to his own purpose and grace, which was given 
us in Christ Jesus before the world began." (II Timothy 
1:9) How beautiful it is that God, in His love and 
foreknowledge, gave us this salvation by His grace be- 
fore the world began. Therefore, as we have seen, there 
is nothing we can do to earn salvation, for it was made 
available, by grace, before we were born # This does 
not mean that 'good works have no purpose. As we have 


shown, the good works of a Christian follow his conver-* 
sion as a natural consequence, complementing and per- 
fecting his faith. Indeed, without works, one. may 
question a person 1 s faith, for "faith without works is 
dead" ♦ Thus, we see the importance of faith and works 
in our lives as Christians. Only when both are operating 
can we experience the full life in Christ through the 
guidance of the Holy Spirit. Then will our lives: bear 
the fruits of the Spirit,, namely, love, joy, peace, long- 
suffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, meekness, and 
temperance. (Galatians 5:22-23) 

—Glen Shirk, M.D. 
Modesto , California 


Recently I read the article "It Does Make a Differ- 
ence" in October 1972 Family Life stressing the need of 
modesty, especially in women 1 s dress. I would say, it 
truly does make a difference, especially to us young 
Christian men, whether or not you are dressed modestly. 
Often when walking or driving along the road, especially 
through towns, it is necessary to look the other way 
from the almost naked women walking on the streets. 
Then I have to think, "Lord, have mercy on them." 

This makes me appreciate all the more those in our 
own churches who still try to dress decently and mod- 
estly. Bat at the same time I notice there are some 
who, it seems, aren't quite willing to dress according 
to chutch standards. This has often been a burden on 
my heart. I am still young — in fact only 18 years old — 
but not too young to notice such things already. Maybe 
I am also not- too young to give you some advice. 

Young girls and women, if you want to have a Chris- 
tian husband, never shorten your dresses or make them 
form fitting to show off your body. This may be the 
style in the world but no Christian boy will ever go 
for anything like that. Perhaps you will need to wait 
a number of years for a husband but the Bible says we 


should wait upon the Lord and He will renew our strength, 

(Isaiah 40:31) 

To the married women^ you also have a great respon- 
sibility to your daughters. Do your" duty and teach 
them and be a good example to them. (Titus 2:3-5) It 
would seem to me that the dress should come at least 
halfway between the knees and the floor and I would 
sooner see it a few inches longer than shorter. Remem- 
ber, by dressing modestly you are not only doing what 
the Bible requires, but you are also making it easier 
for us to have wholesome thoughts at all times. 

Only your brother in Christ, 

Selected by Tim Royer from Family Life . 


"Except I shall see in his hands the print of the 
nails, and put my finger into the print of the nails, 
and thrust my hand into his side, I will not believe." 
With these words Thomas won for himself the name, 
"doubting Thomas." But before we judge him too harsh- 
ly, we should put ourselves in his place and think 
what might have been our reaction. 

Thomas was with Jesus throughout His ministry. He 
saw Him heal all kinds of sick people, restore sight 
and hearing, cast out devils, and even raise the dead. 
He knew of Jesus* power as an eyewitness surely would. 
But it must not have been apparent to him that one who 
could call the dead to life would have power over death. 
It was Thomas that expressed concern for Jesus when He 
decided to go to Judaea to raise Lazarus, Knowing 
that the Jews there hated Jesus, Thomas told the other 
disciples, "Let us also go, that we may die with him." 

This fear of Thomas 1 was realized when 'he saw Jesus 
taken, beaten, humiliated, hastily tried and led out 
to Calvary, There he must have watched as Jesus pain- 
fully, helplessly expired on the cross. There was no 
doubt about this in Thomas 1 mind: Jesus was dead. He 
saw the ugly wounds. And though Jesus had power when 
He was alive, now He was dead and buried and it was all 
over. Thomas seems to be a realist, accepting facts 


and true evidence. 

This statement then comes from the certainty in 
Thomas' mind that Jesus was dead. He saw him die, and 
to overcome that certainty, he must have equal proof 
that Jesus was alive again. He would take no one's 
word for a matter of this nature. 

But see the consistancy of the "doubting Thomas." 
Some describe him as an "honest doubter." These are 
the kind that can become honest believers. When Jesus 
showed Himself to the group "after, eight days," Thomas 
was present. Jesus* first words after His greeting of 
peace were for Thomas. "Reach hither thy finger, and 
behold my hands; and reach hither thy hand, and thrust 
it into my side: and be not faithless, but believing." 
He had his proof and Thomas 1 doubt turned to belief 
causing him to confess, "My Lord and my God." Besides 
seeing the proof before him, Thomas also had to realize 
that Jesus had heard his rash statement demanding this 

Thomas 1 doubts were turned by Jesus to the glory of 
God because countless numbers of believers have had 
bheir faith strengthened by the record of this event. 
The word doesn't tell us that Thomas actually felt 
Jesus 1 wounds as the Lord invited him to. But if he 
did, he was one who could say, "I saw His wounds and 
thrust my hand into His side; I know He lives I" 

Vie don*t have the proof of seeing and feeling like 
Thomas did. But we don't need it for we have the 
record. Jesus' words to Thomas hold promise for us 
who will believe on the evidence of the testimony of 
others. "Thomas, because thou hast seen me, thou hast 
believed; blessed are they that have not seen and yet 
have believed •" 

If we believe the record we too can confess Jesus, 
the risen Redeemer as "my Lord and my God." — L.C. 

Thus it is written, and thus it behoved Christ to 
suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day. 

— Jesus' words in Luke 24:46 



The sad and dreary night at last ended; 

With heavy hearts and leaden steps they trod 

To a sepulchre their way they wended, 

Women with spices for the Son of God. 

Son of God j their Saviour, thought they was He 

Until His death their every hope did blast. 

Their saddened hearts were, pierced when they did see 

The empty tomb; their searching eyes they cast* 

Awe-struck, they trembled when they heard the voice 

And they beheld a shining angel stand. 

"Why is the tomb, among the dead your choice 

As place to seek your Lord? Has not God planned 

To raise His Son with power from the dead? 

Remember, Jesus when in Galilee 

Sadly, *I must be crucified,' He said, 

1 But on the third day I shall risen be . l " 

Amazed and trembling from the tomb they turned 

To tell His disciples^ as the angel said. 

Oh how their hearts with fear, yet great joy, yearned 

To know their Lord was risen from the dead! 

,T A11 hail!" With these words Jesus did them greet. 

"Be not afraid; but go to Galilee." 

They ran, fell down and worshipped at His feet, 

Then told the disciples what their eyes did see. 

Some doubted for they just could not believe, 
Bat gathered all at the appointed place. 
And there in Galilee they did receive 
Their witness — they saw Jesus face to face. 
Some doubted still until His wounds they felt. 
Are we with doubters numbered, or do we 
Know that He lives, as at His feet we r ve knelt? 
The living Christ in us do others see? 

— Miriam J. Sauder 

Lancaster, Pennsylvania 



BRETHREN CHURCH, 1708 (Continued) 

After this said eight persons were more and more 
powerfully strengthened in their obedience to the faith 
they had adopted , and were enabled to testify publicly 
in their meetings, to the truth; and the Lord granted 
them His special grace so that still more became obedi- 
ent to the faith, and thus, within seven years time, 
namely, to the year 1715, there was not only in Schwarze- 
nau a large church, but here and there in the Palatinate 
there were lovers of the truth, and especially was this 
the case in Marienborn where a church was gathered; for 
the church in Palatinate was persecuted and its members 
then came to Marienborn ♦ And when the church here be- 
came large, it was also persecuted. Then those that 
were persecuted, collected -in Greyfeld, where they found 
liberty, under the King of Prussia. 

Moreover, the Lord called during those seven years, 
several laborers, and sent them into His harvest, among 
vrtiom were John Henry Kalkleser, of Frankenthal; Chris- 
tian Libe and Abraham Duboy from Ebstein; John Ivasz and 
several others from Morten; Peter Becker from Dillsheim. 
And to these were added also John Henry Trout and his 
brothers,' Heinrich Holsaple and Stephen Koch. The most 
of these came daring those seven years to Greyfeld; John 
H. Kalkleser, however, and Abraham Duboy came to 
Schwarzenau; so did also George B. Gansz from Umstatt; 
and Michael Eckerlin from Strasburg. 

But as they found favor with God and men on the one 
hand, so (on the other hand) there were also enemies of 
the truth, and there arose here and there persecutions 
for the Word's sake. There were those- who suffered joy- 
fully the spoiling of their goods, and others encoun- 
tered bonds and imprisonment, some for a few weeks only, 
but others had to spend several years in prisons. 
Christian Libe was some years fastened to a galley, and 
had to work the galling oar among malefactors; yet, by 
God's special providence, they were all delivered again 
with a good conscience. 


Since the persecution in. the form of poverty, trib- 
ulation ^ and imprisonment, by which they were oppressed, 
made them only the more joyful, they were tried in an- 
other manner by men of learning, seeking to confound 
them with sharp disputations, and subtle questions, of 
which the forty searching Questions of Eberhard Ludwig 
Gruber, which with their answers will be annexed to this 
treatise, will sufficiently inform the reader. 

About this time it was deemed expedient by the church 
of the Lord in Schwarzenau, to issue this publication, 
for the instruction of those pure minded persons who 
are seeking the truth. And in this work every impartial 
reader, if he will read it with these introductory re- 
marks, and without prejudice, can find, what has been 
the cause and object of publishing it. 

But inasmuch as those, which then stood in the work 
of the Lord so cheerfully, and confessed the truth with 
great simplicity and honesty, have now all departed in 
peace, the desire has arisen in those churches who bear 
the same testimony here in America, and who have like- 
wise given themselves to the Lord to walk in the truth, 
to have this simple testimony again published, more 
especially for the benefit of our dear youth, that they 
may have plain and simple exposition of the truth, in 
which they are Instructed , and chiefly for the glory of 
God, who has so wonderfully preserved His truth even to 
these latter times. 

This simple testimony of truth we commend to the good 
and wise God for protection, and as an offering, we lay 
it at His feet of mercy. And may He give to the kind 
reader such a state of mind that will cause him to love 
the truth, and be acceptable to Him, for it is only when 
we are in such a state that the truly divine Spirit, 
who will enable us to prove all things, and hold fast 
that which is good and useful, will come forth and lead 
us as the lambs of Christ into all truth. Blessed is 
the man, who does not oppose Him, for He will bring all 
things to His remembrance, whatsoever Jesus, the eternal 
truth, Himself has said and taught. 

Now to the innocent Lamb of God, which taketh away 
the sins of the world, be glory, honor and adoration 


in the congregation of the Firstborn in heaven and on 
earth, in the communion of the Father and the Holy 
Spirit. Amen* 

N.B. This simple record is taken in part from some 
papers, which were left by two brethren, namely, 
Alexander Mack and Peter Becker, who have already some 
considerable time ago fallen asleep in the Lord; and 
in part some things were inserted, which were related 
to me orally by my parents, as well as by some other 
brethren, who have also fallen asleep in the Lord, and 
who were themselves eye-witnesses of that which they 
have testified to us, to our consolation and encourage- 
ment ♦ This he witnesseth who has written this the 30th, 
January 1774, as one called to the marriage of the Lamb, 
and to the great supper prepared for that glorious 
marriage . 

By Alexander Mack, Jr. 

Reprinted from The Pilgrim , June, 1957 



What do these words of Jesus mean to us? (Matthew 
5? 29) "And if thy right eye offend thee, pluck it out, 
and cast it from thee; for it is profitable for thee 
that one of thy members should perish, and not that thy 
whole body should be cast into hell." Also verse 30. 

Submitted by Kenneth Martin 

This kind of teaching by Jesus was given at least 
twice and is recorded in three different places. 
(Matthew 5:29-30, 18:8-9, and Mark 9:47) It is strong 
language recommending drastic action, and shows to us 
the magnitude of sin and the wisdom of having some in- 
convenience or handicap here for a short time and eter- 
nal life and vitality in the end. We must all admit 
that the teaching is reasonable. If it would take the 
sacrifice of an eye or a hand to gain entrance into 
eternal live, what a really small matter it would be 


by comparison. But we can see by GocPs Word that He 
has not asked this of His children — unless we are un- 
willing or unable to mortify and put down this sinful 
nature by the means of grace God has provided. We have 
to wonder then whether the sacrifice of a hand or eye 
would accomplish this if we would not allow it to be 
done by the Spirit* But one thing is certain: the eye 
plucked out or hand cut off would never offend again. 

Jesus used extreme examples to teach us vividly the 
simple truths. If we take this teaching literally, 
it will make us more aware of the hideous nature of 
sin* How careful we should be to call for the grace 
of God to help us by His Spirit T s power to overcome 
these defects in our character! How awful if we should 
have to pluck out an eye! And how much more awful if 
we should hold on to our sins and our eyes and our 
hands and, with a whole but sinful body, be cast into 
hell fire, away eternally from God*s presence. 

God has provided the way to life which is in surren- 
der to Jesus, the way, the truth, and the life. Then 
these members can become dedicated to Him, controlled 
by His Spirit, and pardonned and cleansed by His blood. 

— L.C. 
Next month's question: 

Please explain: "Blessed is he that readeth, and 
they that hear the words of this prophecy, and keep 
those things which are written therein: for the time 
is at hand ." (Revelation 1:3) 

Submitted by Mary Kimmel 
Brookville, Ohio 

You are invited to send your comments on this ques- 
tion or send a question of your own to The Pilgrim . 

CHILDREN'S PAGE (continued) Lord would give to him 
and to his children forever. 

God gave Abraham all this land — even the part Lot 
chose. It is so important that we choose to please 
God rather than ourselves. Only in this way can we be 
really blessed. "And Abram came and dwelt in the plain 
of Mamre and there he built an altar unto the Lord." 

— Rudy Cover 



Abraham had been in Egypt but he returned back to the 
land of Canaan where he had built an altar to the Lord, 
Abram was very rich. He had silver and gold and many 
cattle. Lot, the nephew of Abram, went with him and he 
also had flocks and herds. As time went on their flocks 
increased in number and there was not enough pasture 
for all the cattle and sheep of both Abram and Lot. The 
herds were taken to pasture by men who worked for Abram 
and Lot and these men were called "herdmen". These men 
were trying to please those they worked for and soon 
quarreled over who could get the best pasture for their 
herds. There were other people who lived in this land 
called Canaanites and Perizzites. Of course, in those 
days, the people lived off their cattle and sheep and 
because there wasn't enough pasture for everybody, Abram 
decided that they would have to go. Knowing of the 
trouble between their herdmen, Abram said to Lot, "Is 
not the whole land before you? Separate yourself from 
me. If you go to the left I will go to the right; or 
if you go to the right I'll go to the left." 

So Lot looked out over the plain of the Jordan River 
and saw that it was well watered everywhere; the grass 
was green c.nd beautiful — plenty of water and food for 
all his cattle. There was only one objection to this 
beautiful plain: There were cities there and they were 
full of wicked men. Sodom was one of the worst of those 
wicked cities. Lot chose the Jordan plain and Abram 
dwelled in the land of Canaan. 

Lot's herds must have increased abundantly and he 
became very rich. He lived in the cities close by and 
I suppose because the grass was greener that way, he 
went in the direction of Sodom. The Bible says that 
Sodom was a city where men were wicked and sinned before 
the Lord exceedingly. 

After Lot had left Abram, the Lord talked with Abram 
and told him that he should look in every direction as 
far as he could see and all the land that he saw the 

(Continued on page 15) 


VOL. 21 MAY & JUNE, 1974 NOS. 5 & 6 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


Spirit so holy. Spirit of love, 
Spirit so gentle, sent from above; 
Priceless posession, purchase of blood, 
Good beyond measure, Gift of our Lord, 

Spirit of wisdom^ Spirit of light, 
Spirit of knowledge, showing the right; 
Guide us and teach us, fully to know 
All that in Jesus God would bestow. 

Spirit so humble, Spirit so meek, 
Spirit so kindly, helping the weak; 
Work in and through us, make us to be 
Lcwly and loving, yielding to Thee. 

Spirit of power, Spirit of God, 
Spirit of burning, work through Thy Word; 
Search us and sift us, spare not the dross, 
Show us that self life ends at the cross. 

By D. W. Whittle 

THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 


At the resurrection morning begins forty days of 
close association of Jesus with His apostles. This was 
necessary to fully establish and confirm them of the 
truth and power of our risen Lord, 

The apostles were to witness unto the world these 
blessed events so the Word of God would be preached 
with convincing power and steadfast devotion to the 
cause of their Master; to tell without fear all these 
mighty events that had taken place. Also to indelibly 
print on their minds, and establish them in the power 
of the resurrection. 

A change must come over them. They had been timid 
and afraid at the time Jesus was crucified; they must 
now be bold, fearless ministers to defy the power of 
evil. The searchlight of truth must shine in this be- 
nighted realm of darkness, and its wickedness exposed, 
that men would shun this darkened kingdom and become 
translated into the Kingdom of God ! s dear Son* (Colos- 
sians 1:13) 

Jesus was busy during these forty days in speaking 
of the things pertaining to the Kingdom of God. (Acts 
1:3) In being with them forty days, they became more 
acquainted with. their risen Lord. Jesus had said, 
"Upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates 
of hell shall not prevail against it." (Matthew 16:18) 
Here in these forty days began this necessary continued 
part of building, in instructing and teaching of His 

This important work, the presence and power of Jesus 
and His resurrection, begins to glow and grow in their 
hearts as He continued with them forty days. It is 
also possible that Jesus at that time told them to have 
the election where Matthias was chosen an apostle to 
fill the place of Judas. 


All this happening of the resurrection was so entire- 
ly new, and so different from their understanding they 
had built upon: that Jesus would set up an earthly 
kingdom and deliver the Jews and reign over them. This 
came out possibly near the end of the forty days. 

Being forty days with them was then a holy and im- 
portant closing part of His work on earth. Here He was 
in His glorified and eternal position, still much con- 
cerned in the welfare of His dear children to have them 
fully informed and equipped for their mission to spread 
the Word of God to all people of all lands. Also these 
forty days were devoted intensely to teaching the apos- 
tles. There was a sacred and special time so necessary 
to the apostles. It seems that when Jesus first showed 
Himself alive, some doubted, but surely not after He 
was with them forty days I So this forty day period 
confirmed them, and made His resurrection more real to 

Jesus had been teaching them and making them over 
all through His ministry, and they confessed and be- 
lieved that He is the Son of God, the Saviour that came 
to this earth to offer salvation to the whole world of 
living people from Adam until the final closing of the 
gates of mercy. Now to the same apostles who confessed 
Him He proved His Divine Person "by many infallible 
proofs." In these forty days with the apostles He fin- 
ished the work He had begun. The last of the forty 
days fully completed their understanding when they saw 
Jesus ascend to heaven. The forty days were holy, 
sacred, and happy days for theml 

Forty days of being with the risen Lord; 
Forty days of seeing, telling in His Word; 
Forty days of loving, hearing Him expound; 
Forty days of proving life in Him is found. 

Forty days beholding their Redeemer King; 
Forty days enfolding, of His glory sing. 
Forty days to hear Him giving God the praise; 
Forty days endear Him; speak of holy ways. 


Forty days of growing to the stature fall; 
Forty days of knowing heaven 1 s drawing pull; 
Forty days of seeming in the holy land; 
Forty days of teaming God and heaven grand. 

Forty days of keeping , by the Saviour dear; 
Forty days of reaping bounty free and clear; 
Forty days of teaching how to witness true; 
Forty days of reaching after things all new. 

Forty days and nearing to ascending way; 
Forty days and clearing to the coming day; 
Forty days are ending, heaven land is near; 
See our Lord ascending pathway bright and clear. 

— J. I. Cover 

Sono ra , Cali f o rnia 

"For the Son of man is come to seek and to save that 
which was lost." (Luke 19:10, Matthew 18:11) 

God clearly states His purpose in giving the Bible 
to mankind. "But these are written, that ye might be- 
lieve that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and 
that believing ye might have life through his name." 
(John 20; 31) 

From this verse of scripture we learn that "life" is 
obtained through believing in Jesus Christ. "That be- 
lieving (in Jesus Christ) ye might have life through 
his name*" We shall learn that the "life" mentioned in 
this passage is not physical life but spiritual life. 
The fact that we have physical life does not necessar- 
ily mean that we also have spiritual life for the 
scripture bears out the truth that individuals may be 
alive physically and yet be dead spiritually. 

"dead in sins" (Ephesians 2:5) 

"dead in trespasses and sins' 5 (Ephesians 2:1) 

"dead in. your sins" (Colossians 2:13) 

"dead while she liveth" (I Timothy 5:6) 

By nature we are dead spiritually. "Wherefore, as 
by one man sin entered into the world, and death by 


sin; and so death passed upon all men." (Rom. 5:12, II 
Cor. 5:14) By nature we are all sinners, 
"all have sinned u (Romans 5*12) 
"they are all under sin' 1 (Romans 3:9) 
"all have sinned and come short of the glory of God" 

(Romans 3:23) 
"the scripture hath concluded all under sin 1 ' (Gal. 

"there is no man that sinneth not" (I Kings 8:46) 
"there is not a just man upon the earth that doeth 

good , and sinneth not" (Ecclesiastes 7:20) 
"There is none righteous, no, not one" (Rom. 3:10) 
"If we say we have no sin we deceive ourselves (I 
John 1:8) 
"If we say we have not sinned , we make Him (Christ) 

a liar" (I John 1:10) 
Sin is a sad and terrible reality. This fact is 
proved not only by the teaching of scripture but also 
by the testimony of all mankind. All have been whipped 
by remorse of conscience for wrongdoing. It is one of 
the great truths of the Bible that Irrespective of our 
state and condition by nature we are lost. 
We are "guilty before God" (Romans 3-19) 
"We are condemned already" (John 3:18) 
As sinners we are "unjust" in God ! s sight (I Peter 

"There is not a just man upon the earth" (Ecc. 7:20) 
"There Is none righteous , no, not one" (Rom. 3:10 / 
Our hearts are "not right in the sight of God" (Acts 

8:51, Psalms 78:37) 
Our hearts are deceitful "and desperately wicked" 

(Matthew 15:19) 
By nature we are "sold under sin" (Rom. 7:14> Is. 52:3) 
We are the "servants of sin" (Rom. 6:17, John 8:34) 
We are holden (bound or held captive) by the cords 

of sin" (Proverbs 5:22) 
As sinners we are abiding In darkness (I Pet. 2:9) 
Sins have separated us from God. There Is no com- 
munion or fellowship with Him (Isaiah 59:2) 
By nature we are far off from God, (Eph. 2:13) and 
are lost. (Luke 19:10) 


We are without Christy being aliens from the common- 
wealth of Israel, and strangers from the* covenants of 
promise, having no hope, and without God in the world* 
(Eptu 2*12) By nature we are helpless and hopeless 
sinners! We aare dead spiritually asid are guilty and 
unjust before God.-* We are separated or alienated from 
God and have no communion or fellowship with Him. We 
are lost, "having no hope." 

It is a precious truth to know that no matter what 
our state and condition by nature, God loves us. 

"God commendeth His love toward us . . . while we 
were yet sinners." (Romans 5:8) 

"Herein is love, not that we loved God, but that He 
loved us." (I John 4:10) 
"In this was manifested the love of God toward us, 
because that God sent his only begotten Son into 
the world that we might live through him." (I Jn.4:9) 
"For God so loved the world, that he gave his only 
begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him 
should not perish, but have everlasting life."(Jn.3:l6; 
"Behold, what manner of love the Father hath be- 
stowed upon us, that we should be called the sons 
of God." (I John 3:1) 
Jesus the Son of God came to this earth to accom- 
plish a definite work. He came to provide salvation 
for sinners, Jesus Christ came into the world to save 
sinners „ (I Tim. 1:15) Christ "is come to seek and to 
save that which was lost." (Luke 19:10, Matt. 18:11) 
"God sent . . . his son into the world . . . that the 
world through him might be saved." (John 3:17, 12:47) 
"The Father sent the Son to be the Saviour of the 
worlds" (I John 4:14) Christ came "to make reconcilia- 
tion for the sins of the people." (Heb. 2:1?) "God 
. . . sent his Son to be the propitiation for our sins," 
(I John 4:10) He was manifested to take away our sins. 
(I John 3:5) "I am come that they might have life." 
(John 10:10) "God sent His only begotten Son into the 
world that we might live through Him." (I John 4:9) 
Jesus the Christ came to this earth to make it possible 

for sinners to be saved. 


How did He accomplish the work which He came to do? 
The Son of God did not accomplish this great work by 
coming to this earth to be a "good example 11 or a great 
"religious teacher" although He was both of these. 
Neither did He accomplish this work by giving the world 
"noble philosophical principles." There is a far 
deeper meaning involved than this. Christ the sinless 
Son of God, as "a lamb without spot or blemish" gave 
Himself on the cross as a sacrifice for sin. He, the 
innocent party, became the sin bearer for the guilty. 
By His death on the cross, Christ became our substitute. 

"His own self bare our sins in his own body on the 
tree (cross)" '{I Peter 2:24) 

"He (God) hath made him (Christ) to be sin for us." 
(I Corinthians 5:21) 

"The Lord (God) hath laid on him (Christ) the iniq- 
uity of us all." (Isaiah 53:6) 

"Christ died for the ungodly." (Romans 5:6) 

"While we were yet sinners Christ died for us." 
(Romans 5:8) 

"Christ hath once suffered for sins, the just (Christ) 
for the unjust (sinners)." (I Pet. 3:18; also Tit. 
2:14, Gal. 1:4, I Cor. 15:3, 5:21, I John 3: 16) 

By His death on the cross Christ shed His blood for 
us. Through the shed blood of Christ, we are redeemed. 
n Thou (Christ) was slain and thou hast redeemed us to 
God by thy blood." (Rev. 5:9) ,T We have redemption 
through his blood." (Col. 1:4, Eph. 1:7) "Ye were not 
redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, 
from your vain conversation received by tradition from 
your fathers; But with the precious blood of Christ, as 
of a lamb without blemish and without spot." (I Pet. 
1:18,19) "Ye have sold yourselves for nought; and ye 
shall be redeemed without money." (isa. 52:3) "By his 
own blood he . . . obtained eternal redemption for us." 
(Hebrews 9:11) 

Notice the following important truth in regard to 
redemption: "Ye are not your own, for ye are bought 
with a price." (I Cor. 6:19,20) The Church of God 
Christ "hath purchased with his own blood." (Acts 20:28) 
Christ "gave his life a ransom." (Matt. 20:28, I Tim. 2: 6) 


These scripture references using the words redeemed, 
ransomed, bought, purchased, are particularly signifi- 
cant. Redeemed means bought back. Sinners are sold 
under sin, (Rom. 6:17, Isa. 52:3) but are redeemed by 
Christ 1 s blood. Sinners could be redeemed or purchased 
from their guilty, sinful, lost and condemned condition, 
only by some person paying the price. Christ paid the 
price to redeem sinners. The price which He paid was 
not silver or gold (I Pet, 1:18,19) or money (Isa. 52:3) 
but was His own shed blood — His own life. 

Through the shed blood of Christ, we have the for- 
giveness or remission of our sins. 

"My blood of the new testament (covenant) is shed 

for many for the remission of sins." (Matt. 26:28) 
"in whom we have redemption through his (Christ ! s) 
blood, the forgiveness of sins." (Eph.l:7, Col. 1:14) 
Through His blood, we are cleansed from sin, 
"Jesus Christ . . . loved us and washed us from our 

sins in his own blood," (Rev. 1:5) 
"The blood of Jesus Christ his (God's). Son cleanseth 
us from all sin." (I John 1:7) 
Through His blood, we are justified (made just) be- 
fore God and are reconciled to God* 

"Being now justified by his blood." (Romans 5:9) 
"When we were yet enemies, we were reconciled to God 

by the death of his Son." (Romans 5:10) 
Through His blood, we are made "nigh" to God. 
"But now In Christ Jesus ye who sometimes were far 
off are made nigh (brought close to God) by the 
blood of Christ." (Ephesians 2:13) 
Through His blood, we have peace with God. 
"Having made peace through the blood of his cross." 

(Colossians 1:20) 
We have seen what Christ has done to provide for our 
salvation. Now, what must we do to be saved? The Bible 
teaches that salvation cannot be earned or merited by 
good works or deeds. 

"Not by works of righteousness which we have done, 

but according to his mercy he saved us" (Titus 3:5) 
"saved . . . not of works, lest any man should 
boast." (Ephesians 2:9) 


"Who hath saved us . • . not according to works." 
(II Timothy 1:9) 

Our good works or our righteousness will not obtain 
salvation for us, for our righteousness is as filthy 
rags in His sight. (Isaiah 64:6) 

Salvation is the gift of God; therefore it cannot be 
earned or merited. If we could earn our own salvation 
it would not have been necessary for Christ to have 
died. Alas, how many depend upon their own self right- 
eousness for salvation. Others depend upon their good 
living. Many depend upon their church membership, in 
being respectable citizens of the community, in sup- 
porting their families, and in contributing to the poor 
and to the upkeep of the church. A way of salvation 
which a person devises for himself, even though there 
is much good about it, will never bring the soul to 
God. Man's way of salvation by "works" is not God*s way. 

"There is a way that seemeth right unto a man, but 
the end thereof are the ways of death." (Prov. 14:12) 

"For my thoughts are not your thoughts, neither are 
your ways my ways, saith the Lord. For as the heav- 
ens are higher than the earth, so are my ways higher 
than your ways, and my thoughts than your thoughts." 
(Isaiah 55:8,9) 

We are saved by faith — by believing in Christ's. 
finished work of redemption, and by receiving Him as 
our personal Saviour. "Being born again, not of cor- 
ruptible seed, but of incorruptible, by the word of God, 
which liveth and abideth forever." (I Peter 1:23) We 
must believe in the work of Christ. "Believe on the 
Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt be saved." (Acts 16: 
31) "Through his name whosoever believeth in him shall 
receive remission of sins." (Acts 10:43) "And by him 
all that believe are justified from all things." (Acts 
13:39) "Without faith it is impossible to please him." 
(Hebrews 11:6) 

Genuine faith in the work of Christ will be accom- 
panied by repentance. 

"God commandeth all men everywhere to repent" (Acts 


"Godly sorrow worketh repentance to salvation." 

(II Cor. 7:9,1°) 
The words of the publican express the thought, "God 
be merciful to me a sinner." (Luke 18:13) 
"If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to 
forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all un- 
righteousness." (I John 1:9) 
Acts 2:3S says, "Repent, and be baptized every one 
of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission 
of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy 
Acts 3:19: "Repent ye therefore, and be converted, 
that your sins may be blotted out, when the times 
of refreshing shall come from the presence of the 
"Except ye repent ye shall all likewise perish." 

(Luke 13:3) 
We must receive Christ as our personal Saviour. By 
nature we are dead spiritually. To become alive spir- 
itually we must be born of God, we must be "born again." 
As we can enter this world only by the process of a 
natural birth, so we can enter the Kingdom of God only 
by the process of a spiritual birth. Spiritual life is 
received only by the spiritual birth. 

"That which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that 
which is born of the Spirit is spirit." (John 3:6) 
To be saved — to be a child of God — we must be born 
of God. 

"Which were born, not of blood, nor of the will of 
the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God." 
(John 1:13) 
Christ said, "Verily, verily I say unto thee, Except 
a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of 
God." (John 3:3) 
Regeneration is not the old nature altered, reformed, 
or re invigorated. It Is not a reforming process on the 
part of man, and it is not a natural fo reward step in 
man's development. Regeneration is a new birth from 
above and is a supernatural creative act on the part of 
God. The sinner receives a new nature — God ! s nature, 
and he is a new creature, and puts on the new man which 


God creates after holiness and righteousness. 

n A new heart also will I give you, and a new spirit 
will I put within you." (Ezekiel 36:26) "Therefore if 
any man be in Christ, he is a new creature: old things 
are passed away; behold, all things are become new." 
(II Cor. 5:17) And in Eph. 4:24: "And that ye put on 
the new man, which after God is created in righteousness 
and true holiness." 

By regeneration or new birth, we are admitted into 
the kingdom of God. There is no other way of becoming 
a Christian but by being born from above. Too often we 
find other things, such as good works or reformation 
substituted by man for God T s appointed way of becoming 
a child of God. To be a child of God one must be bora 
of the Spirit of God. Jesus said, "Except a man be 
born again he cannot see the kingdom of God." No age, 
position or condition exempts anyone from this necessi- 
ty. Not to be born again is to be lost. There is no 
substitute for the new birth. Paul said, "Neither cir- 
cumcision availeth anything nor uncircumcision, but a 
new creature." That is the all-important thing, being 
a new creature in Christ. Christ did not say that ye 
ought to be born again, or it would be good, for you to 
be born again. He said, "Ye must be born again * " 
(John 3:7) 

We can experience this new birth. John 1:12 tells 
us, "As many as received him, to them gave he power to 
become the sons of God, even to them that believe on 
his name." We cannot receive eternal life without re- 
ceiving Christ. "God hath given to us eternal life, and 
this life Is in his Son, He that hath the Son hath life; 
and he that hath not the Son of God hath not life." 
(I John 5:11,12) "Verily, verily, I say unto you, he 
that believeth on me hath everlasting life." (John 6:47) 

When the "whosoever will" comes and receives Christ 
as his Saviour, comes to Him with faith and deep repent- 
ance with humility and feels as the publican, "God be 
merciful to me a sinner," and with David in Psalms 51: 
10, "Create in me a clean heart, God; and renew a 
right spirit within me;" experiencing the new birth, he 
will be a new creature in Christ Jesus. Old things will 


pass away and behold, all things will become new. (II 
Cor. 5*17) Christ will dwell in us. (Gal. 2:20) And 
we » shall not come into condemnation (judgment) but 
(are) passed from death unto life." (John 5:24) 

This wonderful salvation is for everyone. "God is 
no respecter of persons." (Acts 10:34) "Whosoever 
shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved." 
(Acts 2:21) Christ encouragingly calls , "Come unto me, 
all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give 
you rest." (Matt. 11:28) "Him that cometh unto me I 
will in no wise cast out." (John 6:37, Rev. 3t20, 22:17) 
"He that believeth on the Son of God hath the witness 
in himself: he that believeth not God hath made him a 
liar; because he believeth not the record that God gave 
of his Son." (I John 5:10) 

Dear reader, there is no middle ground or territory; 
you are either saved or you are not saved. The Bible 
says, "No servant can serve two masters ... ye cannot 
serve God and mammon." (Luke 16:13) Christ said, "He 
that is not with me is against me." (Luke 11:23) The 
Bible says, "Choose ye this day whom ye will serve." 
(Joshua 24:15) "Seek ye the Lord while he may be found; 
call upon him while he is near." (Isaiah 55:6) "For 
what shall it profit a man, if he shall gain the whole 
world, and lose his own soul?" (Mark 8:36) "Come now, 
and let us reason together, saith the Lord: though your 
sins be as scarlet, they shall be as white as snow; 
though they be red like crimson, they shall be as wool." 
(Isaiah 1*18) 

"This is a faithful saying, and worthy of all accep- 
tation, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save 
sinners; of whom I am chief." (I Tim. 1:15) My prayer 
is that the seed (the word of God) may fall on good 
ground (the hearts of men and women, boys and girls) 
and bring forth fruit to His name's honor and glory. 
John 12:48: "He that rejecteth me (Christ), and re- 
ceiveth not my words, hath one that judgeth him: the 
word that I have spoken, the same shall judge him in 
the last day." 

—Raymond Wrightsman 
Ligonier, Indiana 



There are two days of the week upon which and about 
which I never worry. Two carefree days, kept sacredly 
free from fear and apprehension. 

One of these is YESTERDAY. 

Yesterday, with all its cares and frets, with all 
its pains and aches, all its faults, its mistakes and 
blunders, has passed forever beyond the reach of my re- 
call, I can not undo an act that I wrought; I can not 
unsay a word that I said yesterday. 

All that it holds of my life, of wrongs, regret and 
sorrow, is in the hands of the Mighty God that can 
bring honey out of the rock and sweet waters out of the 
bitterest desert — the God of Love that can make the 
wrong things right, that can turn weeping into laughter, 
that can give beauty for ashes, the garment of praise 
for the spirit of heaviness, joy of the morning for the 
woe of the night. 

Save for the beautiful memories, sweet and tender, 
that linger like perfumes of roses in the heart of the 
day that is gone, I have nothing to do with yesterday. 
It was mine; it is God T s. 

And the other day I do not worry about is TOMORROW. 

Tomorrow with all its possible adversities, its bur- 
dens, its perils, its large promise and poor perform- 
ance, its failures and mistakes, is as far beyond the 
reach of my mastery as its dead sister, yesterday. It 
is a day of God's. Its sun will rise in roseate splen- 
dor, or behind a mask of weeping clouds. But it will 

I have no possession in that unborn day of grace. 
All else is in the safe keeping of that Infinite God 
that holds for me the treasure of yesterday. His love 
is higher than the stars, wider than the skies, deeper 
than the seas. Tomorrow — It is God's day. It will be 

There is left for myself then, but one day of the 
week — TODAY. With faith and trust in the Lord any man 
can fight the battles of today and any woman can carry 


the burdens of just one day* 

friend, it is only when to the burdens and cares 
of today carefully measured out to us by the Infinite 
Wisdom and Might that gives with them the promise , M As 
thy day so shall thy strength be," we willfully add the 
burdens of those two awful eternities — yesterday and 
tomorrow — that we break down. It isn r t the experience 
of today that drives men mad. It is the remorse for 
something that happened yesterday, the dread of what 
tomorrow may disclose. 

These are God T s days. Leave them with Him. 

Therefore, I think, and I do, and I journey but one 
day at a time. That is the easy day. That is man T s 
day. Nay rather, that is our day — God's and mine. And 
while faithfully and dutifully I run my course, and 
work my appointed task on that day of ours, God the 
Almighty and the All-loving takes care of yesterday and 

Selected by Susan Coning 


Recently the National Ge ographic printed an article 
on the universe with speculations about its age, its 
destiny, and guesses about the great powers being re- 
leased as stars begin and end. The figures, distances, 
and ages are so great that the ordinary man has diffi- 
culty either believing or disproving. We can be sure 
that there are great forces far beyond our understanding , 

To the Christian, these powers are in the hands of 
the great Creator and Ruler of His universe. Though the 
earth depends on the sun for warmth and light, most of 
the powers and rays of the heavenly bodies reach us only 
feebly and must be measured by huge instruments designed 
to detect these far away activities. Trusting that all 
are controlled by our loving heavenly Father, we can 
concern ourselves mainly with the powers that really 
bear on our lives. As the earth is dependent on the 
sun, so are we dependent on. God. We may think we are 
strong and vigorous, but a slight variation in our 
health can lay us low and make us powerless as a child.. 

So it is spiritually. There is a great power in the 


world today without which there is no life, warmth or 
activity in our spirits. On the day of Pentacost near- 
ly 2000 years ago this Power was poured out on God T s 
people in a new way. Individuals had been guided by 
God's Spirit from the beginning. But the prophet Joel 
spoke of a time when the Spirit would be poured out on 
all flesh. Peter says this prophecy was fulfilled there 
in Jerusalem that day. Now there is no restriction; 
sons and daughters , old men and young men from every 
nation can receive the power of the Holy Spirit. 

Jesus promised His disciples that they would receive 
this power if they would wait in Jerusalem. And how 
He did fulfill this promise! Who but the Holy Spirit 
could fill this small , timid group in such a way that 
they would be leaders in the greatest movement the 
world has known. They were carried through persecutions 
from without and strife from within. The powerful 
governments (which failed in very few of their attempts) 
tried in vain to wipe out this Church. 

Today men wrestle with the great problems of the 
universe, and many fail to come to grips with the per- 
sonal problems of our own destiny. The word of God, 
with depths unplumbed by most of us, can answer our 
questions, and the Holy Spirit in our lives can solve 
the problems. 

Today men speculate about what will happen when the 
great star, our sun, finally explodes to an enormous red 
ball covering a quarter of our sky and earth 1 s source 
of heat and light gives out. We might better ponder 
what would happen if we lose contact with God. David 
prayed (Psalms 51:11) "Cast me not away from thy pres- 
ence; and take not thy holy spirit from me." The dis- 
ciples confessed to Jesus, "Lcrd, to whom shall we go? 
thou hast the words of eternal life." One of our songs 
says, "If Thou withdraw Thyself from me, Ah! whither 
shall I go." 

Some day the powers of earth will be shaken. "The 
heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the ele- 
ments shall melt with fervent heat..." While there is 
time may we turn to God and be sheltered by the greatest 
power there is — that which never gives out. — L.C. 



In the account of the "Organization of the Brethren 
Church 11 by Alexander Mack Jr. he says, "And when they 
had found in authentic histories, that the primitive 
Christians in the first and second centuries, uniformly, 
according to the command of Christ, were planted into 
the death of Jesus Christ by a threefold immersion into 
the water-bath of holy baptism, they examined diligent- 
ly the New Testament, and finding all perfectly har- 
monizing therewith, they were anxiously desirous to use 
the means appointed and practiced by Christ himself, 
and according to his own salutary counsel, go forward 
to the fulfillment of all righteousness." 

Following, are some extracts from the writings of 
Alexander Mack Sr. on the subject of WATER BAPTISM, and 
also some corroborating testimony from histories of the 
Post-Apostolic Church. 

"The eternal and almighty God is the proper author 
of water baptism. Already in the days of Noah, he be- 
gan to reveal a figure or type of water baptism in the 
New Covenant; for when men became very wicked, the Lord 
God sent a flood of water, in which all ungodly men 
were drowned. Of this the apostle Peter speaks, I 
Peter 3:20,21, ] The like figure whereunto even baptism 
doth also now save us (not the putting away of the 
filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience 
toward God,) by the resurrection of Jesus Christ. 1 

When the Lord God by his servant Moses intended to 
give a figure In testimony of what afterwards should be 
revealed by his Son, Hebrews 3, Moses therefore had to 
be drawn out of the water by the daughter of Pharaoh. 
'Therefore said she, he shall be called Moses, because 
I drew him out of the water.* (Exodus 2:10) 

Again, when God by this same Moses led Abraham's 
seed out of Egypt, and when by a mighty hand they were 
delivered from the Egyptians, their escape was through 
the Red Sea, which prefigured strongly the baptism of 


the New Covenant, Hence Paul calls it a baptism 'unto 
Moses in the cloud and in the sea. ! (I Corinthians 10) 

Again when the Lord God caused Moses to erect a tab- 
ernacle it was a figure of the house or Church- of the 
Lord Jesus* Thus had Moses to make, according to the 
command of the Lord, a large laver or vessel before the 
tabernacle wherein Aaron the priest and his sons had to 
wash themselves, before they were permitted to enter 
into the tabernacle (Exodus 30:18-20; 40:12) This was 
also a powerful figure of water-baptism which Jesus 
commands, since none can enter or serve in the Church 
of the Lord without previously being baptized in the 
water upon the confession of faith in Jesus. 

Water baptism at that time was not such a strange 
work among the Jews, for it had previously been used 
under the law for external purification. Hence, there 
was no great surprise concerning baptism. But in con- 
nection with his preaching this baptism, there was 
something new, because men were directed to repent; and 
they were likewise told of the Son of God that he would 
come, and they should believe on him. . . 

The command to baptize properly signifies, according 
to the Greek word TO IMMERSE, and "it has been so trans- 
lated by Jeremias Felbinger (and many others). But 
since sprinkling has been introduced, and the learned 
from an effeminate weakness have become afraid of the 
water, the opinion has been held, that the Greek word 
might also signify to sprinkle, pour, or make wet. Yet 
all must admit that it signifies to iiumerse. 

Again, when Philip baptized the eunuch, it is said, 
'They went down both into the water, and Philip bap- 
tised him. 1 (Acts 8:38) We also find yet a great deal 
in the histories of primitive Christians showing that 
they baptized in streams, rivers, and fountains. As 
we read in the Bloody Tonel of the Doopsgesind (Mar- 
tyr's Mirror), page 254, that in the year of Christ 
980, many persons were baptized in the river Euphrates. 
Again, page 214, that in the year 620, Paulinianus at 
noon near the city Truvolsinga in the river Trenth, and 
that this baptism was called by the Ancients an immer- 
sion or dipping. Again, page 220, we find that some 


Englishmen were baptized in the river Schwalbe and in 
the Rhine , and that it could not be done in any other 
way or manner. Indeed people must be very blind and 
much prejudiced^ not to see it, since it is written so 
plainly and clearly in the Holy Scriptures. 

In Romans 6:4, it is called a burial of sin; again 
Paul calls it a washing of water. (Ephesians 5:26) And 
Christ says, John 3:5, that we must ! be born again of 
water and of the Spirit. U! 

— Alexander Mack Sr. 

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Vol. 2, page 261, says of 
baptism, "The most ancient form usually employed was 
unquestionably immersion. This is not only evident 
from the writings of the fathers and the early rituals 
of both the Latin and the Oriental Churches, but it can 
also be gathered from the epistles of St. Paul, who 
speaks of baptism as a bath (Ephesians 5:26; Romans 6:4; 
Titus 3:5). In the Latin Church immersion seems to 
have prevailed until the 12th century. After that time 
it is found in some places even as late as the 16th 
century. Infusion and aspersion, however, were growing 
common in the 13th century, and gradually prevailed in 
the western Church. . . 

The threefold immersion is unquestionably very an- 
cient in the church and apparently of apostolic origin. 
It is mentioned by Tertullian (De cor. milit. iii), St. 
Basil (Da Sp, S. XXVII ), St. Jerome (Dial. Contra Luo. 
VIII) and many other early writers. Its object is, of 
course, to honour the three persons of the Holy Trinity 
irv whose name it is conferred." 

The Dictionary of Christ And The Gospels, page 169, 
says, "The full significance of the rite would have 
been lost had immersion not been practised. . • That 
immersion was the mode of baptism adopted by John is 
the natural conclusion from his choosing the neighbor- 
hood of the Jordan as the scene of his labours. . . 
That this form was continued into the Christian Church 
appears from Titus 3:5 and of the symbolism in Romans 

6 « 

—Daniel F. Wolf 

Reprinted from The Pilgrim , July, 1957 



Lord, in this gentle evening hour 
When shadows fold each hill to rest, 
And sleepy bird and nodding flower 
Bow to the fading light of West; 

And shouts of children in their play 
That echoed under summer skies 
Fall silent now as fades the day 
And slumber claims the drowsy eyes; 

When winds are stilled and nature hushed. 
And evening's star has pierced the sky, 
Then we who through the day have rushed . 
Have paused and laid our burdens by. 

We ask of Thee forgiveness fresh — 
That w®, too 5 may forgiven be, 
And with a heart that's pure and clean, 
Tomorrow, still, walk close with Thee. 

Lord, bless our neighbors, those who need 
Thy saving grace, Thy presence near, 
And show us where our hands can help 
To lift a burden, dry a tear. 

As night comes down on velvet wing 
And lamps of home shine warm and bright, 
We ask of Thee just one more thing: 
Oh, Lord, be close to us this night I 

4- Vera Miller, Tuolumne, California 

Current question for "WHAT DO OUR READERS SAY?' 1 : 

Please explain: "Blessed is he that readeth, and 

they that hear the words of this prophecy, and keep 

those things which are written therein: for the time 

is at hand ." (Rev. 1:3) 

Submitted by Mary Kimmel, Brookville, Ohio. 

COVER - A daughter, Rhoda May, born to Leslie and Martha 
Cover of Bonora, California on May 24, 1974. 


ABRAM RESCUES LOT Genesis 14*1-24 

Abram 1 s nephew, Lot, lived in Sodom. Sodom and 
Gomorrah were very wicked cities, and why Lot chose to 
live in Sodom is a mystery. The cities of that day had 
high walls around them, and I suppose that Lot may have 
felt that he was protected by living within the city. 

At about this time there were four kings who were 
agreed together, and they made war against the five 
kings of the Jordan plain and overcame them. The kings 
of the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah tried to run away, 
but possibly for fear of manning into the enemy they 
were forced into a part of the land full of tar pits 
which they fell into. Most of the people of Sodom ran 
to a nearby mountain to escape, but for some reason Lot 
didn't run away and was captured by the enemy who took 
him and his family and everything he had. The armies 
of these four kings looted the city of Sodom and took 
everything of value that they could carry besides mak- 
ing prisoners of all who remained in the city. 

Now one of those who escaped from Sodom came to 
Abram and told him what had happened; and that Lot was 
taken captive. Abram xvas concerned for Lot and he 
armed 318 of his trained servants, and with the help of 
three of his neighboring friends, pursued the enemy un- 
to the city of Dan which was over 100 miles from Sodom. 
At night Abram attacked the enemy by surprise and 
chased them to a city called Hobah, which was close to 
a city named Damascus, about 40 miles from Dan. Abram 
brought back Lot and all of his family and the people 
that were captured with him besides their stolen prop- 

Even though Lot had chosen the best of the land for 
himself, Abram remembered that Lot was his nephew and 
risked his life to rescue him. God had promised to 
give Abram all the land He had shown him. Abram be- 
lieved God and trusted that He would help him overcome 
the enemy. God has promised to give us a home in heaven 
if we will trust and obey Him. •^•Rudy Cover 


VOL. 21 JULY, 1974 NO. 7 

n Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 

Unto the hills around do I lift up 

My longing eyes; 
whence for me shall my salvation come, 

From whence arise? 
From God the Lord doth come my certain aid, 
From God the Lord who heaven and earth hath made. 

He will not suffer that thy foot be moved; 

Safe shalt thou be. 
No careless slumber shall His eyelids close, 

Who keepeth thee. 
Behold, He sleepeth not, He slumbereth ne'er, 
Who keepeth Israel in His holy care. 

Jehovah is Himself thy keeper true, 

Thy changeless shade; 
Jehovah thy defense on thy right hand 

Himself hath made. 
And thee no sun by day shall ever smite; 
No moon shall harm thee In the silent night. 

From every evil shall He keep thy soul, 

From every sin; 
Jehovah shall preserve thy going out, 

Thy coming in. 
Above thee watching, He whom we adore 
Shall keep thee henceforth, yea, forevermore. 

—John Campbell, 1845-1914 

THE FML-GRIIVI is o religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 


Matthew tells of the time when "the chief priests 
and elders of the people 1 ' came to Jesus and asked Him, 
"By what authority doest thou these things? and who 
gave thee this authority?" This would have been a hard 
question for an imposter to answer. In fact, anyone 
but Jesus would likely have been silenced immediately 
if he had assumed authority over such a jealous, hate- 
ful group of people. But Jesus actually did have all 
power and all authority, so He could answer them calmly 
with another question — a fair question. Their reaction 
to this question betrays their wickedness and serves 
for an example and lesson for us. 

Jesus said, "I also will ask you one thing, which If 
ye tell me, I in like wise will tell you by what author- 
ity I do these things. The baptism of John, whence was 
it? from heaven, or of men?" The account says that 
they reaso ned w ith themselves saying, "If we shall say, 
From heaven; he will say unto us, Why did ye not then 
believe him? But if we shall say, Of men; we fear the 
people; for all hold John as a prophet." They finally 
answered that, they could not tell. But notice their 
reasoning* They would have answered the way they con - 
sidered mo st expedient — not what they knew was true. 

How many times do we find ourselves in such a posi- 
tion? And how do we decide? Are we willing sometimes 
to take a course of expediency rather than to always 
tell the truth? Sometimes in dealing with people in 
business it is tempting to offer an untrue excuse rath- 
er than to admit a mistake or neglect. But this is not 
right and "in the long run" It is not even expedient. 
It has been wisely observed, "If you always tell the 
truth, you will not need to remember what you said." 

In the case of these priests and elders, they would 
have been admitting their error to say John's baptism 
was from heaven, because they had not followed him. 



This comes close to us. Christians should always be 
ready to admit error. James writes, "Confess your 
faults one to another , and pray one for another, that 
ye may be healed.' 1 (5:16) 

Truth is vital today. We live in a time of deceit. 
People are skilled at acting and pretending. Because 
of the interest in plays and movies this becomes a 
study and an occupation, and people carry it over into 
other areas of their lives. Jesus 1 most severe criti- 
cism came on the scribes and Pharisees because of their 
hypocrisy. They pretended they were something they 
weren't. They were living a lie. The Christian life 
should be one of simplicity and openness. Deceit is 
listed with the worst of sins by Jesus and His servant 
Paul in Mark 7:22 and Romans 1:29. 

Especially it is important that we always be truth- 
ful with our children. The earlier a child can learn 
to be truthful, the easier it will be to hold to this 
virtue. Neither is it wrong or harmful to admit a mis- 
take to your children. 

Sometimes the truth hurts (when we must admit error) 
but not nearly so much as a lie that must later be ad- 
mitted and made right. May God help us to come to know 
and love the truth. — L.C. 

n Buy the truth and sell it not. M (Proverbs 23:23) 

The worth of truth no tongue can tell, 

x Twill do to buy, but not to sell; 

A large estate that soul has got, 

Who buys the truth and sells it not* 

Truth, like a diamond shines most fair, 
More rich than pearls and rubies are, 
More worth than gold and silver coin; 
Oh, may it ever in us shine. 

The church has made its grandest conquests when most 
holy and separate from the world, so that God could 
work through her, and the world could see something to 
be converted to. Quotation from ^he Vindicator 1902 



"We then, as workers together with him, beseech you 
also that ye receive not the grace of God in vain." 
(II Corinthians 6:1) 

To be workers together with Jesus opens up to us a 
wonderful field of glory and also reminds us of the in- 
viting call of Jesus: "Come unto me, all ye that la- 
bour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. 
Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek 
and lowly in heart: and ye shall find rest unto your 
souls. For my yoke is easy, and my burden is light." 
(Matthew 11:23-30) 

The opportunity to be workers together with Jesus 
opens up to us a delightful experience: the highest 
occupation, the greatest joy of living, when we can be 
occupied in working for and with Jesus. 

It is best for us when we can be busy in doing 
things good, right and true, and this is so when we are 
workers together with Jesus. He has given the rule how, 
when and where we may be employed as the days come and 
go. Jesus said, "I must work the works of him that sent 
me, while it is day: the night cometh, when no man can 
work." (John 9:4) The works of God given to man to 
perform are very Important. Jesus says: "Let your 
light so shine before men, that they may see your good 
works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven." 
(Matthew 5:16) We will be employed in either good or 
evil works. Let us as wise men ask God that we may have 
good thoughts, good words, and good deeds I 

"Go work in my vineyard today," Jesus says, and all 
ages of maturity have answered this call, and have la- 
bored faithfully in the vineyard of the Lord. To all 
ages the pay is the same: eternal life — a penny a day 
In the lesson He gives. 

Above all we have a kind and merciful God to deal 
with Who knows us all and can fit us for His glory, 
though we may be even handicapped by things beyond our 
control. How much we need His mercy! 

How keenly we realize Jesus 1 words, "Without me ye 
can do nothing." (John 15:5) We must be workers 


together with Jesus to realize how wonderful it is to 
have this great privilege. None need to receive the 
grace of God in vainl And yet in Titus we read: "For 
the grace of God that bringeth salvation hath appeared 
to all men, Teaching us that, denying ungodliness and 
worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and 
godly, in this present world; Looking for that blessed 
hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and 
our Saviour Jesus Christ; Who gave himself for us, that 
he might redeem us from all iniquity , and purify unto 
himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works," 
(Titus 2:11-14) We would receive the grace of God in 
vain unless we obeyed this teaching I 

What a wonderful privilege to work with Jesus 1 All 
true Christians can be engaged in this holy work. It r s 
the heart of the Christian's life to want to help give 
to others what we have received by the Holy Spirit Whom 
all true Christians, have, "Now if any man have not the 
Spirit of Christ, he is none of his." (Romans 8:9) God 
has wisely arranged that all Christians have a work to 
do. We must abide in Him to be workers together with 

Every true Christian knows It is one of the great 
works of God to believe and can more fully understand 
what Jesus said when the Jews asked Him: "What shall 
we do, that we might work the works of God? Jesus an- 
swered and said unto them, This is the work of God, 
that ye believe on him whom he hath sent." (John 6:28, 

The followers of God have a special work. They 
carry on the work of God upon earth by being living 
witnesses of the great change the Word of God can make — 
how practical it is — how it is possible to be born 
again. (John 3:5) 

"For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus 
unto good works, which God hath before ordained that we 
should walk in them," (Ephesians 2:10) We can work to- 
gether with Him in this wonderful calling to be saints. 

Come on then, my dear ones in the faith. Let us 
live up to this great and noble work of our Lord and 
Master Who is our perfect example to follow. He not 


only leads by example , but also by His divine assist- 
ance to us. And then to be given the greatest , the 
highest place of honour, to work with Him and be called 
the Sons of Godi (I John 3:1) 

I have pledged my allegiance to Him long ago. It 
has been the joy of my life when I have been faithful 
and the deep sorrow of all when I have in some way let 
down and yielded to temptation. I pray God to make me 
conscious of all my failings , for I have the kindest 
and most merciful Jesus Who knows how it goes, for He 
was tempted in all points, yet without sin. (Hebrews 


It feels so good to be an overcomer — to overcome 
evil with good. (Romans 12:21) Dear readers, we can 
overcome the world, and this is the victory that over- 
comes the world, even our faith. (I John 5:4) 

By being workers together with Him, He is close to 
help us all the time. We can gain the victory and have 
eternal life and see Him and be with Him forever. 
Gladly may we leave the shores of time and forever be 
with all the workers together with Him, for we are not 
alone in this great work of salvation that has been 
going on down through the ages. 

"Workers together with Jesus 

Along the living way; 
Helping together we follow, 

Leading to golden day. 

Working together with Jesus 

All of our journey through; 
Hoping together we triumph 

To where all things are new. 

Working together with Jesus, 

Going the upward road; 
Helping the weary and toiling 

To bear the heavy load. 

Working together with Jesus, 
Soon will be resting time; 


Soon to be over the hilltop 
Away in place sublime. 

Working together with Jesus, 
Reaching the ending road: 

Salvation in ove rooming , 
Safe in that blest abode. 

— J. I, Cover 

Sonora, California 



What do these words of Jesus mean to us? (Matthew 
5:29) M And if thy right eye offend thee, pluck it out, 
and cast it from thee; for it is profitable for thee 
that one of thy members should perish, and not that thy 
whole body should be cast into hell. 11 Also verse 30. 

Submitted by Kenneth Martin 

Jesus used similar language in Matthew 18:7-9 and 
Mark 9:43-49. These two are thought to be different 
accounts of the same event. 

The language is too plain to be mistaken. Unless we 
take it as Jesus addressing each of us we will miss its 
meaning and purpose. This purpose is to help us to 
judge sin in our bodies. 

At this time the priests, scribes and Pharisees were 
giving out their own decisions of the law of Moses con- 
cerning human conduct and sin. Out on the edge of the 
desert are thought to have lived about 4000 Jews in 
colonies seeking holiness and righteousness in rigid 
separateness. This was a protest of defiled temple 
worship, and an attempt to set up a code of sinlessness. 

Jesus used His prerogative as Son of God to declare, 
"I say unto you." The temple worship and desert col- 
onies both passed away but Jesus r words have lived and 
will live on to judge us in the last day. 

In Matthew 5:29-30 Jesus teaches at last four things. 


1) That sin is an affront and offense against God, 

2) That sin starts in the lusts and passions of our 
own sinful hearts: our own fallen Adam natures, 

3) That unjudged sin in the heart is destructive. 
"But every man is tempted, when he is drawn away of his 
own lust, and enticed. Then when lust hath conceived, 
it bringeth forth sin: and sin, when it is finished, 
bringeth forth death. " (James 1:14,15) 

4) That this death means to be cast into hell fire. 
(Mark 9:45) "Into the fire that never shall be 
quenched." (46 and 48) "Where their worm dieth not and 
the fire is not quenched." 

Jesus r word picture here is a man headed for this 
eternal fire because of his failing to control eye, 
hand or foot. Here one studies a member of his own 
body as the cause of falling into sin. The lustful eye 
gratified with the sight of a desired form starts a sin 
image in the heart. The lustful flesh hand also de- 
sires and accordingly helps the body to sin. The 
lustful foot takes the body to the place of temptation 
and of outward sin. Sin soon becomes habitual. Soon 
these members of the body are inclined and even trained 
in the habits of sin, 

Jesus was not teaching that God would be pleased for 
the sinning one to dismember and mutilate the body. 
But He is saying, "Better to lose a member of your body 
than to lose your soul in hell fire." 

Jesus used measured words when He spoke of hell and 
its eternal flame. We must not shade His words of 

He has not forgotten here that He was the Lamb of 
God "slain from the foundation of the world." He is 
simply teaching the sinfulness of sin. We shrink from 
His personal word to us. He does not say "Have it 
done." Noi You do it. You tear out the sinning eye 
and throw it away. You cut off the sinning hand and 
foot and throw them away. 

Unreasonable? It. is not as unreasonable as to 
practise sin, knowing that it will land us in hell 
fire. All excuses for sin are a reflection on our 
Creator and Redeemer P Christ Jesus. 


It is difficult indeed to envision the stress and 
strain of living of that time of history, A.D. 30, But 
this word of His is truly applicable to us. It gives 
a sense of body values as placed against the value of 
the immortal soul* May we let it speak to us when 
temptation arises. Let us name the temptation and flee 
from it, Yesl Let us talk to our Father about it. 

— James D. Cover 
Modesto, California 

Please explain: "Blessed is he that readeth, and 
they that hear the words of this prophecy, and keep 
those things which are written therein: for the time 
is at hand , 11 (Revelation 1:3) 

Submitted by Mary Kimmel 

The book of Revelation, written by St. John on the 
Isle of Patmos, is an important part of the New Testa- 
ment, and the above words can apply to the whole New 
Testament, This divine book reveals so much of the 
future, and the continued work of Jesus, now King of 
Kings and Lord of Lords, (Revelation 19:16) It goes 
on until, n From henceforth expecting till his enemies 
be made his footstool." (Hebrews 10:13) 

For the time is at hargj. The time was at hand for 
the words of Revelation to begin to be fulfilled. Jesus 
said to write to the seven churches of Asia. That was 
done; that part was fulfilled except what was to take 
place later. Some believe the messages to the seven 
churches of Asia tell of conditions affecting the church 
from then to the end of time, Jesus says, "He that 
hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto 
the churches." Many of the events foretold have now 
been fulfilled. We may now be in the time of safety 
and protection foretold in Revelation chapter 12, when 
to the woman was given two wings as a great eagle to 
fly to a place of safety. This time of protection may 
be near its close. The closing event may not have been 
fully fulfilled. We read, "And the dragon was wroth 
with the woman, and went to make war with the remnant 


of her seed, which keep the commandments of God, and 
have the testimony of Jesus Christ." (Revelation 12:1?) 
Dire persecution has been to believers in Russia. Will 
it spread to this country? It may. 

— J. I, Cover 

Sonora, California 

When John wrote "For the time is at hand" he surely 
meant "now" or "very soon." This was important to the 
Church at that time and also down through the ages. 
It meant that this book of Revelation, so full of en- 
couragement and promise of eventual victory, was for 
their profit and not to be applied only at some far 
future date. Some have well observed that Revelation 
has served the Church the way the book of Daniel served 
the Israelites in their captivity and trials. These 
portions of God's Word are rich with statements and 
examples of God's power to support and deliver through 
any trial or tribulation. We too have right to this 
encouragement and blessing if we "hear the words of 
this prophecy,and keep those things which are written 
therein: for the time is at hand." — L.C. 

Next month 1 s question: 

I Corinthians 11:29,30 reads, "For he that eateth 
and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation 
to himself, not discerning the Lord's body. For this 
cause many are weak and sickly among you, and many 
sleep." What is the weakness, sickliness and sleep 
referred to here? Is it physical or spiritual? 

Submitted by Milton Cook 

Anaheim, California 

You are invited to send your comments on this ques- 
tion or send a question of your own to The Pilgrim . 

ROYER-MARTIN: On June 8,1974 Timothy Royer and Linda 
Martin were united in Holy Matrimony at Southwest, Ind. 



ELLA RUTH MOHLER, daughter of Elihu X. and Emma 
(Murray) Flory, was born April 18, 18% at Covington , 
Ohio, She departed this life July 8, 1974 at Memorial 
North Hospital, Modesto, California after a brief ill- 
ness with heart attack, at the age of 80 years, 2 months 
and 21 days. 

She was married to Hermas 0. Mohler on April 23, 
1916. He preceded her in death on July 25, 1940. To 
this union were born seven children: Harold Murray, 
Kenneth Hugh, Merle Jordan, Daniel Weston, Bernice 
Louise Bauman, Marvin Lee, and Raymond Earl. 

She is survived by 26 grandchildren and 14 great- 
grandchildren; also two brothers, Floyd and Lester 
Flory, and two sisters, Ada Cover and Mildred Grum- 
packer. Two brothers, Murray K. and Lewis Earl Flory, 
preceded her in death. 

In her early years she was baptised in the Old 
German Baptist Church. The last two years of her life 
she was affiliated with the Old Brethren Church. 

Mother will be greatly missed by all who knew and 
loved her. We praise the Lord for our Christian heri- 
tage and loving examples which she left for us. We 
know our loss is her eternal gain. 

Funeral services were conducted July 12, 1974 at the 
Olive Grove Church, Ripon, California at 10:00 A.M. to 
a large assembly of brethren, sisters, nieghbors and 
friends who came to pay their last respects to one 
whose life reflected the Lord Jesus Christ, as she al- 
ways had a concern of others at heart. 

Elder Daniel Wolf officiated with Elder Walter 
Heinrich and Leslie Cover assisting. Scriptures used 
were II Corinthians 4:14 and St. John 11. Hymns selec- 
ted by the family were numbers 452, 444 > and 499. 

We laid her to rest beside her companion in the Wood 
Colony Cemetery to await the call of the Master. 

— The Family 



(In memory of all the Loved who have gone 
home to Glory. ) 

Gently, softly, one by one, 
Slipping quickly through the veil, 
Faces lifted, eyes alight, 
Eager steps upon the trail. 

Quickly passing friends who wait 
And strain with misty, yearning eyes, 
And hands that press a soft caress, 
And voices calling last goodbys. 

None, not one would hold them back, 
Or bind them here with cords of love* 
We bid them gladly hasten on 
To reach that Land of Life above. 

Free at last from earth 1 s stern hold; 
The bonds of clay flung lightly by; 
The dear ones gather on the shore 
Where perfect bliss and glory lie. 

And years that seemed so endless here 
Will fade like vapor on the way, 
When we, like they, step softly through 
Into the Land of Endless Day! 

— Vera Miller 

Tuolumne, California 


The Salida congregation have agreed, the Lord wil- 
ling, to hold our fall Love Feast on October 19 and 20 
of this year. A hearty invitation and welcome is ex- 
tended to members and friends to attend. 

—Daniel F. Wolf 




We have already seen in the history of the organiza- 
tion of the Brethren Church at Schwarzenau in 1708 , that 
they increased in number quite rapidly, until in 1715 
there was not only a large church at Schwarzenau, "but 
also in Marienborn a church was gathered, for the church 
in the Palatinate was persecuted and its members then 
came to Marienborn, and when the church here became 
large, it was also persecuted. Then those that were 
persecuted collected at Creyfeld, where they found lib- 
erty under the king of Prussia." 

We are also told in Brumbaugh ! s History of the 
Brethren , that M a third congregation was established at 
Epstein, and many members were living in Switzerland of 
whom we have no record." 

"At Marienborn Elder John Naas was the elder in 
charge. At Epstein Christian Libe was the elder, as- 
sisted by Abraham DuBoy. These congregations soon with- 
drew to Creyfeld, where John Naas was the senior elder 
and Christian Libe was second. Here, too, Peter Becker, 
who was, so far as we can learn, baptized at Epstein by 
Elder Libe, ministered to the congregation. 

Peter Becker was not an ordained elder in Europe* 
He was, however, a man of great fervency in prayer, and 
the leader of the singing in the congregation. He was 
not a good speaker, and led a very quiet life, drawing 
many to him in love and sympathy. He organized the 
first immigration of members to America, and landed with 
a goodly number at Germantown in 1719 • The Germantown 
members were, therefore, at the first a branch of the 
Creyfeld congregation." 

We are told this congregation had a division while 
at Creyfeld, which was occasioned by a young minister 
by the name of Hacker marrying a young woman outside of 
the church. A number of excommunications followed and 
the congregation became divided and eventually a large 


part of them, with Peter Becker, came to America in 


In "Mennonite Piety Through the Centuries," by* Robert 
Friedman, pages 62 and 63, there is mention of this con- 
gregation of "Dunkers or Dompelaars" coming to Creyfeld 
in 1715 , and of their influence while there. They are 
called "one of the strong and aggressive religious move- 
ments of the time," and "a very dynamic group," and are 
said to have deeply impressed the Mennonite s in Creyfelc^ 
many of xvhom, including several preachers, turned to 
them. It is also stated that a great part of them emi- 
grated to Pennsylvania in 1719. 

The original congregation at Schwarzenau is said to 
have flourished and grown in number until the death of 
Count Henry in 1720. After his death they were bitterly 
persecuted, and with Alexander Mack as their leader, 
they fled to Westervain in West Friesland (Holland), 
There they continued for nine years and grew numerically 
and in 1729 emigrated to Pennsylvania where they joined 
with the part of the Creyfeld congregation which had 
come in 1719. They sailed from Rotterdam July 7, 1729, 
and landed at Philadelphia September 15, 1729. M. G. 
Brumbaugh says (History of the Bret hren 9 page 45) that 
there were fifty-nine families in this company. 

In " Chronicles of the Brethren 11 by John Kimmel, p. 
27, it is said, n The members that came to America with 
Peter Becker in 1719, were dispersed on landing at 
Philadelphia and settled at various places about the 
city and the Schuylkill Valley remaining unorganized for 
four years* This year (1723) it was noised abroad among 
them that Christian Libe, one of the strongest preachers 
of the church in Europe, had arrived in Philadelphia. 
Many went to Germantown, the home of Peter Becker, ex- 
pecting to hear Christian Libe preach. The rumor was 
false. Christian Libe was not in America and never 
came. Peter Becker, however, held a meeting and in- 
structed the people . Later six persons applied for bap- 
tism. On Christmas day 1723 they were baptized in the 
Wissahickon Creek, being the first to join the church in 
America. That same day the Germantown congregation, the 
first in America, was organized with twenty-three 


members. Peter Becker was chosen elder , and that night 
they held their first communion at the house of John 

History of the Brethren , page 155 , says there were 
twenty families in the company that came in 1719* and 
in the following pages gives a more detailed account of 
the first organization at Germantown, and says, "The 
next autumn they undertook a general visitation to all 
their brethren in the whole country," which was started 
October 23, 1724. 

—Daniel F. Wolf 
Reprinted from The Pilgrim , August, 1957 


When you think, when you speak, when you read, when you A 
When you sing, when you walk, when you seek for delight, 
To be kept from all wrong when at home or abroad, 
Live always as under the eyes of your God. 

Whatever you think, never think what you feel 
You would blush in the presence of God to reveal; 
Whatever you speak in a whisper or clear, 
Say nothing you would not like Jesus to hear. . 

Whatever your read, though the page may allure, 
Read nothing of which you are not perfectly sure; 
Consternation at once would be seen in your look, 
If God should say solemnly, "Show me that book I" 

Whatever you write, though in haste or in heed, 
Write nothing you would not like Jesus to read; 
Whatever you sing in the midst of your glees, 
Sing nothing His listening ears would displease. 

Wherever you go, never go where you fear, 
Lest the great God should ask you, "How earnest thou here?" 
Turn away from each pleasure you'd shrink from pursuing 
If God should look down and say, "What are you doing?" 

Selected by James and Betty Beery 





Abram was 99 years old when God appeared unto him and 
told him that his name would be changed to Abraham. 
Abraham means, "A father of a great multitude." God had 
promised Abraham that He would make a great nation out 
of him. At this time Sarah had no children. God also 
told Abraham that Sarai's name would be changed to 
Sarah, which means "princess". 

Now we know that when people get old they don't have 
children born unto them; that is, they usually don't. 
Sarah had never had any children, and I suppose she 
thought, now that she was old, that she never would. 
But God had promised to make a great nation of Abraham. 

As Abraham was sitting in the door of his tent in the 
afternoon, three men appeared unto him. Abraham was a 
gracious man, and as the custom was at that time he 
bowed himself before them, got water to wash their fe&t, 
and had them rest in the shade of a tree until he got 
them something to eat. While Sarah baked some cakes of 
meal, Abraham selected a young calf from his herd and 
prepared it to eat. Then Abraham took the meat with 
butter and milk, and I suppose the cakes that Sarah had 
baked, and set it before the strangers. 

After the three men had eaten they asked Abraham 
where Sarah was and Abraham said she was in the tent. 
Then one of the men said that he would return unto 
Abraham again and by that time Sarah would have a son. 
Sarah had been listening and when she heard that she 
would have a son, she laughed to herself thinking, 
"Surely the man must be joking." 

Then the man said to Abraham, "Why did Sarah laugh? 
Is anything too hard for the Lord?" 

Yes, Sarah did have a son and called him "Isaac". 
And one of the three men that talked with Abraham that 
day was the Lord. Do we think there is anything too 
hard for the Lord? Jesus says, "With God, all things 
are possible. " — Rudy Cover 


VOL. 21 AUGUST & SEPTEMHSR, 1974 NOS. 8 & 9 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


I stand amazed in the presence 

Of Jesus the Nazarene, 
And wonder how He could love me, 

A sinner condemned, unclean. 

For me it was in the garden 

He prayed, n Not my will, but Thine, 11 

He had no tears for His own griefs, 
But sweat drops of blood for mine. 

In pity angels beheld Him, 

And came from the world of light 

To comfort Him in the sorrows 
He bore for my soul that night. 

When with the ransomed in glory 

His face I at last shall see, 
1 Twill be my joy through the ages 

To sing of His love for me. 

How marvelous I how wonderful I 
And my song shall ever be: 
How marvelous 1 , how wonderful I 
Is my Saviour's love for me! 

—Charles H. Gabriel, 1856-1932 

• • • • . 

"THE FML-GR11V1 is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 


We have written in several former articles, in the 
past, considerable about Satan and his conspiracy a- 
gainst God and how, through intrigue and subtle "de- 
vices", he induced our first parents in Eden to trans- 
gress and sin against God, And brought about their 
fall and expulsion from Paradise; and the subsequent 
sorrow, fear and death that came upon all their pos- 
terity: ,r And so death passed upon all men, for that 
all have sinned ,» (Romans 5*12) Romans 3:9-19 says, 
"For we have before proved both Jews and Gentiles, that 
they are all under sin; as it is written, There is none 
righteous, no, not one: There is none that under- 
state th, there is none that seeketh after God. They 
are all gone out of the way, they are together become 
unprofitable; there is none that doeth good, no, not 
one. . . Nov: we know that what things soever the law 
saith, it saith to them who are under the law: that 
every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may be- 
come GUILTY before God/ 1 

Such was the condition of humanity at the close of 
the third chapter of Genesis* And had it not been for 
the lovo and merciful disposition of God and His "eter- 
nal pjxpos? which he purposed in Christ Jesus our 
Lord", 1 ' we cay Cur Bible may well have contained only 
three chapters—ending with the third chapter of 

Genesis o 

The above quoted scripture describes the whole human 
race in the same position before God as the convicted 
criminal staraiiiig fcsfore a court of justice waiting for 
the sentence of death, which is his just due for the 
crime committed, and unless he is pardoned or his sen- 
tence commuted he must surely die. But, if guilty, 
why should he be pardoned? All voices of right and 
justice join to declare that the sentence is just. 
Even so: the law of God says, "The soul that sinneth, 
it shall die." 


But man was created a "living soul," and all evi- 
dence indicates that he was made to live and not die; 
for he was made in the image and glory of God. The 
tree of life was also present with them. Adam and his 
children were intended to be the children of God , and 
have fellowship with him and live forever. Titus 1*2 
says, n In hope of eternal life, which God, that cannot 
lie, promised before the world began." Jesus says 
(Matthew 25:34), "Come, ye blessed of my Father, in- 
herit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation 
of the world." 

Thus God made us to live and be happy, and He lov- 
ingly and mercifully warned our fore-parents in Eden to 
not eat of the forbidden tree: "For in the day thou 
eatest thereof thou shalt surely die." But it happened 
unto them as the Apostle Paul says in Romans 7:10, "And 
the commandment, which was ordained to life, I found to 
be unto death. For sin, taking occasion by the confr- 
mandment, deceived me, and by it slew me J 1 By their 
act of disobedience they created what may have beeft-the 
greatest problem in the universe — that of how they 
could be forgiven. 

We think it safe to say here that even in this con- 
dition, at no time did God ever lose His love for them; 
and their expulsion from Paradise was an act of mercy 
so they could be redeemed from tne sin now incurred. 

It has been said that the love of God would have 
pardoned the sinner, but His righteousness forbade Him; 
the righteousness of God would have judged the sinner, 
but His love restrained Him. A certain poet has said, 
"See from his head, his hands, his feet^ sorrow and 
love flow mingled down; did e f er such love and sorrow 
meet? or thorns compose so rich a crown?" We are told 
in the Bible that when man became totally sinful, "it 
repented God that he had made man on the earth, and it 
grieved him at his heart." Thus sorrow and love met 
and created a problem which only a God of love and 
wisdom and might could solve. 

We feel certain that the love of God disposed Him at 
all times to pardon the erring sinner who was beguiled 
into disobedience. But God is also the executive and 


administrator of universal law and justice, and He 
could not ignore the sin or pardon the sinner without 
endangering the peace and security of all holy beings 
in the universe. To not execute the penalty for sin 
could encourage further disobedience and rebellion and 
would have the effect of setting aside the law of jus- 
tice, and it would not be right and just for the peace 
and tranquillity of holy beings to be disturbed by the 
lawless and disobedient. 

We know now that sin can be forgiven, for it is 
freely and graciously offered upon condition of repent- 
ance and return to obedience. "Repent, and be baptized 
every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the 
remission of sins, and ye shall receive the gift of the 
Holy Ghost. "■ (Acts 2:38) "Repent ye therefore, and be 
converted, that your sins may be blotted out, when the 
times of refreshing shall come from the presence of the 
Lord." (Acts 3:19) "But now (God) commandeth all men 
everywhere to repent." (Acts 17:30) 

All of this has been made possible by the ATONEMENT 
which Jesus made by giving Himself as a sacrifice for 
sin on Calvary's Cross. But if it had not been done 
no one would know that it was possible to be done. But 
someone may say, could not God forgive without the 
atonement? and why was it necessary for Jesus to suffei? 
If He would have forgiven without the atonement its 
effect would have been wholly demoralizing. Sinners 
would have no respect for God or His law or the welfare 
of holy beings. The justice of God's law could not 
permit Him to forgive without something being done to 
establish respect for His authority and to secure the 
peace and tranquillity of the law-abiding. Isaiah 42: 
21 says, "The Lord is well pleased for his righteous- 
ness' sake; he will magnify the law, and make it hon- 
ourable . " 

A certain writer has said, "It is not good for the 
soul to apprehend the mercy of God without regarding 
the conditions of its exercise; it does not sufficient- 
ly impress the soul with a sense of justice and holi- 
ness of God, with the guilt and just desert of sin. 


Until a sense of justice is perceived, mercy cannot be 
appreciated. M 

It has also been said, "That with the coming and 
Atonement of Christ, now at last two great questions 
could be answered, and those answeres were essential to 
a satisfactory solution of the problem of a morally 
disturbed universe. These questions were: HOW CAN A 
IT? The triumph-song (of the redeemed) indicates that 
the solution of these problems and the victory of the 
heavenly host are one and the same thing. 1 ' 

The most gracious demonstration of love possible is 
to forgive. We believe that love is the only motive to 
forgiveness. Any other motive activated would be to 
seek vengeance. 

We recently heard the remark made that "When one 
sins presumptuously, he cannot repent but must go 
through the fire to be purified and redeemed; n the in- 
ference being that he can thus pay for his sin. True; 
it is the just desert for sin. "For the wages of sin 
is death." But how can anyone pay for sin in any. way 
to redeem himself, or make himself acceptable to 
the one offended? Eternal life is the GIFT of God. 
What reason or necessity would thers be for Jesus to 
make an ATONEMENT for sin if the sinner could be re- 
deemed by his own suffering for sin which is his just 

If we have offended or wounded the heart's feeling 
of a loved one, how can we "pay" THEM for it? Do they 
wish any pay? If a man were to desert his wife and 
children, and give his love to another, can he ever 
purchase her forgiveness with gifts? Mould she delight 
in seeing him suffer if she loved him still? No amount 
of PAY from him, of either goods or suffering, could 
ever satisfy the "hurt" inflicted. If he is ever for- 
given, it will be from a heart of love and not for any 
price paid by him. 

Even so: the only motive for God to forgive sin is 
from a heart of love, and not for any price paid by the 


offender . He has nothing with which to pay (for re- 
demption) . When a debt is paid there is no need for 
forgiveness. There must be a consideration other than 
what the offender can give to justify forgiveness. The 
guilty can make no sacrifice because they have no value 
to bring; their "value 11 is like the worthless money of 
a fallen government. 

But the innocent has infinite value and can offer a 
sufficient sacrifice to atone for sin. "When thou 
shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see 
his seed (children by the new birth), he shall prolong 
his days, and the pleasure of the Lord shall prosper in 
his hand. He (God) shall see of the travail of his 
(Christ's) soul, and shall be satisfied." God is 
"satisfied" with the offering (Atonement) made for sin 
which was the dearest and most precious value in all 
the universe. "For by one offering he hath perfected 
forever them that are sanctified. . ♦ And their sins 
and iniquities will I remember no more. Now where re- 
mission of these is, there is NO MORE OFFERING FOR SIN." 

All the conditions and means necessary, and possi- 
ble, to justify God in forgiving sins were met in the 
Atonement. And since its sole purpose was to redeem 
the sinner and induce reform, the great wisdom of God is 
shown therein in that it at once demonstrates to all 
moral beings the magnitude of the offence, and the in- 
finite love of God for His beloved and erring creature. 
"And I, if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw all. 
men unto me." "But God commendeth his love toward us, 
in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us. 
Much more then, being now justified by his blood, we 
shall be saved from wrath through him. For if when we 
were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of 
his Son, much more, being reconciled, we shall be saved 
by his life. And not only so, but we also joy in God 
through our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom we have now re- 
ceived the ATONEMENT." —Daniel F. Wolf 

BRUBAKER - A son, Peter Seth, born August 15 to Stanley 
and Janice Bru baker of Nappanee, Indiana. 




I Corinthians 11:29,30 reads, "For he that eateth 
and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation 
to himself, not discerning the Lord's body. For this 
cause many are weak and sickly among you, and many 
sleep. " What is the weakness, sickliness and sleep 
referred to here? Is it physical or spiritual? 


Submitted by Milton Cook 
Anaheim, California 

I believe it is a spiritual condition referred to 
here. Revelation 3:17 says, "Thou art wretched, and 
miserable, and poor, and blind, and naked." These are 
all spiritual sicknesses and would lead to death, if 
allowed to continue. Leave off by degrees, prayer and 
watchfulness; faith grows weak and spiritual sickness 
ensues I 

The remed ies mu st be ap plied: Gold, the word, of God; 
white raiment indicates living right and : holy lives. 
So we can exclaim, "0 for the robes of whiteness! 
for the tearless eye I for the glorious brightness 
of the unclouded skies;" 

— J. I. Cover 

Sonora, California 

We will first note that these are Christians. Paul 
addressed them as "The church of God, which is at 
Corinth," and appeals to them as "brethren" frequently. 

The "a man" (v. 28), the "he, himself" (v. 28-29) 
gives a personal emphasis of instruction and warning 
to each brother and sister in Christ. 

The case is one of unconfessed and unrepented sin 
in the life. Jesus taught that we must also forgive, 
and in confession and forgiveness we too are forgiven. 
He, knowing our human frailties, as Paul found in 


Romans 7* taught us the perfect manner of prayer and 
of getting right with God. 

The light of the Spirit and of the Word was shining 
indeed in Corinth. But the Christians were in sin in 
many ways. They had grieved the Holy Spirit who then 
burdened the Apostle to write this letter. Each 
Christian must take inward action of self- judgment in 
all honesty or know the chastening hand of God. 

There was a wave of religious excitement indeed in 
their meetings. But there was also drunkenness and 
gluttony at the Lord ! s table. Spiritual life was de- 
teriorating. Different forms of sin were outstanding 
and different sects starting. 

All sin, secret and open, in the body hinders the 
soul from feasting on the "flesh and blood" of the Lord 
Jesus, (John 6:53) The soul suffers first from "lean- 
ness" and dryness. The Christian becomes "weak" where 
he or she should be strong. There is a sickliness of 
soul inwardly and outwardly apparent. There is a 
sleepy attitude toward the Spirit and word of God, 
where no point of decision is reached. The term "weak 
brother" is a compassionate Bible word. 

The health of the body of such a "weak" brother or 
sister may well become affected. Here again one must 
judge himself and not his brother. 

The word "sleep" here is given in some translations 
as "death". It supposes premature death before the 
sinning one sins the "sin unto death" (I John 5:16), 
as interpreted by some. Others see it as their already 
having so sinned and having accordingly died. Great 
care must be exercised here that we do not "wrest the 
Scriptures" to enter into the judging of a dear stray- 
ing or suffering brother or sister. God's chastisement 
shows He still loves His straying child and so must 
we — nor is good health a sign of sinless living. 

It is not easy to drop back into the witness and 
problems of these Christians of the first century. But 
it is plain that when any one of them approached the 
table of the Lord with un judged sin in the life, they 
were taking the part of the sinners who condemned Jesus 
and nailed Him to the cross. Of course, this is also 


true wherever sin is allowed , un judged in the heart, 

— James D« Cover 
Modesto, California 


"This is my commandment, That ye love one another, 
as I have loved you* Greater love hath no man than 
this that a man lay down his life for his friends. 11 

■ John 15:12,13 

God's love is truly central in His dealings with man. 
It is the building, healing, saving power of God, The 
opposite is hatred, the attribute of God's adversary, 
which destroys, wounds and takes away life. Perhaps 
this is why it is said that love and hate met at the 
cross. Satan showed his hatred in trying to destroy 
Jesus and His work. And God's saving love was proven 
victorious as salvation for man was brought into being. 

We are- asked to love like Jesus loves. It is a big 
order; one not accomplished by the flesh. It is a work 
of the Spirit. Nevertheless, Jesus commands that we 
love and has ennabled us to do it if we are willing, 
"...the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by 
the Holy Ghost which is given unto us." (Romans 5:5) 

Hebrews 12:13 says, "For consider him that endured 
such contradiction of sinners against himself, lest 
ye be wearied and faint in your minds." Consider Jesus 
when He was on trial. Pilate's soldiers and Herod's 
all insulted and mocked and injured Him. But it seems 
that the worst came from His own people. Matthew 26: 
67,68 says, "Then did they spit in his face, and buf- 
feted him: and others smote him with the palms of their 
hands, Saying, Prophesy unto us, thou Christ, Who is 
he that smote thee?" Consider that He had the power tt> 
retaliate with swift judgment but that He held His 
peace because of His love for them and for us. 

There is a story of a farmer who heard a commotion 
at the chicken house and found a hen being savagely 
attacked by a hawk. He drove the hawk away, but it was 
too late to save the hen. He wondered why she had not 
run for cover like the rest of the chickens. But when 

Continued on page 14 

10 T HF, PTT frR TM 



MORGAN EDWARDS, who was a contemporary with the 
Brethren of Colonial America, wrote a History of the 
Baptists in Pennsylvania, 1770, and is cited by M. G. 
Brumbaugh (History of the Brethren, 1899) 5 and Floyd 
E. Mallot (Studies in Brethren History, 1954), as the 
chief source of information contained in this article, 
A careful comparison has also been made with Chronicles 
of the Brethren, by J. M. Kimmel, 1951. 

From the above named sources, fifteen congregations 
are listed in Pennsylvania by the year 1770, with about 
763 members; 8 ordained ministers and 13 ,! exhorters n . 
These fifteen congregations include the Ephratah Society 
with 135 members (of which more will be said later). 
One congregation in New Jersey is also included in the 
above number, and there ware possibly three congre- 
gations in Maryland before 1775 which are not included. 
So that by the year 1775 it is estimated that the 
Brethren Church in America numbered about 800 souls. 

Brumbaugh quotes Morgan Edwards' list of these 
churches in Pennsylvania, with the names of the members 
in each of them to the year 1770 (excluding Ephratah), 
which will b^ given here; their location; date of or*- 
ganidation, and names of the first ministers; but for 
want oi space the names of members in each of them will 
be omitted; 

1. GERMAN TOWN: First organization in America: or- 
ganized Dec. 25, 1723; Peter Becker first min- 

2. COVENTRY, Chester Co. Pa., was the second, and 
was organized Nov. 7, 1724; Martin Urner was 
first resident Elder. 

3* CONESTOGA, Lancaster Co. Pa., was the third; or- 
ganized Nov. 12, 1724, by Peter Becker who was 


their minister until 1734, when Michael Frantz 
was baptized and given the oversight under Peter 
Becker, One year later he was ordained and 
given full charge. 

There are a number of interesting things to relate 
about this church: CONRAD BEISSEL, founder of Ephratah, 
was baptized here by Peter Becker on the day it was or- 
ganized and one month later was pat in the ministry and 
given charge, under Becker, Four years later he with- 
drew from the Brotherhood , and in 1732, with many of 
the members following him, founded Ephratah, a " semi- 
mystical and monastic society]* at Ephratah, Lancaster 
Go. Pa. Several of these buildings are still standing 
and are being preserved by the Historical Society of 
Pennsylvania and are now open to visitors. 

The members who did not follow Beissel were reorgan- 
ized by Michael Frantz Sept. 29, 1734. He remained 
their leader till near the time of his death in 1748. 
After this reorganization it is said, "The spirit of 
revival manifested itself in the Church 11 and before the 
close of the same year (1734) 19 members were added to 
them, and the Church which consisted of but 20 members 
when Elder Frantz commenced his labors in it increased 
to about 200 during the 13 years of his ministry, 
Michael Pfautz succeeded Elder Frantz, being ordained 
only a few weeks before Elder Frantz died. It is said 
that his labors were not only ardent, but from the re- 
cords of the Church they appear to have been greatly 
blessed, for during the first year of his oversight 57 
persons were added to the church, and during the fol- 
lowing years, until 1755, nearly 100 more were added. 
Many of these members migrated South and West to form 
new congregations before the close of the Colonial 

4. THE 01 EY CONGREGATION, Berks Co. Pa., was or- 
ganized by Peter Becker in 1732. 

5 # GREAT SWAMP, Berks Co. Pa., was first ministered 
to by John Naas from Amwell, N. J. in 1733, and 
formally organized in 1735 by Peter Becker and 
Martin Urner. 


6« WHITE OAK, Lancaster Co. Pa., near Lit it z, was 
organized by Michael Frantz in 1736> but members 
were living there as early as 1729. 

7. LITTLE CONEWAGO; First church in York Co. Pa., 
20 miles from York and 107 miles S.W. of Phila- 
delphia, west of the Susquehanna River; organ- 
ized in 1738 by Daniel Leatherman. In 1865 a- 
bout 40 families migrated to Illinois, a number 
of them settling around Astoria. Names among 
them were: Hamms, Banners > Stremmels, Mummerts, 
Lerews, Millers, Fitzes, Geimans, and Eberts. 

8. CONEWAGO: Second church in York Co. Pa., 14 
miles from York, established in 1741. George 
Adam Martin was baptized at Coventry, came to 
to this place via Conestoga and was their first 

George Adam Martin was a member of the Reformed 
Church before he joined the Brethren at Coventry. He 
made a separation in the Conewago congregation and drew 
away about 60 members with him, the result of which was 
the Bemud ian congregation. Later he joined the 
Ephratah Society under Beissel. George Adam Martin 
was directly instrumental in founding the "Annual 
Meeting" among the Brethren in 1742 > It appears that 
he had never fully accepted the Brethren's doctrine, 
because it is said in History of the Brethren (page 
331) j ''He objected to the Brethren because they argued 
at the subsequent Annual Meetings for the order and 
practice established at Schwartzenau. . . He also took 
offence because, as he says, *at the very commencement 
they (the Brethren) adopted needless restrictions, in 
that they did not allow any one who was not baptized to 
partake of the Holy Sacrament. 1 He did not kindly re- 
ceive admonition j because, as he says, 'Everybody who 
knew me considered me a great doctor of Holy Writ. ,M 
He did not succeed in drawing the Bermudian congrega- 
tion with him to Ephratah, and Daniel Leatherman became 
their Elder. 


9. NORTHKILL, Berks Co., Pa,, organized 1748 by 
Elder Michael Frantz, and in 1750 Elder George 
Kleine was placed in charge. 

10. GREAT 3WATARA, Dauphin Co. Pa., dates from 1752, 
when George Miller was baptized by Elder Michael 
Pfautz. It was formally organized in 1756 with 
Elder Frantz in charge. 

11. LITTLE SWATARA, Berks Co. Pa., was organized in 
1757. Peter Heckman was their first minister. 

12. C0D0HQS, York Co. Pa., eleven miles from York; 
organized in 1758 by Jacob Banner. Among its 
first members were Rudy Yount, Peter Brillhart, 
John Brillhart, and Henry Neff . Jacob Danner 
was the son of Henry Banner, who was a prominent 
man in the history of York Co. and one of the 
five commissioners who layed off the county in 

13. BEHMJDIAN CONGREGATION, York Co. Pa., already 
mentioned as the result of George Adam Martin's 
withdrawal from Conestcga, and came under the 
control of Conrad Beissel in 1758. When Martin 
could not carrjr this Church with him into the 
Seventh Bay Baptist Church, he left it and went 
farther west into Bedford Co. and founded Stony 

14. STONY CREEK, Bedford Co. Pa., founded in 1762 by 
George Adam Martin, at the time a Seventh Day 
Baptist. The congregation at first held with 
him but later returned to the practice and faith 
of the Brethren Church. 

Of the Colonial period M. G. Brumbaugh says, "The 
growth from 1724 to 1770 was good. The Church prospered. 
Her elders were noble men. They wrought wisely and well. 
It was no small matter to travel long distances in a 
wilderness, preach in private houses, organize new con- 
gregations, and at the same time maintain a growing fam- 
ily in a new country. Add to this the fact that the 
Brethren were all Germans, that the population was 


dominantly English and their success was wonderful. 
Surely the Lord was with them. 11 

—Daniel F. Wolf 
Modesto, California 

Editorial (Continued from page 9) 
he moved her body, he found she had baby chicks and 
would not leave them* The chicks were alive but smeared 
with the blood of the mother who protected them. This 
reminds us of Jesus who bore the attacks of Satan on 
the cross for us. Perhaps In the mother hen It was not 
love so much as instinct, but it was given by our loving 
God who knows what it means to care for His own. 

Jesus 1 account about the one lost sheep is no doubt 
a better illustration. The Good Shepherd was willing 
to leave the ninety and nine and go into the mountains 
to find one sheep that was lost. Why? Not that He 
considered it profitable and worth the time^ but because 
He had compassion on the lost one. 

When we are tempted to leave the way of self-sacri- 
ficing lova or tempted to n get even 1 ' let us remember 
our perfect example. Love does not try to get even or 
we would not have salvation. n Love beareth all things, 
believeth all things, hopeth all things, endureth all 
things. 11 And it never fails. — L»C e 


We, the member:;- of the Old Brethren Church in Canada, 
Ohio and Indiana have agreed to hold our .fall Love Feasts 
In Canada September 29 , and at the Wakarusa, Indiana 
meeting house October 26 & 27 ^ the Lord willing. 

We extend a hearty invitation to members and friends 

to be with us at these meetings. _.. ^ , 

& — Elmer Brovont 

The Salida congregation have agreed, the Lord wil- 
ling, to hold our fall Love Feast on October 19 & 20 
of this year. A hearty invitation and welcome is ex- 
tended to members and friends to attend. 

—Daniel F. Wolf 



Dearest darling, at your coming, 
Precious jewel from above; 

In the time that you are homing, 
Going to the land of love. 

While the golden bells in ringing 
Welcome every traveller home: 

And sweet angel voices singing 
Sweetest music as they come. 

We below are sad and lonely, 
Taken from us far away; 

For your presence cheering only, 
In the labors of the day. 

We are thankful for your staying, 
We are saddened when jow go: 

We have seen your happy playiag, 
Innocence as white as snow. 

Now bereaved and lonely going. 
Look upon us at your place: 

Send a message of sweet knowing, 
Happiness in saving grace. 

For the joys of life eternal 
Just beyond the setting sun; 

In the land of regions vernal, 
May be had by everyone 

Who believe in Jesus Saviour, 
Who will follow in His way; 

Will obtain His royal favor 
In the land of living day. 

— J. I. Cover 

Sonora, California 




Genesis 18:20-33; 19:12-28 

Sodom and Gomorrah were two cities which were very- 
wicked and sinful. The people who lived there were so 
sinful that God had determined to destroy them. Lot, 
Abraham's nephew, was a righteous man and lived in 
Sodom. Why he wanted to stay there with his wife and 
family, I don f t know, but that's the way it was. 

When Abraham understood that the Lord had considered 
destroying Sodom, he pleaded with the Lord about it and 
finally said, "If there are only ten righteous people 
found in the city, will you save it?" 

And the Lord said, "I will not destroy it for ten's 
sake . " 

But there were not ten righteous people in Sodom and 
the Lord sent two angels to warn Lot to get out of the 
city before it was too late. So Lot went out and spoke 
to his sons-in-law, who had married his daughters, and 
aaid, "Get out of this place, for the Lord will destroy 
this city." His sons-in-law must have been wicked men 
because they didn't believe him; not a thing that Lot 
said could move them out of the city. 

In the morning of the next day the two angels aaid 
to Lot, "Arise, take your wife and your two daughters 
and get out of the city." I suppose Lot still thought 
he could persuade his sons-in-law to come too, so he 
still waited. Finally the angels took hold of Lot's 
hand, and his wife's hand, and the hands of his two 
daughters and brought them out of the city and they said 
unto Lot, "Escape for thy life, look not behind you , 
neither stay in the plain, but escape to the mountain 
lest you be consumed." 

As they were running away from Sodom Lot's wife 
looked back and was turned into a pillar of salt. Only 
Lot and his two daughters escaped from that wicked city 
of Sodom. To disobey God's word is to invite disaster. 
Remember Lot's wife. — Rudy Cover 


VOL. 21 

OCTOBER, 1974 NO. 10 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 

Thou God of my salvation 
My Redeemer from all sin; 

Moved by Thy divine compassion. 
Who hast died my heart to win, 

I will praise Thee; 
Where shall I Thy praise begin? 

Though unseen, I love the Savior; 

He hath brought salvation near; 
Manifests His pardoning favor; 

And when Jesus doth appear, 
Soul and body 

Shall His glorious image bear. 

While the angel choirs are crying 
Glory to the great I AM, 

1 with them will still be vying— 
Glory I glory to the Lambi 

how precious 
Is the sound of Jesus ? name I 

Selected by Sylvia Wolf 


"THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 


Ah flesh I When will thy power be gone? We think 
of the words of our beloved hymn: "This robe of flesh 
I'll drop and rise to seize the everlasting prize." 
What do these words mean to us? When we think of 
putting off our robe of flesh, is it with dread? Do 
we fear the unknown and wish we could always dwell in 
this natural body so familiar to us? Or do we look 
forward with great joy to the day when we might be re- 
created as perfect and sinless beings, clothed upon 
with righteousness? 

The Christian is taught by the Word to think about 
his natural body in two completely different ways. 
First, we see it as a very wonderful and special crea- 
tion of God, something pure and upright. Created after 
Gk)d ! s own image, it is capable of using its mental and 
physical gifts for its own good. It can build, carry, 
plant, reap, provide for its own, and do hundreds of 
good and necessary things. It stands unique in the 
creation of God as a being well suited to be the dwell- 
ingplace of an eternal soul. All the learnings of 
true science and medicine cause us to marvel at its 
workings and ways. 

But like nearly every other precious and worthwhile 
thing, this body can be defiled. And when Eve fed 
herself and her husband the forbidden fruit, they 
brought that defilement not on themselves alone, but 
on the entire human race. We need not study genetics 
to see how the curse of sin spread as a scourging 
plague through the family of man. Sorrow, disease and 
the promised penalty of death came to us all. 

The second way, then, that the Christian looks at 
his body is far from pleasant. He sees it as something 
filled with iniquity and nurtured in sin. He sees it 
cursed by its natural instincts and tormented by its 


own desires, seemingly bent on self-satisfaction and 
self-destruction* Even as sin transformed a beautiful 
angel of God into a furious and devilish being void of 
all goodness, so has it changed the human body from a 
wonderful thing to a messenger of death . To the un- 
godly man his body is a slowly-dying testimony of com- 
ing judgment. To the Christian it is a continual vex- 
ation and temptation, something that has raised the 
ugly head of its selfwill and stubbornness against him 
and has vowed to destroy the soul that it carries. Our 
body is the battlefield of our soul, and dwelling here 
is like sleeping with a snake and trying not to be 

It is no strange thing, then, that Paul cries out to 
the Romans, "0 wretched man that I ami who shall de- 
liver me from the body of this death?" He had learned 
one of the Christian's saddest lessons, that "when I 
would do good, evil is present with me. n How wonderful 
it will be when we can serve God without this law of 
the flesh applying to us. 

Because there are so many Scriptures that deal with 
this subject we think it sufficient to just quote some 
of them and let the reader ponder them at will. How 
important it is that we look at God's Word with an un- 
prejudiced mind, praying for wisdom from above to un- 
derstand. Then when we do understand we must beware 
lest we neglect to apply to our lives what we have 

Mark 7:21-23 For from within, out of the heart of 
men, proceed evil thoughts, adulteries, fornications, 
murders, thefts, covetousness, wickedness, deceit, 
lasciviousness, an evil eye, blasphemy, pride, foolish- 
ness: all these evil things come from within, and de- 
file the man. 

Romans 6:11-13 Likewise reckon ye also yourselves 
to be dead indeed unto sin, but alive unto God through 
Jesus Christ our Lord. Let not sin therefore reign in 
your mortal body, that ye should obey it in the lusts 
thereof. Neither yield ye your members as instruments 
of unrighteousness unto sin: but yield yourselves unto 


God j as those that are alive from the dead, and your 
members as instruments of righteousness unto God. 

Romans 7 ? 18-8 : 1 For I know that in me (that is, in 
my flesh,) dwelleth no good thing: for to will is 
present with me; but how to perform that which is good 
I find not. For the good that I would I do not: but 
the evil which I would not, that I do. Now if I do 
that I would not, it is no more I that do it, but sin 
that dwelleth in me. I find then a law, that, when I 
would do good, evil is present with me. For I delight 
in the law of God after the inward man: but I see an- 
other law in my members, warring against the law of my 
mind, and bringing me into captivity to the law of sin 
which is in my members. wretched man that I ami who 
shall deliver me from the body of this death? I thank 
God through Jesus Christ our Lord. So then with the 
mind I myself serve the law of God; but with the flesh 
the law of sin. There is therefore now no condemnation 
to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after 
the flesh, but after the Spirit. 

Romans 8:5-8 For they that are after the flesh do 
mind the things of the flesh; but they that are after 
the Spirit the things of the Spirit. For to be car- 
nally minded is death; but to be spiritually minded is 
life and peace. Because the carnal mind is enmity a- 
gainst God: for it is not subject to the law of God, 
neither indeed can be. So then they that are in the 
flesh cannot please God. 

Romans 8:13 For If ye live after the flesh, ye 
shall die: but if ye through the Spirit do mortify the 
deeds of the body, ye shall live.. 

Romans. 8:18 For I reckon that the sufferings of 
this present time are not worthy to be compared with 
the glory which shall be revealed in us. (Here, we have 
a wonderful promise to encourage us as we battle the 
flesh; let r s remember it . ) 

Romans 12:1 I beseech you therefore, brethren, by 
the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living 
sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your 
reasonable service . 


Romans 13:14 But put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ, 
and make not provision for the fleshy to fulfill the 
lusts thereof, 

I Corinthians 9:27 But I keep under my body, and 
bring it into subjection: lest that by any means , when 
I have preached to others , I myself should be a cast- 
away, (If Paul would not have done this, would he have 
had the right to say later, "There is laid up for me a 
crown of righteousness. 11 ?) 

II Corinthians 5:6-8 Therefore we are always con- 
fident, knowing that, whilst we are at home in the body, 
we are absent from the Lord: (For we walk by faith, not 
by sight:) We are confident, I say, and willing rather 
to be absent from the body, and to be present with the 

II Corinthians 7:1 Having therefore these promises, 
dearly beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from all filth- 
iness of the flesh and spirit, perfecting holiness in 
the fear of God. 

I Peter 2:11 Dearly beloved, I beseech you as stran- 
gers and pilgrims, abstain from fleshly lusts, which 
war against the soul. 

I Peter 3:18 For Christ also hath once suffered for 
sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us 
to God, being put to death in the flesh, but quickened 
by the Spirit. 

I Peter 4:1,2 Forasmuch then as Christ hath suf- 
fered for us in the flesh, arm yourselves likewise with 
the same mind: for he that hath suffered in the flesh 
hath ceased from sin; that he no longer should live the 
rest of his time in the flesh to the lusts of men, but 
to the will of God. 

We see from these Scriptures that we must suffer in 
the flesh, and deny it of anything that would nourish 
it or allow it to become stronger than the Spirit within 
us. Even our most common natural desires, such as eat- 
ing and sleeping, can become sin if not disciplined by 
the Spirit (see Proverbs 6:6-10, I Peter 4:3). 

We see then that the skillful soldier of God is a 
serious and self-disciplined individual who, like Paul, 
carefully keeps his body under the Spirit's control. 


Like Jesus , who after His baptism was forty days with- 
out food or physical comforts of any kind, we must be 
willing to do whatever the Spirit tells us. When Jesus 
was weak (physically) even then was He strong spirit- 
ually and able to overcome the tempter. We must care- 
fully examine our motive in all the daily things that 
we do and continually ask ourselves, "Why am I doing 
this?" and, "Is this good for me spiritually?" 

What Christian is there who doesn't feel the warfare 
in his body — the Spirit of God trying to lift his soul 
to eternal life, the spirits of Satan trying to "drag it 
down to hell? If we feel no conflict it must be that 
we have surrendered to the enemy and are already con- 

If we do feel the battle, rejoice. We have every 
reason to be confident that we can overcome — not of 
ourselves, but by the Spirit of Almighty God. "Blessed 
is the man that endureth temptation." Let's not com- 
plain and pray for God to remove us from all temptation, 
but let's endure and rejoice rather that His mercy has 
provided for us to overcome. Soon enough, when the 
Father sees fit, we will rest. "Greater is he that is 
in you than he that is in the world." Worthy of nothing, 
we have all. 

In Christian concern, 
Stanley K. Bru baker 
Nappanee , Indiana 


It is a matter of record that the early Christians 
refused even to bear arms, and that not until 300 years 
had passed and Christianity was about to become a state 
religion, was the Christian doctrine perverted to ac- 
commodate the ambitions of the ruling powers, who de- 
sired to turn the population into a huge fighting ma- 
chine. The "early fathers" were uniform in their de- 
nunciations of war. Origen, Ambrose, Chrysostom, 
Jerome, Cyril, all declared it to be unlawful for 
Christians to go to war. Justin Martyr in the second 


century wrote, "The devil is the author of all war/* 
to which both Fabian and Clement gave assent in terms 
almost identical. Cyprian called it "a pagan custom, 
repugnant to the spirit of the Gospel." Tertullian 
wrote, "Our religion teaches that it is better to be 
killed than to kill," and Lactantius declared, "It can 
never be lawful for a riglrteous man to go to war, whose 
warfare is righteousness itself." 

For two whole centuries Christians declined to serve 
in the army as being an unlawful profession, and Ter- 
tullian bears witness that from 170 to 200 A.D. there 
were no Christians in the Roman Legions. They were 
called "the followers of peace, who used none of the 
instruments of war." Even as late as 280 A.D. many 
Roman soldiers, becoming converts to Christianity, 
left the army. 

Thus it is clearly shown that not until the Christian 
Church became an arm of the Roman state was it led to 
forsake God and the life of faith and become an instru- 
ment of deadly strife. Since that time "Christian 
war," under the church ! s sanction, has added to the 
world's disgrace. To this all history testifies in 
the Crusades, the inquisitions, the martyrdoms, and 
the massacres of past centuries, up to the present 
time of gigantic fleets and armies and bloodsoaked 
battlefields, with the millions who have perished by 
consent and approval of the Christianity of our day. 
The Church, commissioned to go into all the world and 
preach the Gospel, has preached it with shot and shell 
and bayonet, and with every available weapon in air, 
on land and on sea. The law of Cain has usurped the 
law of Christ, and the Church has lost one of the 
greatest claims it had upon the hearts and consciences 
of men, by leading its followers into the acceptance 
of war as a glorified and sanctified thing, instead of 
being a sin against God and humanity. 

A selected article in April 
1916 Vindicator 
Selected by Daniel F. Wolf 



700 years before Jesus was born at Bethlehem Isaiah 
wrote these words: "Therefore thus saith the Lord God, 
Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation a stone , a tried 
stone, a precious corner stone, a sure foundation: he 
that believe th shall not make haste. 11 Stone is known 
for its durability, its unchangeableness through years 
and centuries. It is heavy and hard to move — steadfast 
and strong. When God said He would lay a sure founda- 
tion In Zion, He meant something eternal and durable. 

The Apostle Peter repeats this prophecy in I Peter 
2:6 and writes of the preciousness of this foundation 
stone to believers but of the opposite value to those 
who are disobedient. To them this is a stone of stumb- 
ling and a rock of offence. This stone Is the Lord 
Jesus Christ. Many have mistakenly identified Peter 
as the foundation stone. Peter was one of the building 
stones or "lively stones" in the spiritual house built 
upon the foundation of Jesus Christ. But neither Peter 
nor Paul nor any other mortal could qualify for the 
durable foundation upon which Jesus said He would build 
His church and against which the gates of hell should 
not prevail. 

Jesus identified the foundation of the church when 
He quizzed His disciples about who men were saying He 
was. They answered, "Some say that thou art John the 
Baptist: some, Eliasj and others, Jeremias, or one of 
the prophets. He saith unto them, But whom say ye that 
I am? And Simon Peter answered and said, Thou art the 
Christ, the Son of the living God, And Jesus answered 
and said unto him, Blessed art thou, Simon Barjona: 
for flesh and blood hath not revealed it unto thee,, 
but my Father which is in heaven. And I say also unto 
thee, That thou art Pater, and upon this rock I will 
build my church; and the gates of hell shall not pre- 
vail against it," 

Here it almost sounds like Jesus is calling Peter 
the "rock", but on careful examination we can get a 
true understanding of what is this great foundation. 
Without question, Jesus Himself is the foundation of 


His church. This is told in other scriptures. But 
Jesus is telling something here about the relationship 
of the foundation to the building (or church) and its 

A building is always attached firmly to its founda- 
tion. This is most important when storms come. In the 
tornado that tore through Indiana a few years ago, one 
building was apparently saved because its builder and 
owner had put in twice the required number of foundation 
bolts anchoring this building to its foundation. (This 
is not to say that it could not have been moved , but 
that if the attachment had been ordinary it likely would 
have been lost in that storm.) Jesus here describes the 
double attachment of the building to its foundation. 
Peter confessed, n Thou art the Christ, the Son of the 
living God. 11 And Jesus answered, "And I say unto thee, 
That thou art Peter. 11 Here is the man recognizing and 
confessing and believing in Christ (the Messiah) as Son 
of God, and the Son of God acknowledging him as an in- 
dividual with a name, a choice, and a position on the 
foundation* Here is a double bond. "Whosoever there- 
fore shall confess me before men, him will I confess 
also before my Father which is in heaven. 11 (Matthew 

A foundation without a building is an unfinished job, 
a discredit to the builder. But here we have the foun- 
dation stone laid firmly with the building attached and 
established in such a way that the gates of hell (a 
powerful destructive force opposing God and enticing 
men and women) shall not prevail against' it. 

We can trust in the durability of our foundation. 
Men are many times changeable and unfaithful,- but Jesus 
Christ is the same yesterday, and today, and forever. 
(Hebrews 13:8) Paul writes to Timothy (II Timothy 2: 
16-19) "But shun profane and vain babblings: for they 
will increase unto more ungodliness. And their word 
will eat as doth a canker: of. whom is Hymenaeus and 
Philetus; Who concerning the truth have erred, saying 
that the resurrection is past already; and overthrow 
the faith of some. Nevertheless the foundation of God 
standeth sure, having this seal, The Lord knoweth them 


that are his. And, Let every one that nameth the name 
of" Christ depart from iniquity." Here again is the 
twofold bond: " The Lord knoweth them that are his " and, 
" Let every one that nameth the name of Christ depart 
from iniquity ." It takes two to make a covenant. In 
the same chapter (verses 12 and 13) we read, "If we 
suffer, we shall also reign with him: if we deny him, 
he also will deny us: If we believe not, yet he abideth 
faithful: he cannot deny himself." 

We need not fear that our foundation will ever be 
moved. "He abideth faithful: he cannot deny himself." 
Since He is faithful, we need not fear that He will 
ever deny us if we do not deny Him. This is the assur- 
ance and trust that we can have if we are on the foun- 
dation. Nothing and no one can separate us from the 
love of God which Is in Christ Jesus. Read Romans 8: 
31-39* But over and over again we are exhorted to 
faithfulness — to continue in the faith grounded and 
settled, and be not moved away from the hope of the 
gospel. There is no assurance given to the unfaithful. 

Our God has established His church. It is on a sure 
foundation. He planned it before He made the world. 
Jesus suffered and died to redeem it. The gates of 
hell shall never prevail against it. We are the priv- 
ileged ones called to have a part and a position in 
this building of God # — L.C. 


This month's question is perhaps one for each of us 
to ponder more than to answer immediately as James and 
John did. Nevertheless we would like to have some 
comment on it, 

Matthew 20:22: "But Jesus answered and said, Ye know 
not what ye ask. Are ye able to drink of the cup that 
I shall drink of, and to be baptized with the baptism 
that I am baptized with?" Is this question for us? 
If so, what does it mean and are we able? 

Send your answers to this question or send a question 
of yourown to The Pilgrim . 



Just to be tender, just to be true, 
Just to be glad the whole day through 
Just to be merciful, just to be mild, 
Just to be trustful as a child, 
Just to be gentle and kind and sweet, 
Just to be helpful with willing feet, * 
Just to be cheery when things go wrong, 
Just to drive sadness away with a song, 
Whether the hour is dark or bright, 
Just to-be loyal to God and right, 
Just to believe that God knows best, 
Just in His promises ever to rest — 
That is God's will for you and me. 

Author unknown Selected by Leona Miller 


A little while, and then the morning breaking 
Will see us safe at Home in Jesus 1 arms. 

We* 11 shed our cares and wipe our tears of sorrow; 
A little while, then free from every harm. 

A little while and fragrant over God's meadows 
We'll smell the flowers of Heaven's gardens fair; 

The trees of life shade our weary beings; 
A little .while, no toil and labor there. 

A little while, and tears of sad confession 
Will all be done, for sin will' be no more. 

Our happy hearts rejoice to see the Savior; 
No more we'll grieve Him on the sinless shore. 

A little while to warn and win for Jesus, 

And then the night when man can work no morel 

Accounting then to Jesus Christ our Savior. 
A little while to . bring men to. the door.. 

A little while I Oh, may I live completely, 
A little while, sold out and not my own; 

A little while, oh, Jesus may I ever 
Be wholly Thine until I reach my Homel 

By John R. Rice Selected by Marilyn Killer 



Behold, a stranger 1 s at the door! 
He gently knocks, has knocked before; 
Has waited long, is waiting still; 
You treat no other friend so ill. 

But will He prove a friend Indeed? 
He will; the very friend you need; 
The Man of Nazareth, 'tis He, 
With garments dyed at Calvary. 

If thou art poor, and poor thou art, 
Lo, He has riches to impart; 
Not wealth in which mean avarice rolls; 
Oh, better far the wealth of soulsl 

Thou'rt blind, He'll take the scales away. 

And let in everlasting day: 

Naked thou art, but He shall dress 

Thy blushing soul in righteousness. 

Art thou a weeper? Grief shall fly, 
For who can weep with Jesus by? 
No terror shall thy hopes annoy, 
No tear, except the tear of joy. 

Admit Him, for the human breast 
Ne'er entertained so kind a guest: 
Admit Him, for you can't expel; 
Where'er He comes, He comes to dwell. 

Admit Him, ere His anger burn; 
His feet depart ne'er to return; 
Admit Him; or the hour's at hand, 
When, at His door, denied you'll stand. 

Author unknown 

Selected by Susie Wagner 



The histories of the Brethren settlements outside of 
Pennsylvania show that they migrated to the south be- 
cause of better opportunities for cheap land and less 
danger of attack from hostile Indian tribes than in the 

About 1765 Elder Jacob Miller moved from Franklin 
County Pennsylvania to Franklin County Virginia. This 
was in the "far southern part." He had a family of nine 
sons and three daughters, most of whom were interested 
in the progress of the church. It is said that two of 
his sons, David and Aaron, became noted ministers. A 
few years later a convert by the name of William Smith, 
who could speak only English, proved very helpful. 
Jacob Miller and William Smith preached together in 
German and English and made many converts. Jacob Miller 
is said to have taken several members of his family In 
1800 and pioneered for the Brethren in southern Ohio. 

John Garber from York County Pennsylvania is said to 
have moved into the northern part of the Shenandoah 
valley about 1775. Like Jacob Miller he also had a 
large family — seven sons and three daughters. Six of 
the sons became preachers, and the other one a deacon; 
and two of the daughters married preachers. Four of 
the sons remained in Virginia, one moved to Tennessee, 
and two went to Ohio. 

Mallot says that by 1778, thirty-seven families had 
moved from Maryland and Pennsylvania and settled in 
Rockingham and Shenandoah Counties. In 1780 there were 
some members in Botecourt Co. In 1788 a boundary line 
was decided on between the north and south parts of the 
Shenandoah valley, dividing it into two main districts. 
In the north were families by these names: Myers, 
Miller, Bowman, Neff, Glick and Wine. In the south were 
John Bowman, Abraham Neff , Daniel Barnhart, John Eller, 
Austin Hylton, Samuel Crumpacker, David Rife, Henry 
Snider and Christian Bowman. Two other churches are 
mentioned in Virginia before 1800: one on the south 


branch of the Potomac, where Valentine and Martin 
Powers were, and Beaver Run in Hampshire County, where 
the Arnolds lived. 

Elder John Kline was the first minister to carry on 
an aggressive effort to spread the gospel in this ter- 
ritory. He traveled hundreds of miles each year on 
horseback over mountains and through woods, with no 
trails, to isolated places to preach the gospel. From 
his diary we read, "I love to go among the mountains. 
The people there seem to pay better attention to what 
is said, and manifest better behavior than they do in 
the thickly settled and more fashionable sections of 
our state. . . And in the way of hospitality and gen- 
uine kindness. . . they are probably unsurpassed as a 
people, rich or poor alike." 

Elder D. P. Sayler writes in 1879, "When I think 
back fifty years, when the Virginia brethren, as they 
were called, were coming to preach in the brethren 1 s 
houses and barns, and the results that followed their 
what would be termed simple preaching. These old fa- 
thers would go through rain or shine, everywhere preach- 
ing the gospel, and now when I go into the country 
where these houses were, and where their ashes now re- 
pose, I am constrained to say: What hath the Lord 
wrought 1 In Rockingham County, the home of the fa- 
thers — Bowman, Floras, Wines, Klues, Sarbus, etc. — the 
membership is simply immense. I am doubtful whether 
there is another county in the United States with the 
same population that will marshall as many members. 
And I am doubtful whether there is another which has 
so faithfully preserved ancient simplicity. I attended 
some of their lovefeasts in October, and found the 
membership enormous. For instance, I was at the love- 
feast at Beaver Creek on the 12th; there were four love- 
feast meetings on the same evening, all within a half 
day's ride. At one I was at, 290 sisters, by actual 
count, communed, and about 200 brethren. And the one 
on the 16th, at the old Garber Meeting-house, (a large 
and commodious house) was filled with tables from wall 
to wall, so closely packed with communicants that I 
with difficulty passed through the service; yet over 


100 members had to leave for want of room. Considering 
such results to follow the labors of these 'old, plain, 
unlearned in the schools, farmer preachers, the convic- 
tion is forced upon us — surely they have been with 
Jesus. !T 

Howard Miller , in "Records of the Faithful," pub- 
lished in 1882, lists 32 churches and 5352 members in 

Virginia by 1881, ^ . _ _ ' n ^ 

& —Daniel F. Wolf 

Reprinted from the 

October, 1957 Pilgrim 


Keep me, Lord, from evil, 
Keep me from all sin; 

Keep me from the devil 
That he may not win. 

Keep me close beside Thee, 
Never from Thee stray; 

Nothing ill betide me, 
Walking in Thy way. 

Keep me upward going, 

On the narrow way; 
See life's fountain flowing 

In eternal day. 

Nearing snowcapped highlands, 

Water flowing rills, 
Those celestial bylands, 

All those cragborn hills. 

Nearer, coming nearer 
To the lightlong day, 

Seeing all the clearer 
Earth star pass away. 

Till my -soul transporting, 
Swallowed up in bliss. 

With the saints resorting, 
Dwell where Jesus is. 

— J. I. Cover 
Sonora, Calif, 



Soon after Jesus started teaching people, He preached 
a sermon now called The Sermon on the Mount, He start- 
ed this sermon by telling the people how they could be 
blessed by doing good things,' being kind, and serving 
God. Find Matthew, chapter 5, verses 3 to 12 and fill 
in the missing words in these verses, 

3. Blessed are the in spirit: for theirs is 

the kingdom of heaven, 

4, Blessed are they that mourn: for they shall be 

5. Blessed are the meek: for they shall inherit 
the • 

6w Blessed are they which do hunger and thirst after 
__; for they shall be filled. 

7. Blessed are the _ : for they shall 

obtain mercy. 

8* Blessed are the in heart: for they shall 

see God. 

9. Blessed are the peacemakers: for they shall be 
called the of God. 

10. Blessed are they which are for 

righteousness sake: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven, 

11. Blessed are ye, when men shall you, and 

persecute you, and shall say all manner of evil against 
you , for my sake. 

12. Rejoice, and be exceeding : for great is 

your reward in heaven: for so persecuted they the 
which were before you. 


1. In what ways can you be a peacemaker? 

2. What are we to get hungry and thirsty for? 

3. What must we be in order to see God? 

See how well you can memorize these ten verses 
spoken by Jesus in The Sermon on the Mount. — L.C. 


VOL. 21 NOVEMBER, 1974 NO, 11 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


To Thee, my heart, eternal King, 
Would now its thankful tribute bring; 
To Thee its humble homage raise 
In songs of ardent, grateful praise. 

All nature shows Thy boundless love, 
In worlds below and worlds above; 
But in Thy blessed word I trace 
The richer glories of Thy grace. 

Here what delightful truths are given, 
Here Jesus shows the way to heaven; 
His name salutes my listening ear, 
Revives my heart, and checks my fear. 

For love like this, may our song, 
Through endless years Thy praise prolong; 
And distant climes Thy name adore, 
Till time and nature are no more. 

Sacred Melodies 3 1815 

THE PILGRIM is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 


"And let the peace of God rule In your hearts, to 
the which also ye are called in one body; and be ye 
thankful." (Colossians 3:15) 

In the first part of II Timothy 3 Paul wrote an ac- 
curate description of our times. He called them "per- 
ilous times" that shall come "in the last days." Be- 
sides other evils describing these last, perilous days, 
one characteristic was unthankfulness. We have grown 
up in a country and an atmosphere of abundance. People 
in this situation often do not realize what it means to 
be in need. We tend to. think that we are entitled to 
the luxuries and blessings we have always known. When 
we think we are entitled to something, we do not always 
give thanks for it. 

It takes a glimpse into areas of need to wake us up 
to facts sometimes. Today we hear of thousands of peo- 
ple dying of starvation daily. How thankful they would 
be to have access to the food that goes to waste in our 
country of abundance. 

One writer has suggested thai perhaps some of the 
"things" we have are not really gifts of God T s love to 
us. Maybe He does not intend for us to have so many 
material things but gives us wages and means as a way 
of testing our stewardship. When we spend it all on 
ourselves it is an indication of poor stewardship. 
Then we can see that unnecessary luxuries, ten sets of 
clothes, more food than we can eat are not gifts from 
God but results of our own selfishness. 

It is /easy to see how that extreme cases of wealth 
can be a hindrance to a Godly life. But may we be 
willing to assess our own habits in comparison to the 
lives of the truly needy people. Maybe we could get by 
with less food or at least not waste it. Perhaps we 
could make our clothes serve longer and we could be 


more frugal in other ways to save and set apart more 
for the needy. Ephesians 4:28 says, "Let him that 
stole steal no more: but rather let him labour, working 
with his hands the thing which is good, that he may 
have to give to him that needeth. n I Timothy 6:17,18: 
"Charge them that are rich in this world . . . That 
they do good, that they be rich in good works, ready 
to distribute, willing to communicate." 

Another way in which we are richly blessed is having 
God's word and the plan of salvation through Jesus 
Christ* Having this makes us responsible and places 
restriction on our selfish desires. It is easy to be 
unthankful for this unless we keep in mind the eternal 
values we possess and realize there are those who don't 
have this privilege. Likely in some areas of spiritual 
poverty, they would be thankful for the opportunity to 
study the Bibles in America that lie dusty on the shelf. 

We are not just "lucky" or "fortunate" to have the 
abundance snd the opportunities we have. We are 
blessed of God. Because of this we should be thankful 
and not let our selfishness hinder our sharing. 

"For who maketh thee to differ from another? and 
what hast thou that thou didst not receive? ..." 
(I Corinthians 4:7) 

"Every good gift and every perfect gift is from 
above, and cometh down from the Father of lights, with 
whom is no variableness, neither shadow of turning." 
(James 1:17) 

"Efry'him therefore let us offer the sacrifice of 
praise to God continually, that is, the fruit of our 
lips giving thanks to his name." (Hebrews 13:15) 

"And whatsoever ye do in word or deed, do all in 
the name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God and 
the Father by him." (Colossians 3:17) 

"Giving thanks always for all things unto God and 
the Father in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ. 
(Ephesians 5:20) 

"Thanks be unto God for his unspeakable gift." 
(II Corinthians 9:15) — L.C. 

4 __ THE ..^PIIGRIM 


"And the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a 
flame of fire out of the midst of, a bush: and he 
looked, and, behold, the bush burned with fire, and the 
bush was not consumed. And Moses said, I will now turn 
aside, and see this great sight, why the bush is not 
burnt. And when the Lord saw that he turned aside to 
see, God called unto him out of the midst of the bush, 
and said, Moses, Moses, And he said, Here am I." 

So far as we know, this sight happened but once, a 
dramatic and wonderful sight to call Moses to the 
leadership of the children of Israel in sore bondage in 
Egypt for hundreds of years I 

How many men might have become exalted by this 
calling of God I But we read: "Now this man Moses was 
very meek, above all the men which were upon the face 
of the earth.' 1 . (Numbers 12:3) And we read that at the 
burning bush how much he protested of being chosen of 
God for this position, saying, "Who am I, that I should 
go unto Pharaoh, and that I should bring forth the 
children of Israel out of Egypt?" This was all talked 
of by the burning bush, and the angel of God was there 
at that holy place and Moses had to accept the charge 
given him* 

We believe the true Christians represent the burning 
bush of today* "Ye are the light of the world. A city 
that is set on an hill cannot be hid," says Jesus. "Ye 
are the salt of the earth: but if the salt has lost his 
savour, wherewith shall it be salted? it is thenceforth 
good for nothing, but to be cast out, and to be trodden 
under foot of men." (Matthew 5:13) "Let your light so 
shine before men, that they may see your good works, and 
glorify your Father which is in heaven." I believe 
truly that this is today the present burning bush! 

The Holy Spirit is operating in His children today 
as ever He has done back in the time of the Apostles to 
the present time, ready to meet any crisis or change in 
the kingdoms of this world. In the time Jesus was here 
and the apostles following, open persecution was there 


to oppose God ? s plan and way outlined in His living 
word that shall never pass away. ( n Heaven and earth 
shall pass away, but my words shall not pass away." 
Matthew 24:35) His apostles indeed showed they fol- 
lowed Jesus and were the true and shining light of the 
world, and those who heard the word of life by the 
apostles became true followers of Jesus, following in 
His steps. How powerful and attractive was the burning 
bush! How powerful and attractive the great force of 
the Holy Spirit working in the hearts of all true be- 

"I can do all things through Christ which strengthen- 
ed me." (Philippians 4:13) Such were the words and 
evidence of Paul's faith and fortitude to labor and 
witness for the Lord! May our faith and desire follow 
on to trust God, who can work in us "both to will and 
to do of his good pleasure. " (Philippians 2:13) 

Paul says, "But we have this treasure in earthen 
vessels, that the excellency of the power may be of 
God, and not of us." (II Corinthians 4:7) 

The burning bush was like any other bush until the 
fire showed that God was there, speaking out of the 
burning bush I Jesus said, "without me ye can do noth- 
ing," but Paul and we can say, "(We) can do all things 
through Christ which strengthened (us)." And God has 
so wonderfully designed that all His children filled 
with the Holy Spirit can travel on to accomplish as He 
wills it to be. Just plain simple children of the 
Heavenly King, humble, meek, willing to do as He directs 
and to fill our place with meekness, believing He will 
use us according to His good pleasure. 

The burning bush was just a common bush of the desert 
until infused with the special fire of God, and likewise 
we are just common mortals. But we read: "What? know 
ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost 
which is in you, which ye have of God, and ye are not 
your own?" (I Corinthians 6:19) 

The burning bush belonged to God, When the Holy 
Ghost dwells in us we are not our own. God owns the 
temple where the Holy Ghost dwells. Jesus has redeemed 


us with His precious blood; we belong to Him. (I Peter 


Then, dear children of the heavenly King, wherever 

and whoever you are: God knows us 5 whether we are true 
or just pretenders, for God will say to pretenders, "I 
know you not." 

It's a sobering thought to hear His word speak, 
11 Nevertheless the foundation of God standeth sure, hav- 
ing this seal, The Lord knoweth them that are his. And, 
Let everyone that nameth the name of Christ depart from 
iniquity. " (II Timothy 2:19) ,f Ye are our epistle writ- 
ten in our hearts, known and read of all men." (II 
Corinthians 3:2) Some like these could be living todayl 
God knows our hearts* May we belong to Him! And like 
the burning bush, give a light. 

The burning bush that Moses saw 

Shining, a beacon blazing; 
Close by the mountain of the law 

Where mountain sheep be grazing. 

The Lord told Moses that He knew 

The tribes in bondage slaving; 
Come j Moses; Pharaoh you may view, 

And see him mad and raving. 

From Egypt ! s slavery they go; 
. I lead them through the waters, 
That all their enemies shall know 
They are My sons and daughters. 

Pharaoh, in hardness of his heart, 

Will try to stop their going, 
But he from earth may soon depart 

At sea's reunions flowing. 

I promised Abraham, My friend, 
His seed that they may flourish: 

So to their promised land I send 
And there I will them nourish, 


For Moses knew God's mighty power 

Would be His word fulfilling: 
And at the well-appointed hour 

His tribes be ready , willing. 

God led them out of Egypt land. 

He fed them bread from heaven; 
And quails abundantly at hand 

For meat to them was given. 

He led them to the mount of law, 
He called them as they shivered; 

And Moses trembled as he saw 

Their souls could be delivered. 

They made a golden calf of sin, 

And Moses saw them sinning; 
And he their judgment did begin, 

The living ranks were thinning. 

Because they sinned , for forty years 
They wandered, God still leading; 

In sorrow and in desert fear, 
With manna them still feeding. 

At last to Jordan's river came 

And Moses Pisgah going; 
Saw Canaan land of promised fame 

And Jordan's water flowing. 

He went unto the land of rest, 

He died in healthful living; 
He now is numbered with the blest, 

God life to him is giving. 

The people entered Canaan land 

And Jericho soon falling: 
They reached the earthly promised land 

While blessings on them falling. 

— J. I* Cover 

Sonora, California 



Some time ago, one of our dear brethren chose 
"Watchman 11 as his text. This left a deep impression 
upon my heart and I would like to share an experience 
with all you dear readers. 

In the area in which we live, we enjoy and appreciate 
tall , towering pine and cedar trees that appear to be 
reaching upward to the sky. (Many of the trees around 
our home range from 60 to 100 feet in height,) To view 
the sky, we MUST look upi 

I am reminded each day, from a small plaque which 
hangs on a wall in our home. It reads as follows: 

Keep looking up 
Jesus Christ the same yesterday, 
And today, and forever 

This is so true I Christ remains the same and we all 
know God is love, but we mortals do change in so many 
ways from day to day. But let us become more Christ- 
like and we can improve, if we will only try. 

One recent sunny and lovely, but somewhat windy day 
as I hung the laundry on the line outside, I noticed a 
very small white, fluffy cloud floating lazily past, 
and since I searched the sky for more clouds, but could 
see none because of the tall trees, I concentrated upon 
this small, lone cloud, as though my eyes and mind were 
fastened onto it. But very soon, with constant search- 
ing and watchfulness, I noticed a group of clouds had 
commenced to move in and the small cloud seemed to wait 
and then it joined the group of clouds. 

A sudden thought raced into mind: Will we be like 
that lone cloud, living a life for Christ? Or will we 
choose to join a group and drift along with the crowd? 
The decision is for us to make, but remember, dear 
reader: b§ cautious and on guard at all times, as Satan 
surely is seeking all whom he may devour — he knows his 
time is not long. 

I sat dpwn to watch, forgetting the duties I had been 
working with and I wondered ... Is this the day our 
Lord is coming again? I waited and watched, until the 


wind carried the group of clouds from my sight and I 
must admit I felt a wave of disappointment overcome me, 
as I looked forward to His return. I longed to go Home 
and be with Him. 

Eventually, I completed my duties with the laundry 
but kept my eyes focused upward and then, as a flash/ 
I paused to think of our dear young people, relatives, 
friends and neighbors who have not yet accepted Christ 
and been baptized. I ' felt a weakness and concern for 
them as we read St. John 3:5, "Jesus -answered, Verily, 
verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water 
and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of 

So many continue to wait until some more convenient 
day, but surely it cannot be too long anymore until 
Christ will return. And, dear reader, let us pause to 
ask ourselves t "Are we ready for the Lord to come? 
Will we be found watching on that great day?" 

We have so many warnings and the Bible is the best 
and most precious book we have to read because it is 
God ! s Word. 

St. Matthew 24:42: "Watch therefore: for ye know 
not what hour your Lord doth come." 

St. Matthew 24:44: "Therefore be ye also ready: 
for in such an hour as ye thinli not the Son of man 

James 4:14: "Whereas ye know not what shall be on 
the morrow. For what is your life? It is even a va- 
pour, that appeareth for a little time, and then van- 
isheth away." 

St. Mark 13:33-37: "Take ye heed, watch and pray; 
for ye know not when the time is. 

"For the Son of man is as a man taking a far journey, 
who left his house, and gave authority to his servants, 
and to every man his work, and commanded the porter to 
watch. Watch ye therefore: for ye know not when the 
master of the house cometh, at even, or at midnight, 
or at the cocke rowing,, or in the morning: Lest coming 
suddenly he find you sleeping. And what I say unto 
you I say unto all, Watch.- _ Leona Miller 

MiWuk, California 



To understand the meanings of the prayer veiling we 
need to understand first of all a principle which is 
given in both the Old and New Testaments. This is the 
principle of headship and authority. 

In the beginning God created man first and in His 
own image and for His glory. " . . . he is the image 
and glory of God. . . For the man is not of the woman 
. . . Neither was the man created for the woman." (I 
Corinthians 11:7-9) He gave man the place of authority 
above all the rest of the creation. Man had the re- 
sponsibility of subduing the earth. (Genesis 1:28) He 
was also given headship over the animals and he even 
chose their names. (Genesis 2:19) 

Then because it was not good for man to be alone, 
God made woman for him. "The woman is the glory of the 
man . . . the woman of the man . . . the woman for the 
man." (I Corinthians 11:7-9) She was not given the 
place of headship over man or even headship with man. 
Her place is in subjection to man. 

This does not mean that woman is in any way inferior 
to man — not physically, intellectually, or spiritually. 
But man still is the head. To help us understand this 
Paul says, "The head of every man is Christ; and the 
head of the woman Is the man; and the head of Christ is 
God." In mathematics we sometimes express relationships 
as ratios. When two ratios are equal they may be writ- 
ten as a proportion. Here we have two such equal re- 
lationships — as God is Christ's head so man is woman's 
head — God/Christ - man/woman or God is to Christ as man 
is to woman. We would not say that Christ is in any 
way inferior to God. We know He worked with God in the 
creation of the world and in the acts pertaining to it 
ever since. Yet we do know that God is Christ's head* 
In the same way man is woman T s head. Just as we would 
not expect God in any way to impose anything unjust on 
Christ from His vantage point of authority, we would 
not expect man to take advantage of woman. Just as we 
always know Jesus to be completely submitted to the will 


of God j we would expect woman to be submitted to man. 
As God is to Christ so man is to woman. 

This is a God-ordained principle* But the world 
does not accept it. Women want to be equal with men. 
They wear their hair like men, they dress like men, and 
they take men's jobs. And men seem willing to concede 
their position to women. They have some hair styles 
similar to women 1 s 3 they wear effeminate colored cloth- 
ing, and they accept women 1 s jobs. 

One of the meanings of the prayer veiling on the 
head of a Christian woman is to show that she under- 
stands and accepts this principle and her place in it* 
The unveiled head of a man shows that he also under- 
stands and accepts it. 

The veiling is not only an outward sign of woman 1 s 
acceptance of the headship of man but also of her sub- 
mission to Christ. It shows that she is obedient to 
His will and yielded to His sovereign power in her 
life. In this position she shares the plan of salva- 
tion on equality with man. n There is neither male nor 
female: for ye are all one in Christ." (Galatians $; 
28) It is only in this sense that a veiling signifies 
that a woman is a Christian. She thus has access to 
God through prayer and fellowship with Him. The Holy 
Spirit lives within her and directs her life. He 
speaks through her yielded will and body to others and 
uses that testimony to work in the hearts of non- 

The prayer veiling also seems to carry some symbol- 
ism of purity. I Corinthians 11 teaches that as it is 
a shame for a woman to be shorn, so it is a shame for 
her to be unveiled. To avoid this shame then, a Chris- 
tian woman wears a covering. 

As the Christian woman wears her covering she is 
testifying of all these things to Gpd^ Christ, the an- 
gels, Christian men, and the world. To be fully ef- 
fective this symbol testimony must be backed by a con- 
sistent life. 

Selected by D. F. Wolf 
from 1956 Sword and Trumpet 
Extra copies available 



The sands have been washed in the footprints 

Of the Stranger on Galilee ! s shore , 

And the voice that subdued the rough billows, 

Will be heard in Judea no more* 

But the path of that lone Galilean 

With joy I will follow today. 

And the toils of the road will seem nothing , 

When I get to the end of the way. 

There are so many hills to climb upward, 

I often am longing for rest, 

But He who appoints me my pathway, 

Knows just what is needful and best. 

I know in His word He hath promised 

That my strength, "It shall be as my day." 

And the toils of the road will seem nothing, 

When I get to the end of the way, 

He loves me too well to forsake me 

Or give me one trial too much, 

All His people have been dearly purchased, 

And Satan can never claim such. 

By and by I shall see Him and praise Him, 

In the city of unending day. 

And the toils of the road will seem nothing, 

When I get to the end of the way. 

When the last feeble step has been taken 

And the gates of that city appear 

And the beautiful songs of the angels 

Float out on my listening ear. 

When all that now seems so mysterious 

Will be bright and as clear as the day. 

Then the toils of the road will seem nothing, 

When I get to the end of the way. 

Selected by Elsie Wolf 




TENNESSEE: Floyd E. Mallot, in Studies in Brethren 
History , says a few members were in Tennessee before 
1800, Also that Elder Samuel Garber of Rockingham, Va. 
preached in Tennessee in 1811 and organized the Knob 
Creek Church, which was considered the "mother" church 
in Tennessee, Two others are mentioned: Cedar Grove, 
Hawkins Co. organized in 1824 and Limestone congrega- 
tion, 1847. 

NORTH CAROLINA: The Brethren Church is said to have 
spread slowly in North Carolina, Jacob Faw is mentioned 
as the first minister. Chronicles of the Brethren , page 
24, says, "There must have been a body of members living 
in North Carolina before the year 1790; for there is a 
record that about that time Brethren from the Carolinas 
and from Virginia crossed the mountains and formed set- 
tlements in East Tennessee and in Muhlenberg Co. Ken- 
tucky. " Elder John Hendricks, who was considered an 
able minister, came from North Carolina and pioneered 
in 'Missouri and Illinois. 

WEST VIRGINIA was part of Virginia until after the 
Civil War. The oldest church there, with the exception 
of Beaver Run, which was a colonial church, was Sandy 
Creek, Preston Co*, organized 1825. Jacob Thomas was 
elected minister there and served for 45 years. Another 
congregation called German Settlement was organized in 
Preston Co, in 1855. John Kline, Jacob Wine, and Jacob 
Miller, called the "horseback preachers," from the • 
Shenandoah Valley, Virginia, extended their care into 
this area. 

KENTUCKY: The number of churches in Kentucky seems 
to be uncertain, Joseph Rodgers was said to be the 
first man to preach the Gospel in this State. In 1760 
Elder Daniel Letterman and Casper Rowland emigrated 
from Germantown to the Carolinas where they "met with 
some members" among whom were John Hendricks, David ' 
Martin, Joseph Rodgers end others. These moved 


northward into Kentucky, In the year 1800 Elder George 
Wolfe and family moved from Fayette Co, Pa, and located 
with the Brethren in Muhlenberg Co. Kentucky, Five 
churches seem to be known for certain, and possibly two 
others, in Kentucky before 1830. Although the Brethren 
appear to have made a good beginning, their efforts 
were considered unsuccessful in Kentucky because of 
other influences gaining a foothold among them, and 
many of the members who remained loyal to the Church 
moved westward into Illinois and Missouri. 

OHIOr The Brethren are said to have entered Ohio by 
two separate routes ; viz; by way of the Ohio River in 
flatboats, and by overland wagons via Pittsburg, Pa, 
which in 1800 was considered the "gateway" to the West, 

The first churches in Ohio were near the Ohio River, 
in the counties east of Cincinnati, where at one time 
were ten churches* John Countryman, the first minister 
in Ohio, moved to Adams Co, in 1793 > and the first 
church, Stone Lick, in Clermont Co, was organized by 
David Stouder in 1795* 

In 1800 Elder Jacob Miller moved from Virginia into 
the Miami Valley, Ohio, and located on a farm not far 
from Dayton. Elders David Bowman and John Garber 5r. 
also moved into this area only a year or two later. 
The Miami Church was organized in 1805, and in 1812 it 
was divided into four congregations: Lower Miami, Bear 
Creek, Wolf Creek, and Stillwater. From this beginning 
fifteen churches were established by 1850. Peter Nead, 
Jacob Garber, Henry Davy and other wellknown Brother- 
hood leaders resided in these Southern Ohio churches. 

At the same time the Brethren were moving into 
Southern Ohio via the Ohio River route, others were 
coming by overland, via Pittsburg Pa. and settling in 
Stark Co. in the north. Elder John Gantz came to Stark 
Co. in 1804, and soon afterward the Nimishillen congre- 
gation was organized. Mill Creek, later known as 
Mahoning, was organized in 1815. George Hoke was soon 
elected to the ministry and became a recognized leader 
in the Brotherhood. Henry Kurtz, who published the 
first paper in the Brotherhood (The Gospel Visitor), 
lived at Mahoning and was Elder there for many years. 


Two other churches in Northwestern - Ohio, known as 
the Black Swamp country, were: Logan, organised 1827 
and Sugar Creek, 1833. These were organized by Elder 
Abraham Miller from Virginia. Elder John Kline also 
visited and preached to these churches. 

— Daniel F, Wolf 
Reprinted from the November, 1957 Pilgrim 


If I ajn tempted to reveal 

A tale someone to me has told 
About another, let it pass, 

Before I speak, three gates of gold. 

Three narrow gates: First, is it true? 

Then, is it needful? In my mind 
Give truthful answer , and the next 

Is last and narrowest, Is it kind? 

And if, to reach my lips at last, 

It passes through these gateways, three, 

Then I may tell the tale, nor fear • 
What the result of speech may be. 

Author unknown 
Selecte d by Marilyn Miller 


This question from last month is perhaps one for 
each of us to ponder more than to answer iinmediately 
as James and John did. Nevertheless we would like 
to have some comment on it. 

Matthew 20:22: "But Jesus answered and said, Ye 
know not what ye ask. Are ye able to drink of the cup 
that I shall drink of, and to be baptized with the bap- 
tism that I am baptized with?" . Is this question for 
us? If so, what does it mean, and are we able? 

Send your answers to this question or send a ques- 
tion of your own to The Pilgrim . 


Find Psalm 107:1-9 and fill in the missing words: 

Psalm 107 

1. give thanks unto the Lord, for he is good: 
for his mercy endureth for ever. 

2. Let the redeemed of the Lord y 

whom he hath redeemed from the hand of the enemy; 

3- And them out of the lands, from 

the east, and from the west, from the north, and 
from "the south. 

4. They wandered in the in a 

solitary way; they found no city to dwell in. 

5. Hungry and thirsty, their soul 

in them. 

6. Then they cried unto the Lord in their 

trouble, and he them out of their 


7» And he led them forth by the way, 

that they might go to a city of habitation: 

8. Oh that men would the Lord 

for his and for his wonderful works 

to the children of menl 

9. For he the longing soul, 

and filleth the hungry soul with goodness. 


1. What did the Lord do for those who cried to Him 
when they were in trouble? (verse 6) 

2. Does God ever help you when you are in trouble? 

3. How many things can you count to be thankful to 
God for? 

4. See if you can say verse 1 without reading it. 

— L.C. 


VOL. 21 DECEMBER, 1974 NO. 12 

"Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain 
from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul." 1 Peter 2: 1 1 


There is no name so sweet on earth , 

No name so dear in Heaven, 
As that before His wondrous birth 

To Christ the Saviour given. 

*Twas Gabriel first that did proclaim. 
To His most blessed mother, 

That name which now and ever more 
We praise above all other. 

And when He hung upon the tree, 
They wrote His name above Him, 

That all might see the reason we 
Forevermore must love Him. 

So now upon His Father's throne, 

Almighty to relieve us 
From sin and pain, He ever reigns 

The Prince and Saviour Jesus. 

We love to sing around our King, 
And hail Him blessed Jesus; 

Fer there's no word ear ever heard 
So dear, so sweet as Jesus. 

By George W. Bethune 

THE FML-GRIM is a religious magazine published in the interests of the 
members of the Old Brethren Church. Subscription rate: $2.00 per year. Sample copies sent free 
on request. Publishing Editor: Leslie Cover; Consulting Editor: Daniel F. Wolf. 


"Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and be^r a son, 
and shall call his name Immanuel," (Isaiah 7 "14) 

This was the sign the Lord gave to King Ahaz by- 
Isaiah the prophet. King Ahaz was in trouble. Not on*- 
ly was he a wicked king but his enemies were approach- 
ing Jerusalem. Rezin, king of Syria and Pekah the son 
of Remaliah, king of Israel, were confederate against 
Judah. The Lord told Ahaz not to worry about them — 
that they would not succeed and that the king of 
Assyria would overcome them both. 

Ahaz was not in harmony with God but God gave him 
opportunity to do right and seemingly honored him with 
this important sign simply because he was of the house 
of David. 

This sign has such significance because of the name 
"Emmanuel" which in Matthew 1:23 is interpreted "God 
with us. 1 ' As we look back on prophecies such as this 
we see how accurate they were because we have knowledge 
of the event fulfilled. But in, the time of the proph- 
ecy, it no doubt was a mystery and the significance not 
fully understood. Perhaps King Ahaz did not understand 
it at all. Even at the fulfillment, the event was rec- 
ognized only by revelation of the Holy Spirit. God re- 
vealed His special events to those who were searching 
for them and hid them from the hard-hearted and ungodly. 

In the birth of the Saviour, we see evidence of the 
protecting hand of God and how He put His plans into 
effect. No doubt if Satan had understood what was hap- 
pening, he would have done his utmost to prevent it. 
He had an effective tool to use in the person of Herod. 
Jealous Herod, insecure in the presence of even a baby 
that might be called a rival to the throne, would glad- 
ly have slain the right one as he did the other chil- 
dren of Bethlehem. But he could not understand the 
signs. Without the revelation of the Spirit of God he 


could not know beyond what the wise men from the east 
and the scribes and chief priests of Jerusalem told 
him. It was not revealed to him that Jesus would be 
whisked away to Egypt to fulfill another sign: "Out 
of Egypt have I called my son." (Matthew 2:15) 

There were two dedicated servants of God to whom God 
revealed the importance of the event of Jesus* birth* 
When Jesus was just 8 days old — the age for circumci- 
sion, Joseph and Mary brought Him to the temple for 
this ceremony. Simeon was brought there also by the 
Spirit of God and he took Jesus in his arms and uttered 
his great prophecy about the salvation of God, the 
light to the Gentiles , and the "fall and rising again 
of many in Israel." About Simeon Luke reports: ". • , 
the same man was just and devout , waiting for the con- 
solation of Israel: and the Holy Ghost was upon him." 
Anna, too, a prophetess who stayed in the temple, "gave 
thanks likewise unto the Lord" at that time "and spake 
of him to all them that looked for redemption in 

These events were not by accident but by careful and 
deliberate planning. It reminds me of the preparation 
and planning Jesus made to hold His last supper with 
His disciples. He first sent two disciples to prepare 
the place. But instead of simply telling them where 
to prepare, He sent them into Jerusalem where they were 
to follow a man bearing a pitcher of water. Judas 
could not have known where this was to be. It would 
have been an ideal place for a quiet arrest of this one 
the Jews were after and whom Judas was seeking to be- 
tray. But Judas did not know in advance and the supper 
was undisturbed. Jesus remained in control and carried 
out His divine mission. 

We can take lessons from these scriptures. We will 
have God's guidance and revelation only if we are will- 
ing to submit and be guided. He will reveal to us by 
His Spirit all we need to know to take each step. 
Psalm 1 speaks of this: "The ungodly are not so: but 
are like the chaff which the wind driveth away*" They 
have not the guidance. 


Today people can hear the Gospel over and over. 
They can participate in a nationwide observance that 
is supposed to celebrate the birth of Jesus. They can 
see the signs again and again — the same signs that 
Christians see. But without a revelation of the Spirit , 
they stumble on in blindness. How thankful and how 
submissive we should bel How joyful to know that we 
can be like babes and have God's will revealed. Jesus 
said in Matthew 11*25*26 j "I thank thee, Father, Lord 
of heaven and earth, because thou hast hid these things 
from the wise and prudent, and hast revealed them unto 
babes. Even so, Father: for so it seemed good in thy 

"For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: 
and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his 
name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty 
God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace, Of 
the increase of his government and peace there shall be 
no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, 
to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with 
justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of 
the Lord of hosts will perform this. 11 (Isaiah 9:6,7) 



Love does not seek reward 

For anything she does, 

For she is motivated by love. 

If what she does 

Is not appreciated 

She may be disappointed 

But not angry or discouraged. 

She does not quit. 

For whatever she does 
Is done as to Christ. 

— Guy Hootman 



Obadiah v. 17 reads, "... and the house of Jacob 
shall possess their possessions ." Of course, the 
prophet here was speaking in a prophetic way of a fu- 
ture time. I am thinking now with Paul and the other 
writers of the New Testament of their spiritual herit- 
age in Christ and their boundless possessions now and 
in eternity. The Christian needs to be ". . . through- 
ly furnished unto all good works. " (II Timothy 3:17) 

In Acts 21:8 we read of Philip the evangelist, and 
in Ephesians 4:11 the evangelist T s vocation and minis- 
try are closely linked to that of apostles, prophets, 
pastors and teachers. All the servants of Christ are 
His gift to the church. And now v. 12: "For the per- 
fecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, 
for the edifying of the body of Christ. 11 The body of 
Christ, the church, is most surely edified, built up, 
by the preaching of the Word, by the Lord adding new 
converts, (Acts 2:47) new stones to the spiritual edi- 
fice. For this task men need to be specially called 
and Qualified. 

So Paul writes to Timothy In charge of a large field 
for evangelism, the great city of Ephesus: "Preach the 
word; be instant in season, out of season; reprove, re- 
buke, exhort with all long suffering and doctrine, For 
the time will come when they will not endure sovnd doc- 
trine. . . But watch thou in all things, endure afflic- 
tions, do the work of an evangelist, make full proof 
of thy ministry." (II Timothy 4:2-5) 

Here is a negative example from the Old Testament: 
II Chronicles 12:1: "And it came to pass, when Rehoboam 
had established the kingdom, and had strengthened him- 
self, he forsook the law of the Lord, and all Israel 
with him." V.14 says, "and he did evil, because he 
prepared not his heart to seek the Lord." This is the 
summing up of Rehoboam ! s life; he was not as bad as 
some, but he did evil in various ways, not so much from 
design as from neglect. And we are told why he did 


evil, because he prepared not his heart to seek the 

Rehoboam T s loyalty to his God lasted only a short 
time, II Chronicles 10:1 tells us that all Israel went 
to Shechem to make him king. Rehoboam chose to be made 
king without preparing his hearty perhaps not realising 
that which commences without God will end in failure, 
and that those who reject divine wisdom generally re- 
fuse all other wisdom. No man is inclined to good by 
accident; one does not go right who has not intended 
to do so. 

If our heart is right it will make us feel and con- 
fess our need of God in the whole of our life, to cry 
to Him for help and wisdom and to yield to His guidance 
and not follow the council of vain persons. It will 
make us anxious to be right with Him and to do His will. 
Searching the scriptures and praying in the Spirit, we 
can have vital union with the Lord Jesus 1 Oh for the 
confirming power of the holy Ghost I 

Now let us consider one phase of the beginning of 
the Christian life, Luke 11:24,26: "When the unclean 
spirit is gone out of a man, he walketh through dry 
places, seeking rest; and finding none, he saith, I 
will return unto my house whence I came out. And when 
he cometh, he findeth it swept and garnished. Then 
goeth he, and taketh to him seven other spirits more 
wicked than himself ; and they enter in, and dwell there: 
and the last state of that man is worse than the first." 
That can happen if one allows it, but the Bible shows 
us a better way: the right way. 

When one comes to God through faith and has accepted 
the Lord Jesus Christ in his heart and life — -then is 
when our work begins. Colossians 1:29: "Wh'ereunto I 
also labour, striving according to his working, which 
worketh in me mightily." Hebrews 9:14: ,r How much more 
shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal 
Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your 
conscience from dead works to serve the living God?" 
First, "As new born babes, desire the sincere milk of 
the word, that ye may grow thereby." (I Peter 2:2) The 


Lord promised believers the infilling of the Holy Ghost. 
See Acts 2:4, 38, 39 and 9:17. 

The Lord has so wonderfully provided that we can go 
on to perfection and purification. I Peter 1:22: "See- 
ing ye have purified your souls in obeying the truth 
through the Spirit unto unfeigned love of the brethren, 
see that ye love one another with a pure heart fervent- 
ly/ 1 Ephesians 4:24: "And that ye put on the new man, 
which after God is created in righteousness and true 
holiness »" I Corinthians 6:19,20: "What? know ye not 
that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost which is 
in you, which ye have of God, and ye are not your own? 
For ye are bought with a price: therefore glorify God 
in your body, and in your spirit, which are God's." 

(To be continued) 

—Raymond Wright sman 
Ligonier , Indiana 



Matthew 20:22: "But Jesus answered and said, Ye 
know not what ye ask. Are ye able to drink of the cup 
that I shall drink of, and to be baptized with the bap- 
tism that I am baptized with?" Is this question for 
us? If so, what does it mean, and are we able? 


The words of Jesus in Matthew 20:22 were directed to 
James and John personally, who were seeking what they 
thought were the highest positions of honor next to 
Jesus in His coming kingdom* Jesus rebuked them gently 
when he said, "Ye know not what ye ask." They no doubt- 
were sincere in saying, "We are able," But they did 
not know then its deepest implications which they still 
had to learn, for the "kingdom" was not at all what 
they thought at that time. 

They were dear to the heart of Jesus, and He answered 
them truly, and compassionately, and informatively. 
They would indeed drink of the "cup" that Jesus was yet 


to "drink" of, and be baptised with the "baptism" He 
would be baptized with, ^but it appears that the high 
honor of sitting on His right hand and on His left in 
His kingdom was already, at that time, determined whose 
it should be. We read in the twelfth chapter of the 
Acts, how Herod killed the apostle James, and we know 
that his brother John was banished to the lonely isle 
of Patmos (probably to die there) "for the Word of God, 
and for the testimony of Jesus Christ," It is not 
known for certain how or when he died. 

"Is it for us?" and "Are we able?" 

Perhaps we may be like James and John: we probably 
do not know all of its implications If applied to us. 
It is evident that the "drinking of the cup" and the 
"baptism" which Jesus spoke of was symbolic of His 
suffering and death. Very soon after that memorable 
last supper with His disciples, we follow Jesus to 
Gethsemane and see Him in bitter agony praying to the 
P'ather, "If thou be willing, remove this cup from me; 
nevertheless not my will, but thine be done." And 
again, He told Peter to put up his sword: "The cup 
which my Father hath given me, shall I not drink it?" 

No doubt, though the words of our text were spoken 
to James and John personally upon a very special occa- 
sion, yet it can be applicable to us, in that we must 
some place in our life, if we would follow Jesus, come 
to Gethsemane where we must be willing to say^ "Not my 
will, but thine be done." And then go with Him to the 
cross where we share in His death, "that our old man 
might be crucified with hijii, that the body of sin might 
be destroyed, that we should not serve sin." 

— D. F. Wolf 

Modesto, California 


In Hebrews 13, three times (verses 7> l?j and 24) 
the writer mentions "them that have the rule over you." 
Are there, any such rulers today? How do we apply 
verse 17: "Obey them that have the rule over you, and 
submit yourselve s . . . " ? 

What do our readers say? 



During this time of the year, the air is filled 
with the spirit of love. Giving is a word synonymous 
with Christmas as friends ond loved ones show their 
appreciation for one another, Christmas is a time 
for laying aside animosities and the troubled and de- 
pressed spirits of people worried over the many prob- 
lems that often beset us. For a time, at least 3 there 
seems to be a momentary Utopia for much of the world. 

The unfortunate aspect of Christmastime and its 
hereditary celebrations lies in the fact that the cen- 
tral figure of Christmas, Jesus Christ, often tak^s a 
back seat in the hearts of men. Many of us seem t& 
forget that God gave man His very best. 0h 5 that %& 
could say that we Have given God our very best. For a 
at Bethlehem, some two thousand years ago, the entirety 
of mankind was blessed as the birth of Christ echoed 
a new hope for the lost. Our Saviour 1 s consequential 
death, burial and resurrection meant freedom from sin 
and its awful penalty. 

As the King of kings and Lord of lords started His 
great calling in a humble manner among the lowliest 
environment, ought we not humble ourselves likewise, 
during this time and give God our very best, not only 
this season but every day of our lives. 

In view of the lateness of the hour, we wonder - 
whether or not we will even see the next Christmas 
season. Certainly Christ 's Soon Return becomes mo£s 
emminent and probable as the days progress. Our 
prayer is that we as children of God would not be 
ashamed at His coming and that we might be found lin- 
ing for Him in a life of total surrender, dedication 
and service. \ 

Selected by Susan R, Coning 

A Christian is like a good watch* It has an opsin 

face, busy hands, is well regulated and full of good 

works . 

Selected by Elsie Wolf 


Lord, we wait before Thy face 

In this most solemn hour, 
And earnestly we seek Thy grace y 

And Holy Spirit's power. 

The future is as plain to Thee 

As present time to us. 
The best that we as servants see 

Is darkly through the dusk. 

But Thou hast said that we should plea 

For wisdom which we need, 
And Thou wilt give abundantly 

The grace for which we plead. 

So give us faith to see and know 

Thy way is always best, 
And may we by Thy grace accept 

Thy choice, and rest. 

By John H. Myers 

in The Christian Contender 


We were made to rejoice, and believe Heaven does 

too, when Wade Flora requested Christian baptism 

Saturday, November 16, 1974 • Baptism was administered 

that afternoon. 

— Elmer Brovont 


OQVER-HATLER Joseph William Cover and Sherry Hatler 
were united in marriage on Saturday, December 14, 1974 
at Mi Wuk, California. 


CONING - A daughter, Rhoda Arlene, born on December 14 
1974 to Melvin and Marilyn Coning of Goshen, Indiana. 



Listen ye people; hearken to 

The message God has sent to you; 

At many times, in many ways, 

Be true to God in all your days. 

Prophets of old the message sent, 
To live for God and be content, 

In humble lives, in lowly ways, 
Be glad to offer God the praise. 

And in these latter days, no fear 
When we are sure that God is near; 

Blessings still flow from day to day, 
To all who follow in His way. 

And though we still are far from home, 
Still on the earth to work and roam, 

God still upholds all by His power, 
In every day, in every hour. 

The sun still shining by His Grace 

To everyone of every race; 
We born to time T s rythmatic beat, 

Not far from His own Mercy Seat. 

We cannot wander from His sight; 

He sees us all by day and night; 
We live by His almighty power } 

In every day and every hour. 

Then let us give to Him His due; 

He helps us all our journey through; 
We live for Him until we die, 

He takes us far beyond the sky, 

— J. I. Cover 





Chronicles of the Brethren , page 67 , gives the fol- 
lowing brief history of the first Brethren church in 

"In 1804-5 & colony from Pennsylvania and Virginia 
settled on Four Mile Creek, in what was then known 
as the Four Mile Indian Purchase, now Union County, 
Indiana. In this colony were fourteen members of 
the Brethren fraternity who were visited and min- 
istered unto occasionally by Elder Jacob Miller and 
others from Ohio, until 1809 when they were organ- 
ized into a working body called the Four Mile Church 
which was .so far as known the first Brethren church 
in Indiana." 

NETTLE CREEK in Wayne and Henry Counties was the 
second Brethren church in Indiana. It was organized 
in 1820 by Elders David and Aaron Miller, sons of the 
above mentioned Elder Jacob Miller of the Miami Valley, 

These two churches are called the "mother" churches 
of Indiana. In 1830 the Miller Brothers moved from 
Nettle Creek to South Bend, "and began the work there." 

Elder David Gripe, Elder of the Wolf Creek Church in 
Ohio, emigrated to Elkhart County and with others organ- 
ized the first Brethren church in Northern Indiana in 
1830, known as the Elkhart Church. It originally in- 
cluded all of Elkhart County and the Northern part of 
Kosciusko County. From it were organized a number of 
other Northern Indiana churches. 

PORTAGE, the second congregation in Northern Indiana, 
was organized in 1831. Elder David Miller of the Nettle 
Creek Church, Wayne Co. was the first preacher. A 
meeting house was built in 1851 eight miles Northwest 
of South Bend. 

TURKEY CREEK, the third oldest congregation of the 
Brethren in Northern Indiana, was organized in 1838, 


It comprised the southern part of Elkhart County and 
the Northern part of Kosciusko County, and was original- 
ly a part of the Elkhart Church. It resulted from the 
labors of Elders John Leatherman and Henry Neff. Elder 
Leatherman was in charge until his death in 186?. The 
original Turkey Creek church house was built in 1851 
five miles south of Goshen. 

UNION CENTER was formerly the Northern part of 
Turkey Creek, and was organized into a separate congre- 
gation in 1859 with Elder Henry Neff Sr. in charge. 
The Union Center church house, 3 miles east, and two 
miles north of Nappanee, was built in 1867. 

YELLOW CREEK, organized 1856, was formerly the West- 
ern part of the Elkhart Church, John Miller, one of 
the first ministers in Elkhart County, was its first 

SOUTH BEND, organized in the 1840' s, originally in- 
cluded all of the Southern and Eastern portion of St. 
Joseph County. Elders Abraham Whitmer, Jacob Bowman 
and George Shively were same of the early resident 
preachers. The district was later divided: the South 
and West portion retained the name South Bend; and the 
Southeast and Northeast portion took the name St. Joseph. 

Other congregations organized by the middle of the 
Nineteenth Century, and for the most part subdivisions 
of the original districts already named, were: 

YELLOW RIVER, Marshall County, 1848. 
BLUE RIVER, 1852, 7 miles west of Churubusco. 
TIPPECANOE, 1852, Kosciusko County. 
CEDAR CREEK, 1855, Allen, DeKalb. and Noble Counties. 
PINE CREEK, 1854, and UNION, 1858, originally part 
of the South Bend District. 

About the same time the Brethren were settling in 
Northern Indiana, others were moving into the Central 
and Southern parts of the State. 

DEER CREEK, where Camden now stands, was begun in 
1828. Samuel Wise, a deacon, and Peter Eyman, a second 


degree minister , were the first settlers. It is thought 
to have been organized in 1830. In 1838 it was divided 
into two, and the new district was called BACHELOR RUN. 
A division occurred in the Bachelor Run Church in 1848, 
and Peter Eyman and others who sympathized with him 
formed a new church called the New Dunkers or Church 
of God. 

PIRMONT or NORTH PORK is said to have begun in 1828 
with the settling of David Ulery and family and a small 
company of members along the North Fork of Wild Cat 
Creek in Carroll and Tippecanoe Counties. It is said 
to have been organized in 1832. In 1845 the district 
was divided and Elder John Shively was given charge of 
the North part called NORTH FORK, and Elder John Metzger 
took charge of the Southern part known as MIDDLE FORK. 

MANCHESTER, originally called Eel River, dates from 
1836 when Joseph Harter from Montgomery Co. Ohio set- 
tled on Eel River where North Manchester now stands. 
It was organized in 1838 and Joseph Harter was chosen 
to the ministry. 

MEXICO: Peter Fisher and wife Elizabeth, and 
Nathaniel and Francis Clingenpeel from Ohio settled in 
this vicinity in 1836. Elder William Moss and wife, 
from the original Four Mile Church, Wayne County, came 
in 1838, and the Church was organized in 1839. 

PIPE CREEK: ■ organized in 1852 through the labors of 
Samuel Murray who was ordained and given the oversight 
in 1857. He did much traveling and preaching, and 
lacked but one day of living to be 100 years old. 

Other Southern Indiana churches were: BEACH GROVE, 
Hamilton and Madison Counties, organized 1850; HOWARD 
COUNTY CHURCH, 1852. Hiel Hamilton, an influential 
Brethren preacher, was chosen to the ministry here in 

In Studies in Brethren History , It is said that the 
State of Indiana was divided into three church districts 
in 1866, at which time there were fifty-five congrega- 
tions in the State. 


Howard Miller,, In Record of the Faithful , published 
1882, lists 82 churches with 10,237 members in Indiana 
in 1881, 

— Daniel F. Wolf 

Reprinted from the November, 1957 Pilgrim 

Thy Word is like a garden, Lord, 

'With flowers bright and fair; 
And every one who seeks may pluck 

A lovely cluster there. 
Thy Word is like a deep, deep mine; 

And jewels rich and rare 
Are hidden in its mighty depths 

For every searcher there. 

Thy Word is like a starry host: 

A thousand rays of light 
Are seen to guide the traveler, 

And make his pathway bright, 
-- Thy Word is like an armory, 

Where soldiers may repair 
And find, for life's long battle day, 

All needful weapons there. 

Oh, may I love Thy precious Word; 

May I explore its mine; 
May I its fragrant flowers glean; 

May light upon me shine 1 
Oh, may I find my armor there! 

Thy Word my trusty sword; 
I'll learn to fight with every foe 

The battle of the Lord, 

—Edwin Hodder, 1837-1904 

• • 

n Thou therefore, my son, be strong in the grace that 
is in Christ Jesus. " ' — ll Timothy 2:1 



And it came to pass in those days that there went 
out a decree from Caesar Augustus , that all the world 
should be taxed. 

(And this taxing was first made when Cyrenius was 
governor of Syria.) 

And all went to be taxed , every one into his own 

And Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of the 
city of Nazareth, into Judaea, unto the city of David, 
which is called Bethlehem; (because he was of the 
house and lineage of David:) 

To be taxed with Mary his espoused wife, being 
great with child. 

And so it was, that, while they were there, the 
days were accomplished that she should be delivered. 

And she brought forth her firstborn son, and wrapped 
him in swaddling clothes, and laid him in a manger; 
because there was no room for them in the inn. 

—Luke 2?1~7 

Find the answers to these questions by looking up the 
Bible references. 

1. What was the sign the angel told to the shepherds 
that would show the newborn Saviour? (Luke 2:12) 

2. Did the shepherds tell other people about the 
angel 1 s message? (Luke 2:17) 

3. What unusual thing was revealed to Simeon by 
the Holy Ghost? (Luke 2:26) 

4. Did this come true for Simaon? (Luke 2:29,30) 

5» Who told Joseph to name the baby "Jesus"? 

(Matthew 1:20,21) 
6, What does "Emmanuel" mean? (Matthew 1:23) 

71 What valuable gifts did the wise men give to 
Jesusf (Matthew 2:11) — L.C.